An American Family History

Elizabeth Davis Church

Charlestown was first settled in 1628 and was the Massachusetts Bay Colony's initial seat of  government. Charlestown became part of Boston in 1874.
Early European settlers in the American colonies were mostly farmers and craftsmen. They had to work hard to provide daily neccesities for themselves.

Elizabeth Davis Church was born on November 11, 1658 in Charlestown, Suffolk County, Massachusetts. Her parents were Samuel Davis and Mary Waters.

Elizabeth married the widower, Samuel Church. Samuel was the son of Sarah and Garrett Church of Watertown and was born on June 10, 1640. Samuel had been married before to Rebecca Shattuck.

Samuel married Rebecca Shattuck on February 7, 1671. Rebecca was born in 1655 and her parents were William Shattuck and Susannah Hayden.

Samuel and Rebecca's children were born in Watertown:
Samuel Church (about 1670, married Mary Edwards)
Rebecca Church (1672)

Samuel and Elizabeth married about 1685. Their children were born in Groton:
Jonathan Church (1685/85, married Mary Edwards)
Sarah Church (1688)
Abigail Church Palmer (1689, married Jonah Palmer)
Elizabeth Church Harris (about 1690, married Thomas Harris)
David Church (1692)

Samuel appeared in the garrison list of Groton in 1692.

They moved to Voluntown, New London County, Connecticut before May 8, 1718 when Samuel Church and other inhabitants of Voluntown complained to the General court of

their miserable estate and condition, living in Voluntown and being at a great distance from any meeting-house and destitute of ye public worship of God and ever likely to be, land being so much broken and nothing but barren pine holes and never likely to be inhabited so as to maintain a minister (unless it be remedied by your Honors)...

Samuel died in Voluntown, New London County, Connecticut on November 27, 1724.

Children of Samuel Davis Sr.
and Mary Waters
  • Mary Davis
  • Elizabeth Davis Church
  • Mary Davis Lewis Pratt
  • John Davis
  • Sarah Davis Cady
  • Samuel Davis
  • Barnabas Davis
  • Steven Davis
  • Patience Davis Green
  • Nathaniel Davis
  • Old Style Calendar
    Before 1752 the year began on Lady Day, March 25th,. Dates between January 1st and March 24th were at the end of the year. Old Style (O.S.) and New Style (N.S.) are used to indicate whether the year has been adjusted. Often both dates are used.
    Groton, Middlesex County, Massachusetts was settled and incorporated in 1655. During King Philip's War, indigenous warriors burned all but four of Groton's garrisons. Survivors fled, but returned two years later to rebuild the town. Groton was again threated during Queen Anne's War.

    Suffolk County, Massachusetts was created by the Massachusetts General Court on May 10, 1643. It initially contained Boston, Roxbury, Dorchester, Dedham, Braintree, Weymouth.
    It was common for bequests to include wearing apparel.

    Connecticut's first European settlers were Dutch.



    New London County, Connecticut was one of four original Connecticut counties and was established on May 10, 1666, by an act of the Connecticut General Court.

    Genealogies of Connecticut Familes, "Garrett Church of Watertown, Mass." by Robert M. and Helen C. Search

    Bond shows the birth of Samuel Church and his marriage 7 Feb 1671/2 to Rebecca Shattuck as well as the birth of their daughter, Rebecca, 31 Dec. 1672. Lemuel Shattuck repeats these records and goes on the say that no further information concerning this family has been found and suggests that Rebecca and her heirs had died by 29 March 1687 when neither Rebecca nor the heirs of her brother, John, who was known to have died, signed the release to ther stepfather, Richard Norcross, concerning the estate of their father William Shattuck. . .

    In view of the preponderance of Watertown men in this venture [buying a tract of land] and the fact no other man of this name is know to have been in New England at this time it seems that the Samuel Church of Groton was undoubtedly Samuel Church (Garrett).

    The Vital Records of Groton, Mass., 1926, vol 1, p. 54 shows the birth of Jonathan Church son of Samuel and Elizabeth, 12 Feb. 1686. From this it appears that Samuel's first wife, Rebecca Shattuck had died prior to 1686 thus accounting for her failure to sign the release to Richard Norcross which now, obviously, was signed only by the living heirs of William Shattuck.

    Samuel Davis (Barnabas) of Charleston devised to his daughter "Elizabeth Church." Since no son, or grandson, of Richard Church of Plymouth is known to have married a woman named Elizabeth it would appear that Samuel Church (Garrett) had married as his second wife Elizabeth Davis (Samuel, Barnabas), b. Charlestown in 1658. It is interesting that the three sisters of Elizabeth (Davis) Church married men named Pratt, Green and Cady, names tht were common in Groton and Killingly, Conn., where Samuel Church's grandson, Daniel, married Eunice Winter of another Watertown family.

    Samuel Church is listed in the garrison at Groton in 1692. His name does not again appear on the vital records of the town and further reference to him has not been found again in Middlesex County. He is believed to be the Samuel Church, Sr., who had died in Voluntown, Conn., 27 Nov. 1724 "about the nintyeth year of his age" . . .

    In the article "Samuel Church of Stonington, Conn." (The Register, Vol. 118, p. 263, Oct. 1964) it was pointed out that Samuel of Stonington was believed to be a grandson of Garrett of Watertown. The various deeds of Samuel Church found in the Stonington and Voluntown records were all attributed to the younger man; none seemed to belong to his presumed father, Samuel Church (Garrett) who is believed to be the Samuel Church Sr. . . .

    Presumed Family of Samuel Church (Garrett)

    1. Rebecca, b. Watertown, Mass, 31 Dec. 1672; perhaps identical Church who mar. Edward Cleveland, Sr., in Canterbury, Conn. 1 Jan. 1722

    2. Samuel, d. Voluntown, Conn, between 17 July 1728 and 17 Sept. 1729; mar. in Stonington, Conn. 27 Nov. 1700, Mary Edwards (Thomas).

    3. Jonathan, b. Groton, Mass, 12 Feb. 1686.

    4. Sarah, perhaps the Sarah admitted to the church in Stonington,, 27 July 1712.

    5. Abigail, -she who mar. Jo Palmer of Stonington in Providence, 1706

    6. Elizabeth, "daughter of Samuel," who mar. in Plainfield, Conn., 11 Feb. 1713/14, Thomas Harris (Ebenezer, Thomas, Thomas); he d. s.p before 1750

    7. David, Grantee in deed from Isreal Fullsham in Windham when he is referrred to has a brother of Samuel church and perhaps the David Church who was grantee in a deed from James Curtice (both of Stonington) to land in Stonington 4 Feb. 1734. (Stonington Land Records, vol. 4, p. 485). If so then he was probably the David Church whose daughter Annie, was baptized in the First Church Stonington, 10 Nov. 1734 (Richard A Wheeler, History of the First Congregatioal Church of Stonington, Conn., 1875, p. 222).

    Connecticut's first European settlers were Dutch.

    Elizabeth Fones (1610) was an early Puritan woman in New England. She married her cousin, Henry Winthrop, son of John Winthrop. After he died, she married Robert Feake and lived in Watertown and Greenwich, Massachusetts. Robert apparently suffered from mental illness and abandoned his family. She then lived with William Hallett in Long Island.

    Groton, Middlesex County, Massachusetts was settled and incorporated in 1655

    from Garrett Church of Watertown, Mass. by Robert M. and Helen C. Search

    Comparatively little is known concerning the first two generations of the family of Garrett Church of Watertown, Mass. . . . Savage and Bond both list the children of Garrett, "by wife Sarah" as follows:
    John, b. 10 Mar. 1637/8
    Samuel, b. 12 June 1640
    Sarah, b. 10 Mar. 1642/3
    Mary b. 15 May 16 44
    Jonathan b. 13 Dec 1646
    David b. 1 Sept. 1657
    Since Garrett is believed to have been in Watertown by 1636 it is presumed the births were in that town. There is a "gap" of a decade between he births of Jonathan and David.

    Sarah's maiden name has not been found nor has any indication of the date or place of death of either Garrett or Sarah. It is not known when Garrett came to this country or, positively, from what part of England. From an affidavit it has been determined that he was born about 1611. . . .

    Bond shows the birth of Samuel Church and his marriage 7 Feb. 1671 to Rebecca Shattuck as well as the birth of their daughter, Rebecca, 31 Dec. 1672. Lemuel Shattuck repeats these records and goes on the say that no further information concerning this family has been found and suggests that Rebecca and the heirs of her brother John, who was known to have died, signed the release to their stepfather, Richard Norcross, concerning the estate of their father William Shattuck.

    Savage's Classic is still available.

    A cordwainer (or cordwinder) made shoes from fine, soft leather. There was a distinction between a cordwainer, who made shoes, and a cobbler who repaired them.


    Boston was founded in 1630 by Puritan settlers from England.

    William Shattuck was born in England, 1622, according to his deposition made April 3, 1600. He died there August 14, 1672, aged fifty years. He was one of the proprietors of Watertown in 1642. His homestall there was between those of John Clough and William Perry. He added to his original holdings by purchase and grants. He bought John Clough's place July 4, 1654, including house, garden and thirty acres of land on Common Hill, now the south of the Wellington Hill station of the Fitchburg Railroad, east of Common street, leading to Watertown village.

    He was a cordwainer or shoemaker, though the genealogy gives his trade as weaver. He removed to Boston in 1652, but returned to Watertown in 1654. He acquired a large property and held a respectable position in society. One of the descendants, Lemuel Shattuck, erected a monument in 1853 over his grave at Watertown, in honor of the emigrant and his son, John Shattuck, who died in the service of his country. His will was dated August 3, and proved August 29, 1672. He gave to son Samuel Church; to sons John, Philip, William, Benjamin and Samuel; to my ten younger children that are married; to wife Susanna and to each grandchild. The widow married (second) Richard Norcross, who survived her. She died December 11, 1686, at Watertown.

    The children of William and Susanna Shattuck were:
    Susannah, born 1643, married J. Morse and J. Fay;
    Mary, born August 25. 1645, married Jonathan Brown;
    John, born February 11, 1646-7, married Ruth Whitney; soldier in the King Philip war; was drowned in the Charles river through the capsizing of the ferry boat;
    Philip, born 1648, married D. Barstow Chamberlain;
    Joanna, died April 4, 1673, unmarried;
    William [Shattuck, Jr.], born 1653, married Susanna Randall;
    Rebecca, born 1655, married Samuel Church;
    Abigail, born 1657, married J. Morse and J. Parker;
    Benjamin, born in Watertown, died in his twentieth year;
    Samuel, born February 28, 1666, married Abigail .

    Bond's genealogy of Watertown is available on Kindle.

    Colonial legislatures granted land to a group of settlers (proprietors) who chose how to divide the land. They had some rights of governance.