An American Family History

Jemima Stanhope Rutter

“Remember, remember always, that all of us, and you and I especially, are descended from immigrants and revolutionists."
― Franklin D. Roosevelt

Various spellings of Stanhope
Stanape, Stanup, Standhope, Stanhop, Stanop, and Stannup

Europeans who made the voyage to America faced a difficult journey of several months.
Early European settlers in the American colonies were mostly farmers and craftsmen. They had to work hard to provide daily neccesities for themselves.

Jemima Stanhope Rutter was born on June 24, 1665 in Sudbury, Middlesex County, Massachusetts. Her parents were Ensign Jonathan Stanhope, Sr. and Susannah Ayres.

She married Thomas Rutter on October 15, 1689. Thomas was born on April 5, 1650 in Sudbury. He was the son of John Rutter and Elizabeth Plympton.

Jemima and Thomas' children included:
Joseph Rutter (1690, died young)
Elizabeth Rutter (1690, died young),
Mary Rutter (1693),
Jemima Rutter (695, died young),
Anna Rutter (1698, died young),
Sarah Rutter (1701) and
Joseph Rutter ( 1703).

Thomas died after 1703. Jemima died on September 28, 1748.
Mary White Rowlandson,Talcot
was captured by Native Americans
during King Philip's War (1675-1676).
Children of
Ensign Jonathan Stanhope
and Susannah Ayer
  • Hannah Stanhope Jennings
  • Jonathan Stanhope, Jr.
  • Sarah Stanhope
  • Joseph Stanhope
  • Jemima Stanhope Rutter
  • Mary Stanhope
  • Rebecca Stanhope Hemenway
  • Old Style Calendar
    Before 1752 the year began on Lady Day, March 25th,. Dates between January 1st and March 24th were at the end of the year. Old Style (O.S.) and New Style (N.S.) are used to indicate whether the year has been adjusted. Often both dates are used.

    Middlesex County, Massachusetts was created on May 10, 1643. The county originally included Charlestown, Cambridge, Watertown, Sudbury, Concord, Woburn, Medford, Wayland, and Reading.
    It was common for bequests to include wearing apparel.



    In early New England towns policy was set by a board of 3 to 5 selectmen. They oversaw public responsibilities such as the policing, roads, and fences.

    King Philip’s War was a bloody and costly series of raids and skirmishes in 1675 and 1676 between the Native American people and the colonials. King Philip was the Native American leader Metacom.

    Genealogical and Personal Memoirs Relating to the Families of Boston and Eastern Massachusetts edited by William Richard Cutter published by Lewis Historical Publishing Company, 1908

    John Rutter, immigrant ancestor of the Sudbury family of this surname, born in England, 1616, came to America in the ship Confidence, sailing from Southampton, April 24, 1638, with other passengers who settled in Sudbury. Massachusetts. Rutter was listed with several other young men as "servants" of Peter Noyes, who was making his second trip, but tradition tells us that he was not really in the employ of Noyes, though many young men worked their passage and were called servants in the ship's papers. Rutter was a carpenter by trade. He settled in Sudbury,and was a proprietor of that town in 1640. He contracted with the selectmen February 17. 1642, to "sett, sawe, hew & frame" a house—the first meeting house. Several acres were given him by the town in acknowledgment of services, perhaps in connection with this contract. He was a selectman in 1675. He and his descendants resided for many years on South street. East Sudbury, (now Wayland) .... 

    John Rutter married, November 1, 1641, Elizabeth Plympton who came in the ship Jonathan in 1639. probably sister of Thomas Plimpton, of Sudbury, also called a servant of Peter Noyes, who was killed by the Indians in King Philip's war. She died May 5, 1689.

    1. Elizabeth, born October 6, 1642.
    2. John, born February 7, 1645; married March 12, 1690, Hannah Bush.
    3. Rebecca, born February 28, 1647.
    4. Thomas, born April 6, 1650; mentioned below.
    5. Joseph, born May 1, 1656; died March 17, 1691, at Sudbury.

    Thomas Rutter, son of John Rutter, was born in Sudbury, April 5. 1650. He married, October 15, 1689 Jemima Stanhope, born June 24, 1665, died September 28, 1748, he resided at Sudbury.

    Children, born there:
    1. Elizabeth, September 1, 1690.
    2. Mary, April 7. 1693.
    3. Jemima, December 2, 1695; married Joshua Heminway.
    4. Anna. May 22, 1698.
    5. Sarah, May 3, 1701.
    6. Joseph, mentioned below.

    Joseph Rutter, son of Thomas Rutter (2), was born at Sudbury, September 25, 1703. He married (possibly second wife), April 28, 1743, Mary Willard.

    Children, born in Sudbury:
    1. Mary, April 8, 1744.
    2. Eunice, October 5. 1745; died June 17. 1764.
    3. Thomas, born February 14, 1748; married June 24, 1773, Abigail Heard; was a soldier in the revolution.
    4. Joseph Jr.,
    5. Jemima, May 4, 1756.

    Sudbury in Middlesex County, Massachusetts was incorporated in 1639 with a population of 476. A major battle of the King Philip's War was fought in Sudbury in 1676.

    Lush forests in Colonial America allowed settlers to build wooden homes.

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    ©Roberta Tuller 2020
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