An American Family History

John Theobald, Sr. 1666

Theobald is also spelled: Theobaldes, Theobaldo, Theobalds, Theoball, Theoballs, Theobals, Theobold, Theobolds, Theboult. (Pronounced Tibbals)
Arms-Gules, six crosses, crosslet fitchée or.
Crest-A phoenix with wings expanded sable in flames proper.

John Theobald, Sr. was born in 1666 in Charles County, Maryland. His parents were Clement and Mary Theobald. He was a planter.

He married Mary Fendall. Mary was born about 1670. She was the daughter of Captain Josias Fendall and his wife, Mary.

John and Mary's children included:
William Theobald (1692),
John Theobald, Jr. (1692, married Elizabeth Mason Jenifer),
Mary Theobald (1696, married John Swan), and
Charity Theobald (1697, married George Scroggin).

He had 50 acres at Betty's Delight, 100 acres at Planter's Delight, and 100 acres at Greena.

John died on July 24, 1713. He made his will on October 18, 1712. His wife was appointed administrix. He left his oldest son, William, their home, the land at Betty's Delight and Planter's Delight, personal possessions and a horse. He left John, the land at Greena, personal possessions and a horse. Mary and Charity received personal possessions. His wife, Mary received the residue of the estate and life interest in one third of the lands.

After his death his wife, Mary, married Matthew Barnes. Matthew as born about 1670 in Port Tobacco, Charles County, Maryland.

Matthew died on January 10, 1746.

Her will was written October 18, 1750. She left William a mourning ring. Mary received, wearing apparel, and a horse and saddle. Her grandson, John Theobalds received bed, bolster and pillows, and grandson John Swann inherited a horse. Charity was the administrix and received the remainder of the estate.

Thomas Corker obtained a patent for 200 acres of Betty's Delight in 1671.
Corker sold part to Clement Theobald in 1675.
Clement's son, John Theobald, left it to his son, William Theobald. It was then in Baltimore County.
John Hanson acquired 100 acres in 1676 and left them to his son Robert.
In 1746, Robert Hanson left it to his grandson Robert Hanson (son of Samuel Hanson).

Planter is an archaic term for a settler. Plantation was a method of colonization where settlers were "planted" abroad. A plantation is also the kind of large farm that was the economical basis of many American Colonies and owners of these farms were also called planters.

Old Style Calendar
Before 1752 the year began on Lady Day, March 25th,. Dates between January 1st and March 24th were at the end of the year. Old Style (O.S.) and New Style (N.S.) are used to indicate whether the year has been adjusted. Often both dates are used.
Children of Clement and Mary Theobald:
  • Penelope Theobald Morris Land
  • Thomas Theobald
  • Clement Theobald, Jr.
  • John Theobald
  • Elizabeth Theobald Corker Wheeler
  • Horse Terms
    Foal: less than 1 year old
    Yearling: between 1 & 2
    Colt: male under 4
    Filly: female under 4
    Mare: female over 4
    Gelding: castrated male
    : non-castrated male over 4




    Ancestral Records and Portraits,Volume 2 by Colonial Dames of America. Chapter I, Baltimore, Grafton Press

    The youngest of these sons, John Theobald I., born in Charles County 1666, and died 1713, married Mary; issue five children.

    His third son, John Theobald II, born in Charles County, was the third husband of Elizabeth Jenifer, nee Mason, and the widow of Daniel Jenifer; they were married 1729. Issue: Elizabeth, Samuel, and Jane.


    1642-1753 Rent Rolls Charles County Maryland Hundred - Port Tobacco

    Planters Delight: 100 acres;
    Possession of - 100 Acres - Theobalds, John:
    Surveyed 2 Jan 1670 for Thomas Corker in the woods on the West side Port Tobacco Creek at one of the S.W. by W. line trees on the land called Simpsons Delight.


    1642-1753 Rent Rolls Charles County, Maryland Hundred - Port Tobacco: Rent Roll page/Sequence: 308-42:

    Betty's Delight: 150 acres;
    Possession of - 100 Acres - Hanson, John Sr. :
    50 Acres - Theobalds, John:
    Surveyed 22 Oct 1670 for Thomas Corker at a bound oak standing on the West side of Port Tobacco Creek near the main road

    In contracts and pleadings usually people and things mentioned before are designated by the term said (sd ) for clarity. Aforesaid (afd, afsd, aforesd ) means it was already mentioned.


    Theobalds, John, planter, Chas. County,
    18th Oct., 1712; 24th July, 1713.
    To eld. son William and male hrs., dwelling plantation,, 2 tracts, viz., 50 A.,. Betty's Delight and 100 A., Planter's Delight and personalty, including mare branded H. S.
    To son John, 100 A.., Greena in Charles Co.,, in the woods on W. side main branch of Portobacco Creek, about 2 miles from head of sd Creek, and personalty, including mare formerly belonging to Penelope Theobald.
    To dau. Mary and to dau. Charity, at 16 yrs. or marriage, personalty.
    To wife Mary, extx., residue Of estate and life interest in⅓ lands afsd devised to son William; 2 sons to be of age at 18 yrs. in event of marriage of wife.
    Test: Mary Hanson, Robert Hanson, John Gardner, 13.540.


    George and Susanna Scroggin (Scroggen, Scrogging) married about 1685 in Charles County, Maryland. Their children included Elizabeth Scroggin (1686), John Scroggin (1687), Mary Scroggin (1687/88), George Scroggin (1692-Godson of Penelope Theobald), Susannah Scroggin (1693/94), and Margaret Scroggin (1696).

    George, Sr. was a servant of Peter Carr. He died on September 18, 1700 in Charles County, Maryland.

    In 1752 George, Jr. was seated in pew 10 in the William and Mary Parish Church.


    Charles County., Maryland. Circuit Court, Liber A No. 2, pp. 208-9

    June 1699/1700 - John Scroggen, one of the orphans of George Scroggens, deceased; bound to Mrs. Penelope Land to age 21 years; said Mrs. Land dying, said Scroggens was (in Nov. Court 1702) bound to Capt. Walter Storey.
    An indenture is a legal contract for labor or land. Two copies on the same sheet were separated with a jagged edge so that the two parts could be refitted to confirm authenticity. An indentured servant worked without wages for a specified time to pay a debt and was bound to the employer. In the 17th century, nearly two-thirds of settlers came as indentured servants to pay for their passage.

    Bound children were indentured servants whose master provided training in a craft, board, lodging, and clothes for seven years or until the child came of age.


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