An American Family History

Polly Oxley Busby

Oxley is also spelled Owsley, Oxleigh and Oxly.
Indiana became a state in 1819. The north was settled by people from New England and New York, the center by people from the Mid-Atlantic states and Ohio, and the south by people from Southern states, particularly Kentucky and Tennessee.

In the Civil War (1861 to 1865) eleven Southern states seceded from the U.S. and formed the Confederate States of America.

Kentucky was originally a Virginia county and included the lands west of the Appalachians. In 1780, it was divided into Fayette, Jefferson, and Lincoln counties. Kentucky officially became a state on June 1, 1792.

Mary Oxley Busby was born about 1800 in Fleming County, Kentucky. Her parents were Eli and Margaret Oxley. The Oxley children were listed in an 1820 Fleming County, Kentucky deed.

She married Raleigh (Rawleigh) Busby on July 2, 1816 ir 1819 in Fleming County, Kentucky. Raleigh was born about 1798 in, Kentucky. He was probably the son of James Busby and Nancy Lewis.

Their children may have included:

daughter 1 (about 1822),
daughter 2 (about 1826),
William Busby (1825),
Eldridge E. Busby (1830, married Emily Downey),
Harry (Henry, Hiram?) Busby (1831),
Eveline Busby Turner (1834, married Robert Turner, her cousin Martha Oxley's widower),
Isaac Busby (1836, married Sophronia Senoner (Linover)),
John Busby (1837),
Anna Busby Abraham (1840, married George W. Abraham),
Raleigh Busby, Jr. (1843, married Mary Stone), and
Susan Busby (1845-maybe William's daughter).

William Busby aged over 80 living at Portsmouth, Ohio, on September 23, 1941, wrote;

I am the son of Eldridge Busby and Emily Downey. Father [Eldridge] had brothers Hiram, Henry and Raleigh Jr.

The four of them were sons of Raleigh Sr. who had a brother James, a soldier in the Revolution. [This isn't likely since Raleigh was born about 1800]

My three uncles Hiram, Henry and Raleigh Jr. all moved to Indiana, but have no information regarding any of their descendants.

At the time of the 1820 census they (Rawly Busby) were living in Bloomfield, Bath County, Kentucky. The household consisted of a man and a woman who were both between 16 and 25.

In 1830 they (Rolley Busby) were still in Bath. The household consisted of:

a boy under 5 - Eldridge
a girl under 5- daughter 2, age 4
2 boys between 5 and 9- Hiram, William
a girl between 5 and 9- daughter 1, age 8
a woman between 20 and 29- Polly
a man between 30 and 39-Raleigh

In 1840 they (Rawley Busby) were in Nicholas County, Kentucky. The household consisted of:

a boy under 5 - John
two boys between 5 and 9 - Isaac age 4?, Harry age 9
[Eveline age 6 not included]
a boy between 10 and 14 - Eldridge
a girl between 15 and 19 - daughter 2 age 16
a woman between 40 and 49 - Polly
a man between 40 and 49 - Raleigh.

In 1850 they were Bath County, Kentucky. The household consisted of Rolly age 52, Mary age 50, Harry age 19, Evaline age 16, Isaac age 14, John age 13, Ann age 11, Rolly age 6, William age 22 and Susan age 2. Rolly was working as a carpenter. Both Rolly and Mary were illiterate. Eldridge, age 21, was in the Myram North Household.

In 1860 they were in Clay, Dearborn County, Indiana. The household consisted of Rolley Busbay age 62, Mary age 60, Eveline age 26, Rolly age 17, Susan D. age 15 and Mancy Hanes age 22.

Eldridge enlisted in the Civil War in Company A, 53rd Infantry Regiment Kentucky.

In 1870 Mary Busby age 70 was still in Clay. She was living with William Busby age 43 and Lizzie age 16, Mary age 9, and Eva age 2. William was a carpenter.

Mary Busby born on June 5, 1800 and died on August 10, 1886 is buried in Oakdale Cemetery in Dillsboro, Dearborn County, Indiana in plot: W159-2.
Children of Margaret and Eli Oxley
  • William Oxley
  • Elizabeth Oxley Ricketts
  • Celia Oxley McDowell
  • Polly Oxley Busby
  • Prior Oxley
  • Samuel Oxley
  • Rachel Oxley
  • Eli Oxley, Jr.
  • Fleming County, Kentucky was established in 1798 from part of Mason County. Some of Fleming County was taken to form Floyd County in 1800 and Rowan County in 1856.

    Dearborn County, Indiana was first settled in the 1790's and officially organized in 1803. All or part of six other counties including Ohio and Switzerland were carved from the original Dearborn County.




    from A History of the Pioneer Familes of Missouri by Wm. S. Bryan and Robert

    Matthew Busby, of Ireland, was a weaver by trade. He came to America and settled first in Delaware, from whence he removed to Bath Co, Ky, at an early date.

    He had seven sons, one of whom,
    James [Busby], married Nancy Lewis, of Delaware, by whom he had eleven children—

    Amanda, and

    Lewis and James settled in Missouri. the former married Eliza McClannahan, of Kentucky, and settled in Missouri in 1835.


    The Weekly News-Review, June 23, 1905

    George Abraham Passes Away After Long Illness
    George Abraham one of Crawfordville's oldest and best known citizens passed away Saturday evening at the family residence on west Pike Street. Two years ago Mr. Abraham retired from business on account of failing health after having been engaged in the harness and carriage business continuously for twenty seven years. His demise was due to Bright's disease and while he had been declining for some months he was not taken to his bed until a week ago.

    Mr. Abraham was born April 7, 1833, at Dillsboro, Ind., and lived there until he was seventeen years of age when he went to Lawrenceburg and learned the saddler's trade. He went there to Owensville, Ky. where he remained until 1876 when he came to Crawfordsville.

    Mr. Abraham was married in Kentucky October 17, 1859 to Anna Busby who survives him together with two sons John Abraham of Cincinnati, and Frank Abraham of this city.

    Mr. Abraham took a deep interest in public affairs and was a good citizen, enjoying the esteem and confidence of the community at large. The funeral took place at the home his afternoon, Rev. Risner officiating. Interment at Oak Hill.

    Nephritis is an inflammation of the kidneys. It can be caused by an infection, but is most commonly caused by autoimmune disorders that affect major organs. It was called Bright's Disease.

    In 1810 there were 5 Busby families in Kentucky.

    James Busby Lexington, Fayette, Kentucky 13
    Mathew Busby Nicholas, Kentucky 11
    William Busby Nicholas, Kentucky 8
    James Busbey Jessamine, Kentucky 8
    John Busbey Stoner, Bourbon, Kentucky 6

    In 1820

    Isaac Busby Bloomfield, Bath, Kentucky 3

    Males - Under 10: 1
    Males - 16 thru 25: 1
    Females - 16 thru 25: 1

    James Busby Bloomfield, Bath, Kentucky 11

    Males - 10 thru 15: 3
    Males - 16 thru 18: 2
    Males - 16 thru 25: 2
    Males - 45 and over: 1
    Females - Under 10: 2
    Females - 16 thru 25: 2
    Females - 45 and over : 1

    Rawly Busby Bloomfield, Bath, Kentucky 2

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    ©Roberta Tuller 2020
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