"[L]iberty must at all hazards be supported.
We have a right to it, derived from our Maker.
But if we had not, our fathers have earned and bought it for us,
at the expense of their ease, their estates, their pleasure, and their blood."
-- John Adams, 1765
Boxford, Essex County, Massachusetts is approximately 25 miles north of Boston. Boxford was set apart from Rowley Village and incorporated in 1685.
New Hampshire was first settled by Europeans in 1623. It was separated from Massachusetts in 1679.
The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783) was between the Kingdom of Great Britain and the 13 colonies which became the newly formed United States.
He was still living in Boxford at the start of the revolution. He served as a private in the Massachusetts Militia. He was in Captain William Perley's company of Minutemen, Colonel James Frye's regiment, which marched on the alarm of April 19, 1775 and was in the Battle of Bunker Hill. He also served under Captain Farnum.
He married Sarah Hammond. Sarah was born December 8, 1762 in Swanzey, New Hampshire. Her parents were Colonel Joseph Hammond and Esther Pierce.
Their children included:
Octavia Dwinnell Leonard (born February 28, 1784, married Calvin Leonard),
Sally Dwinnell Ellis (born January 18, 1786, married Samuel Ellis a farmer),
Nabby Dwinnell (born March 24, 1788),
Thomas Dwinnell (June 13, 1790-July 9, 1866, married Arabella, who died August 26, 1865),
Solomon Dwinnell (born July 3, 1792),
Artemisa Dwinnell (born December 9, 1794),
Abigail Dwinnell Grimes (married Alexander Grimes a farmer),
Olive Dwinnell Wilson (married Aaron Wilson a millwright), and
Joseph H. Dwinnell (a millwright married Almira Holbrook).
The family appeared in the 1790 census in Keene.and appeared in the 1800 census of New Hampshire. The household consisted of one boy under ten, one between sixteen and twenty five and one man over 45, three girls under ten, two between ten and fifteen, one between 16 and 25, one woman between 26 and 44 and one woman over 45.
Keene, Cheshire County, New Hampshire was settled after 1736 and was a fort protecting Massachusetts during the French and Indian Wars. It was called Upper Ashuelot. When New Hampshire separated from Massachusetts in 1741 it became Keene, New Hampshire.
During King George's War, the village was attacked and burned.
The Granite Monthly Volume 15 edited by Henry Harrison Metcalf, John Norris McClintock
Col. Joseph Hammond was, in 1744, one of the first settlers of Swanzey, going to that place when a young man from Littleton, Mass. He was a colonel in the French wars, and on receipt of the news of the battle of Lexington was elected captain of the Swanzey company, and with sixty-two men marched, April 21, to the defence of Boston. He was lieutenant-colonel of Col. Ashley's regiment at the second Ticonderoga alarm, but being considered too old for active service, was employed as mustering officer, and also placed in charge of the transportation of supplies for the army. He resigned June 14, 1779, and his letter was accepted with regrets on June 19th, accompanied by a vote of thanks from the Assembly. He was also a grantee of Jefferson, in 1772. Born about 1722; died 1804.
A militia is a military unit composed of citizens who are called up in time of need.
(rom The History of Boxford
Those men who enlisted for eight months in the Cambridge campaign:
John Wild (or Willet),
Nathan Kimball, jr.,
John Towne, jr.,
Stephen Gould, jr.,
Moses Porter, jr.,
Elijah Clark, and