Early European settlers in the American colonies were mostly farmers and craftsmen. They had to work hard to provide daily neccesities for themselves.
Thankful Davis Hinds was born on January 7, 1730/31 in Littleton, Middlesex County, Massachusetts. Her parents were Simon and Jane Davis.
She married Jacob Hinds on February 26, 1749/50 in Shrewsbury, Massachusetts. They were married by the Reverend, Mr. Palatiah Webster. Jacob was born on January 22, 1731 in Shrewsbury. His parents were Jacob Hinds and Grace Morse.
Thankful and Jacob's children included:
Sarah Hinds (April 20, 1751) and
John Bradford Hinds (February 22, 1753, married Susanna Tenney).
Thankful probably died in childbirth when John Bradford was born. She was only 22 years old.
Jacob married Tryphena Keyes on November 24, 1756. Tryphena was born January 5, 1730/31 in Shrewsbury, Worcester County, Massachusetts. Her parents were Ebenezer Keyes and Tamar Wheelock.
Jacob died when he was 30 on May 16, 1761 in Warren, Worcester County, Massachusett.
Tryphena married Moses Tyler in Warren on June 16, 1772. She died there on January 28, 1788.
Old Style Calendar
Before 1752 the year began on Lady Day, March 25th,. Dates between January 1st and March 24th were at the end of the year. Old Style (O.S.) and New Style (N.S.) are used to indicate whether the year has been adjusted. Often both dates are used.
Some Puritans gave their children hortatory names (from the Latin for “encourage”) like Thankful, hoping that the children would live up to them. The names were used for several generations.
Mister ( Mr.) was derived from master and Mrs. and Miss were derived from mistress. They indicated people of superior social status in colonial America.
Littleton, Middlesex County, Massachusetts was first settled in 1686 by English settlers and was the the location of the Native American village called Nashoba Plantation
Childbirth was was perilous. Around 1.5 percent of births ended in the mother's death. Since women gave birth to many children, chances of dying in childbirth were quite high.
The town common (commons) was a small, open field at the center of the town which was jointly owned. It was used as a marketplace, a place for the militia to drill, or for grazing livestock.
Quabbin was also called Quaker Plain and Narragansett. Quabbin is now under the Quabbin reservoir.
History and Genealogy of the Hinds Family, by Albert Henry Hinds published by Higginson Book Company, 1899
Jacob Hinds, son of Jacob and Grace (Morse) Hinds (John, James), born in Shrewsbury, Mass., Jan. 22, 1731, and died some time between 1764 and 1770; married in Greenwich, Mass., Feb. 26, 1750, Thankful Davis, daughter of Lieutenant Simon Davis.
Children, born in Quobbin (Greenwich), Mass.
i . Sarah, b. April 20, 1751. Nothing further known of her.
ii. John Bradford, b. Feb. 22,1753.
Greenwich, Hampshire County, Massachusetts was incorporated in 1749 and dissolved in 1938. It was renamed from Quabbin in 1754 .
Eastern Long Island was settled at Southold by English Puritans on October 21, 1640. Western Long Island was Dutch. The Conklins and other related families owned the entire area in the 17th century. The Dutch granted an English settlement in Hempstead (now in Nassau) in 1644. In 1664, the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam became English and was renamed New York.
Elizabeth Fones (1610) was a Puritan woman in New England. She married her cousin, Henry Winthrop, son of John Winthrop. After he died, she married Robert Feake and lived in Watertown and Greenwich, Massachusetts. Robert apparently suffered from mental illness and abandoned his family. She then lived with William Hallett in Long Island.
New England Families, Genealogical and Memorial edited by William Richard Cutter
James Hinds, the first settler, was born in England. He came to Salem, Massachusetts, to make his home, as early as 1637. About the same time two brothers came also, William and Richard Hines or Hinds, many of whose descendants spell their names Haynes, Haine and Hayne, and Haines. They owned a farm together, selling it in part, June 29, 1648, and William gave a letter of attorney November 25, 1647, to Thomas Haynes, merchant of London, for collection at Danes Halle, Bedfordshire. James and these two were believed to be related, perhaps brothers, and the records indicate London and Bedfordshire as the English homes of the family.
He was admitted a freeman March. 1637-38, and sold land in Marblehead in 1649. He was a member of the Salem church, April 25, 1637. He removed to Southold, Long Island, in New York, and died there March, 1652-53. He was a cooper by trade. His widow Mary married (second) June. 1656, Ralph Dayton, of Southold. Hinds made his will March 1, 1652-53, bequeathing to wife Mary, eldest son John, and other children, not named in the will.
John, mentioned below;
James, born August 2, 1641;
Benjamin, baptized August 26, 1643;
Mary, baptized February 19, 1646;
James, baptized December 27, 1647-48;
Jonathan, baptized April t1, 1648;
Sarah, baptized April, 1648, twin;
Thomas, baptized March 4. 1651.
(II) John Hinds, son of James Hinds, was born August 28, 1639, and died at Lancaster, Massachusetts, March 20, 1720. He resided in Lancaster, removing there from Woburn in 1676 or soon atterwards, and his house there was a garrison house, under John Moore, April 20, 1704. For a short time he lived in Brookfield, Massachusetts, but returned to Lancaster, where he died. He received a grant of sixty-two acres of land in Brookfield, owning one hundred and ninety-nine acres there. He sold his Brookfield house lot to his son John, April 13, 1719. He lived in the part of Lancaster which became Bolton.
He married (first) . (second; February 9, 1681-82. Mary Butler, widow of James Butler, an early settler of Lancaster. Child of the first wife: James, resided at Lancaster. Children of the second wife: John, a sketch of whom follows; Jacob, mentioned below: Hannah; Hopestill; Deborah; Experience; Enoch.
(III) Jacob Hinds, son of John Hinds, was born probably in Brookfield, Massachusetts, in 1685, and died in West Boylston, Massachusetts. He was a farmer in Marlborough, Massachusetts, where his name was spelled Hins on the records. In 1717 he went with other Marlborough people to settle in Shrewsbury, and from there went to West Boylston in 1720, being probably the first white settler in that region. He was a corporal in Captain Asa Whitcomb's company. He received a grant of land in Shrewsbury of sixty acres, December 30, 1718, the 33d lot. His will was dated September 24, 1764.
He married, in Marlborough, December 6, 1716, Grace Morse, daughter of Joseph and Hester (Peirce) Morse. She was born in Watertown, Massachusetts, June 7, 1694. Joseph Morse came from Ipswich, England, in April, 1634, on the ship Elizabeth and settled in Watertown, where he was a proprietor; admitted freeman May 6, 1635; he was son of Joseph and Deborah Morse, who came to this country shortly after their son came. Hester, wife of Joseph, was daughter of John and Elizabeth Peirce.
Children of Jacob and Grace (Morse) Hinds, first three born in Marlborough, others in Shrewsbury:
Tabitha, born 1718, died in infancy:
Sarah, born 1719;
Abigail, born 1720;
Daniel, born June 21, 1722, died June 2, 1740;
Joseph, born January 20, 1724;
Benjamin, mentioned below;
Mary, born August 18, 1726;
Tabitha, born November 14, 1727;
Jason, born December 8, 1728;
Elizabeth, born January 22, 1730;
Jacob, born January 22
Any man entering a colony or becoming a a member the church, was not free. He was not forced to work, but his movements were carefully observed to see if they followed the Puritanical ideal. After this probationary period, he became a "freeman." Men then took the Oath of a Freeman where they vowed to defend the Commonwealth and not to overthrow the government.
A cooper makes wooden barrels and casks.
A blockhouse or garrison house is a small, isolated fort. The typical blockhouse was two stories with the second story overhanging the first. It had small openings to allow residents to shoot attackers without being exposed.
Early American Colonists and pioneers had to make everything necessary for daily life and skilled craftsmen were essential.
American colonists continued to use British monetary units, namely the pound, shilling and pence for which £1 (orli) equalled 20s and 1s equalled 12d. In 1792 the dollar was established as the basic unit of currency.
Moses Tyler (John), born in Tolland, Conn., February 25, 1730; died about 1777; married Widow Tryphena (Keyes) Hinds, of Warren, Mass.
Moses has a deed from John Davies, of Western, May 5, 1764, interest in four lots in Shrewsbury, Mass., the consideration being £38, 10s.
He was probably a private in the Revolution and appears on a return of Captain Harwood, of Colonel Learned's regiment, dated October 7, 1775.
Abner Tyler (his brother) was appointed guardian of the children, who were all minors at the time of the death of Moses.
Moses lived in Warren and the children were born there. Children:
Moses Tyler, born in 1764.
John Tyler, born in 1766.
Isaac Tyler, born Nov. 16, 1767.
Sarah Tyler, born in 1770; published, Oct. 8, 1789, to Rufus Barrett, of West Brookfield, Mass. In 1784 she chose Pattridge, of Western, as guardian.
They moved to Canada.
Tamar Tyler, born in 1773.
Guardianship is when a court gives an adult custody of a child and/or the responsibility of managing the child's property. Before women could own property, guardians were appointed for their minor children if their husband died.