“Remember, remember always, that all of us, and you and I especially, are descended from immigrants and revolutionists."
― Franklin D. Roosevelt
King Philip’s War was a bloody and costly series of raids and skirmishes in 1675 and 1676 between the Native American people and the colonials. King Philip was the Native American leader Metacom.
The town common (commons) was a small, open field at the center of the town which was jointly owned. It was used as a marketplace, a place for the militia to drill, or for grazing livestock.
John Warner was born about 1616 in England. His father was William Warner. He came to Ipswich on the ship Increase with his family in 1637. He was a freeman of Ipswich.
John's children with his first wife included:
Samuel Warner (1640),
John Warner (1644),
Mark Warner (1646), and
Nathaniel Warner (1650).
He married Priscilla Symonds on March 10, 1655. Priscilla was the daughter of Mark Symonds. She was born about 1620 in Essex, England.
John and Priscilla's children included:
Joseph Warner (1657),
Mehitable Warner (1659),
Daniel Warner (1661),
Eleazar Warner (1662), and
Priscilla Warner Cummings (married Thomas Cummings).
In 1670 he moved to Brookfield. When the town was destroyed by indigenous warriors during King Philip's War in 1675, he retreated to Hadley, Hampshire County, Massachusetts.
On May 17, 1692, he gave his property to his sons, Mark, Nathaniel, and Eleazar. His property included the two rights to the commons and land in Hadley and Swampfield. He also gave them 3 beds, 3 coverlets, 3 pairs of sheets, a bolster, 6 pillows, 2 brass kettles, 3 skillets, a frying pan, an iron pot, a pair tongs, an iron peale, an iron trammel, a box of iron, 2 pewter platters, a pewter basin, 2 catechisms, 2 bibles, 6 sermon books, 2 woman's coats, 2 waistcoats, a large apron, a silk handkerchief, a silk hood, a silk cap, and a hat.
Pewter is an alloy composed mainly of tin, but can include lead. It was used for dishes and utensils. Some colonists suffered lead poisoning from using it. It dents easily and lasted about ten years. It was expensive and wooden dishes were used most often.
Any man entering a colony or becoming a a member the church, was not free. He was not forced to work, but his movements were carefully observed to see if they followed the Puritanical ideal. After this probationary period, he became a "freeman." Men then took the Oath of a Freeman where they vowed to defend the Commonwealth and not to overthrow the government.
Coverlets (Coverlid) are woven bedcovers, used as the topmost covering on a bed.
John Norton (1606-1663) was a Puritan divine. He wrote Responsio ad totam quæstionum syllogen, the first Latin book in America in 1645 (published 1648). His biography of John Cotton, Abel Being Dead, Yet Speaketh,
was published in 1658.
In 1688, during the Glorious Revolution, the Protestant king and queen,William and Mary, took the English throne from Catholic King James II. The bloodless revolution profoundly impacted the American colonies.
Historic Homes and Institutions and Genealogical and Personal Memoirs of Worcester County, Massachusetts: With a History of Worcester Society of Antiquity by Ellery Bicknell Crane
John Warner, son of William Warner, was born in England about the year 1616. He was reared in his native land and came to the Ipswich Colony, Massachusetts Bay, either shortly before or after the remainder of the family. He was a passenger from London on the ship Increase in 1635, when he gave his age of twenty years.
He removed from Ipswich to Brookfield in 1670, was one of three men there who took the Indian deed for the town of Brookfield, December 19, 1673, and was one of the principal inhabitants there. When the town was destroyed by the Indians in 1675 he retreated with his younger children to Hadley, Massachusetts, whither Mark Warner, an elder son, and other children had gone to settle. He probably died at the home of some of his children, 1692.
John Warner married (first). He married (second) Pricilla Symonds, daughter of Mark Symonds, about 1655. The children of John Warner and his first wife were:
Samuel, born about 1640;
John, born about 1643, died at Springfield, Massachusetts, January 21, 1724;
Mark, born 1646, died at Northampton, Massachusetts, May 31, 1738, aged ninety-two years;
Nathaniel, born about 1650, was a resident of Brookfield in 1673, died in Hadley, Massachusetts, January 15, 1714;
Daniel, born about 1653. died in Ipswich, Massachusetts, June 8, 1659.
The children of John and Priscilla (Symonds) Warner were:
Joseph, born August 15, 1657, died June 18, 1658;
Mehitable, born April 16, 1659, died at Hadley, Massachusetts, June 12, 1678;
Daniel, born April 16, 1661. died 1688;
Eleazer, born November 13, 1662. died at Hadley, Massachusetts, May 8, 1729;
Priscilla, born 1664, married Thomas Cummings, of Dunstable, Massachusetts, December 19, 1688.
Old Style Calendar
Before 1752 the year began on Lady Day, March 25th,. Dates between January 1st and March 24th were at the end of the year. Old Style (O.S.) and New Style (N.S.) are used to indicate whether the year has been adjusted. Often both dates are used.
The Massachusetts Bay Company was a trading company chartered in 1629 to settle an English colony in New England. Puritan leaders saw it as a religious and political refuge. About 900 colonists arrived in 1630.
Tools were an important legacy because they were essential part of daily life.
Personal property can be called personalty (personality), goods, chattels, articles, or movable property. It includes both animate or inanimate property.
from New England Historical and Genealogical Register, 1866
John [Warner], b. in England about 1616, m. Priscilla, dau. of Mark Symonds. on 10 March, 1655. John and Priscilla W. sold to J. Woodam his dwellinghouse, barn, orchard, &., and among other conveyances, on 6 Aug., 1665, he sold 7 acres of upland " which formerly was part of my father Warner's meadow in Ipswich," and about this time he removed to Brookfield, being one of the 3 Trustees in whom the deed of the town was vested.
On the destruction of Brookfield by the Indians in 1675, he went to Hadley where he d. at an infirm age. May 17, 1692, he gave his real and personal property to his sons, Mark, Nathaniel, and Eleazar, viz.:
the right of two commons in Ipswich belonging to two houses sold, the grant of 20 acres land in Hadley, grant of land at Swampfield, 3 beds, 3 coverlids, 3 pair sheets, 1 bolster, 6 pillows, 2 brass kettles, 3 skillets, 1 frying pan, 1 iron pot, 1 pair tongs, 1 iron peale, 1 iron trammel, 1 box iron, 2 pewter platters, 1 pewter basin, 2 catechisms, 2 bibles, 6 sermon books, 2 woman's coats, 2 waistcoats, 1 large apron, 1 silk handkerchief, 1 silk hood, 1 silk cap, 1 hat. (From Ipswich Records.)
Children, Samuel, b. 1640, of Dunstable, N. H., 1685.
Mark, went to Hadley before his father.
John, killed in 1660 by falling of a tree.
Nathaniel, b. 1655.
Joseph, b. 15 Aug., 1657, d. 1658.
Mehitable, b. 16 April, 1659, d. 12 June, 1678.
Daniel b. 16 April, 1661, was living in Ipswich 19 May, 1711, when he bought a common right of his "cousin John " (son of Daniel, Sen).
Eleazar, b. 13 Nov., 1662.
Priscilla, b. 25 Sept., 1666, m. in 1688, to Thomas Cummings.
A trammel an arrangement of links and a hook in a fireplace for raising and lowering a kettle.
It was common for bequests to include wearing apparel.
Coverlets (Coverlid) are woven bedcovers, used as the topmost covering on a bed.
Memorial of Professor Aaron Warner by Edward Payson Crowell, E P C published by s.n., 1884
His son John [Warner], born about 1616, and married March 10, 1645 to Priscilla, daughter of Mark Symonds, a " freeman" of Ipswich, remained a citizen of that town for about twenty years longer, (during which time most if not all of his nine children were born) favored with the religious instructions of Rev. Messrs John Norton and Nathaniel Rogers, graduates of one of the English Universities and ministers eminent for ability, learning and piety. The eldest of his children must also have had the privileges of the "Ipswich Grammar School," as that was established before 1651.
When the territory of Brookfield was granted to a number of citizens of Ipswich in May, 1660, he was one of the three trustees in whom the deed of the town was vested, and about the year 1665, removed to that place—then an isolated settlement between the seacoast and the towns in the Connecticut valley. In King Philip's war, this village was attacked by the Indians early in August, 1675, and though bravely defended and its garrison finally relieved, almost all the buildings were destroyed and it was for a time deserted by the inhabitants. John Warner removed to Hadley, where he died at an advanced age, about 1692, leaving by will among his other effects to his heirs "two bibles, two catechisms and six sermon-books."
from The History of Peter Parker and Sarah Ruggles of Roxbury, Mass by John William Linzee
Mark Symonds, b. about 1584 England. . .
before 1612 in England, where she was b. and d.;
Joanna (91) about 1618 in England; where she was b.;d. 29 Apr. 1666 Ipswich, (Ct. R.), as Joanah Symonds .. .
Children of Mark Symonds (90) and 1st wife .
i. Mary, b. about 1614 England; d. 10 June 1658 Ipswich, Mass. (Ct. R.), as Mary wife of Edward Chapman; m. Edward Chapman about 1639 Ipswich. . .
ii. Susannah, b. about 1617 England; d. 8 Feb. 1682 Ipswich, Mass. (Ct. R.), as Susannah widow of John Ayres; m. John Ayres about 1642 Ipswich. . ,
Children of Mark Symonds (90) and 2nd wife Joanna (91).
iii. Priscilla, b. about 1620 England; d. before her husband; m. John Warner about 1639 Ipswich, Mass.; son of William Warner (88).
iv. Abigail, b. about 1622 England; d. 28 June 1680 Ipswich, Mass. (Ct. R.), as wid. Abigaill Pearce; m. Robert Pearce about 1644 Ipswich. . .