An American Family History


The Jackson Family
of Washington County, Tennessee


Washington County, Tennessee,was established in 1777 as Washington County, North Carolina. From 1784 to 1788,it was part of the State of Franklin.

Jonathan Jackson was born about 1744 in Virginia.

He married Mary Mauck (daughter of Henry 1737).

Their children may have included:

Francis Jackson (1781),
Nancy Jackson (1782, married Lloyd Ford),
Lucy Jackson (1787),
Susannah Jackson (1787),
Jonathan Jackson (1789),
William Jackson (1789, married Rebecca Ford),
Barbary Jackson (1792, married Jacob Hite),
Corban Jackson,
Vincent Jackson (1796) and
Rhoda Jackson (1802).

In 1784, John Jackson received a warrant for land in Sullivan County, Tennessee. At that time it was in North Carolina.

East Tennessee is part of Appalachia. At the end of the French and Indian War, colonists began drifting into the area. In 1769, they first settled along the Watauga River. During the Revolution, the Overmountain Men defeated British loyalists at the Battle of Kings Mountain. The State of Franklin was formed in the 1780s, but never admitted to the Union.

William Jackson was born between 1760 and 1770 in Virginia.

He married Hannah Jobe. She was the daughter of Jacob Jobe.

William and Hannah's children included:

Peter Jackson (1790, married Ann Murray),
George Jackson (1792),
Deborah Jackson Fulkerson (1794, married Alexander Fulkerson),
Samuel Jackson (1796),
Willie Jackson (1805),
Smith Jackson (1810),
Barbara Jackson Gwinn (1815, married John Gwinn), and
Jacob Jackson.

In 1794 William bought land on Sinking Creek from Anthony Duncan.

At the time of the 1830 census, they were in Washington County, Tennessee.

1 male 60-70 (1760-1770)
1 male 20-30 (1800-1810)
1 male 15-20 (1810-1815)
1 female 15-20 (1810-1815)

William left Willie 120 acres, Smith 82 acres, and Barbara 146 acres. He gave the people he had enslaved their freedom when they 30 years old.

The executors of his estate were George and Peter Jackson.

The will was witnessed by John Kennedy, Charles Bacon, Daniel Barron (Son of Sarah Barron and Thomas Bacon).

In August, 1837 Barbara and John Gwinn sued her brothers, George and Peter to settle their father's estate.


1824, August 9
William Jackson of Washington Co Tn
to John Cox Jr of Sullivan Co
for $115 dollars,
11 ½ acres in Sullivan County on a branch of Kindricks Creek.
Begin at the corner of Sm Jobes lot No 3 running the line S80 E88 poles, N40 E24 poles
to a corner of lot No 5 drawn by Lear Cox, with said line N80 W104 poles, S22 poles to the beginning.
Also if the said tract of land of Jacob Job dec’d should ever be broke that is the divide that said John Cox Jr shall have his part where ever it falls in.
The said William Jackson and Hannah Jackson has set our hands and seal.
William (x) Jackson (seal)
Hannah (x) Jackson (seal
Wit: Peter Jackson, Zachariah Jobe


from Washington County, Tennessee Wills

to son Willie Jackson -- 120 acres purchased of Dodson
To son Smith Jackson -- 82 acres
To daughter Barbara Jackson -- 146 acres bought of Lite O. Gott
Slaves to be set free when 30 years old
All my Children: Jacob, Peter and George Jackson, Deborah Fulkerson, Samuel, Willie, Smith and Barbara Jackson 
Executors: 2 sons, George and Peter Jackson. 
Wit.: John Kennedy, Charles Bacon, Daniel Barron. 
Signed: William (X) Jackson.

The Holston River flows from Kingsport to Knoxville.
map by Kmusser

from Washington County Tennessee Deeds 1775-1800

Anthony Dunkin/Duncan, Green Co., TN
to William Jackson, Sullivan Co.,
152 acres on the head of Sinking Creek waters of the Holstein [Holston River].
Cons: 120£
Adj. Richard Caswell, John Ford, George Bell, John Bell
Signed: Anthony Duncan
Witness: William Dodson, Joseph Duncan, George Jackson
Ct: Feb 1794


from Washington County Tennessee Deed Book 9

This indenture made February 4, 1802 between Joseph Barron and George Jackson, both of Washington Co., State of Tennessee
consideration $800.00
conveys a tract of land in Washington Co.,
lying on a branch of Sinking Creek
joining Nicholas Hale and Samuel Jobe's survey
begin at a red oak on Haile's line
two white oaks on Job's line
containing 200 acres.

Joseph Barron, Thomas Barron, William Jackson


Peter Jackson was born about 1790 in Washington County, Tennessee. He was the son of William Jackson and Hannah Jobe.

He married Ann Murray.

Ann and Peter's children may have included:

John W. Jackson (1831, married Margaret Hale),
Jobe Jackson (1832),
Sarah E. Jackson (1835, married Charles Harrison),
George W. Jackson, (1838), and
Iva J. Jackson (1843).

1830 Washington County, Tennessee

1 man between 40-50 (1780-1790) - Peter
1 woman between 30-40 (1790-1800) - Ann
1 girl and 1 boy between 5-10 (1820-1825)
1 girl under 5 (1825-1830)

1840 Washington County, Tennessee

1 man between 50-60 (1780-1790) -Peter
1 woman between 40-50 (1790-1800) - Ann
1 girl between 10-15 (1825-1830)
2 boys and 1 girl between 5-10 (1830-1835) -John W., Jobe Jackson and Sarah b. 1835
a boy and a girl under 5: George and Deborah

1850 Washington County, Tennessee

Peter Jackson 60
John Jackson 19
Jobe Jackson 17
Sarah Jackson 15
George W Jackson 12
Isa J Jackson 7

Slavery is an immoral system of forced labor where people are treated as property to be bought and sold. It was legal in the American Colonies and the United States until the Civil War.
Watauga Pioneer Neighbors






Colonial Maryland
Colonial New England
Colonial Virginia & West Virginia
Quakers & Mennonites
New Jersey Baptists
German Lutherans
Watauga Settlement
Pennsylvania Pioneers
Midwest Pioneers
Jewish Immigrants

©Roberta Tuller 2020
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