"[L]iberty must at all hazards be supported.
We have a right to it, derived from our Maker.
But if we had not, our fathers have earned and bought it for us,
at the expense of their ease, their estates, their pleasure, and their blood."
-- John Adams, 1765
Boxford, Essex County, Massachusetts is approximately 25 miles north of Boston. Boxford was set apart from Rowley Village and incorporated in 1685.
A yeoman was a man who owned and cultivated a small farm. He belonged to the class below the gentry or land owners. A husbandman was a free tenant farmer. The social status of a husbandman was below that of a yeoman.
New Hampshire was first settled by Europeans in 1623. It was separated from Massachusetts in 1679.
According to History of the Town of Gilsum New Hampshire, he served as a private in the Continental Army. He was in Captain Elish Mack’s company that marched from New Hampshire on July 22, 1777 and joined the Continental army at Saratoga, and was in the battle of Bennington. Three men in the company were killed. They were discharged about September 22 and were paid for two months and two days service.
According to Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors in the War of the Revolution, Volume 5, he was on the list of men raised for six months service with Brigadier General Paterson. He passed muster in a return dated October 25, 1780 at Camp Totoway. He was on the payroll for six months. The men were raised by the town of Middleton for service in the Continental Army during 1780. They marched June 27, 1780 and were discharged December 15, 1780. His service was six months and one day.
He married Esther Wadsworth on May 5, 1783. The Reverend Aaron Hall performed the ceremony. Esther was born in 1764 and was the daughter of Samuel Wadsworth and Huldah Heaton.
Their nine children were born in Keene, New Hampshire.
David Dwinnell was born on October 12, 1783.
Betsey Dwinnell Blake was born on January 30, 1785. She married Ashael Blake.
Abigal or Abiah Dwinnell Edson was born on April 30, 1787. She married E. Edson. Sarah or Sally Dwinnell Harvey was born on April 12, 1789.
She married Calvin Harvey.
Rachel Dwinnell was born on October 12, 1791.
Huldah Dwinnell Baker was born on March 3, 1794. She married married Thomas Baker.
Calista Dwinnell Bell was born on March 16, 1796. She married Ely Bell.
Samuel Dwinnell was born on March 2, 1799. He was a tanner in Lynn.
They also had a son Luther Dwinnell.
The family appeared in the 1790 census in Keene, New Hampshire.
The family (Jona Dwinnell) appeared in the 1800 census in New Hampshire. The household consisted of one boy under ten, one boy between sixteen and twenty five and one man over 45, three girls under ten, one between ten and fifteen and one woman between 26 and 44.
By 1810 the family had moved to Hillsborough, New Hampshire.
Jonathan was placed on a Revolutionary War veteran's pension on January 25, 1883 when he was 82 years old. He died in Marlborough, Cheshire County, New Hampshire about 1835 at age 84.
Keene, Cheshire County, New Hampshire was settled after 1736 and was a fort protecting Massachusetts during the French and Indian Wars. It was called Upper Ashuelot. When New Hampshire separated from Massachusetts in 1741 it became Keene, New Hampshire.
During King George's War, the village was attacked and burned.
The settlement of New Meadows was incorporated as the Town of Topsfield by authority of the General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1650. The church "gathered" on November 4, 1663 with the Rev. Thomas Gilbert. The third Meeting House was built on the Common in 1703 with Rev. Joseph Capen as pastor.
A blacksmith forges and shapes iron with a hammer and anvil.
from The History of Keene, New Hampshire by Simon Goodell Griffin
Samuel Wadsworth came from Middletown, Ct., about 1760; married, 1762, Huldah, daughter of Seth Heaton, one of the first settlers of Upper Ashuelot. In 1770 he bought the original house lot No. 12—the old fort property— where Mr. Lemuel Hayward now lives, and two years later bought lots 10 and 11, north of it. He was a blacksmith and lived in one of the houses that were built inside the fort in connection with its walls, and had his shop within or near the fort. The stone foundations of his forge may still be found, just north of Mr. Hayward's house.
He rose to the rank of major in the militia, but was one of the few tories in Keene at the time of the Revolution, though not one of the more obnoxious ones. After residing in the fort for some years he removed to Beech hill, where he died in 1782, aged forty-two.
He had nine children, four sons and five daughters, but only one son, the youngest, lived to manhood. His name was Samuel, born after his father's death, in 1783; married Betsey Lawrence, sister of Asa, of Roxbury, and John, of Keene; removed to Roxbury, near the outlet of Woodward's pond; was thrown from his horse and killed in February, 1835.