An American Family History

Wheeler Family

  Also spelled:  
Maryland was established with religious freedom for Catholics. The colonial economy was based on tobacco cultivated by Africans who had been enslaved.

John Wheeler was born in 1630 in England.

He may have married Mary Cockshutt (Causine), but she seems to have married Henry Adams.

John Wheeler (1654),
James Wheeler (1656, married Elizabeth Theobald),
Mary Wheeler (1658),
Thomas Wheeler (1660),
Winnifred Wheeler (1663),
Ignatius Wheeler (1665), and
Francis Wheeler (1670).

Wheeler's Choice in Charles County was surveyed for him on August 23, 1662. It was 400 acres.

In 1684 John Wheeler, Sr. made Richard and Matthew Beard, sons of Richard Beard Jr., the reversionary heirs to Timberneck, so when he died, Timberneck reverted to Richard and Matthew.

American colonists continued to use British monetary units, namely the pound, shilling and pence for which £1 (or li) equalled 20s and 1s equalled 12d. In 1792 the dollar was established as the basic unit of currency.

James Wheeler was born on December 16, 1656, in Charles County, Maryland. He was the son of John and MaryWheeler.

He married Elizabeth Theobald Corker.

Elizabeth and James' children included:
Anne Wheeler (about 1687),
John Wheeler (about 1687), and
James Wheeler (about 1680).

In March, 1679 James sued Thomas Hussey for a debt of 400 pounds of tobacco. In December, 1680 he sued Thomas Hussey for execution on the earlier judgement. In April, 1681, John Hussey counter-sued James for 3,000 pounds of tobacco.

During Fendall's Rebellion in August, 1661

Whereupon Godfrey said he would goe to Church next Sonday, and gett what men he could there to joyne with those men he had already sent for to meete him in armes at Church that soe they might meete the troope at the head of Portobacco Creeke on Monday,

and then they would take Capt Randolph Brandt and tye him, and turne James Wheeler out of the troope, (they being the onely Roman Catholicks in the troope) that they might rescue ffendall, that he the sd Boyden came late to Church on Sonday purposely for feare of being engaged by Godfrey

Elizabeth died on May 11, 1682 in Charles County, Maryland.

After Elizabeth died, James married Catherine.

James died in December, 1684.

Catherine married Moses Jones. She passed away shortly after, and Moses Jones then married Elizabeth Jenkins.

James died in December, 1684.




from The Genealogical and Encyclopedic History of the Wheeler Family in America by Albert Gallatin Wheeler, American College of Genealogy

John Wheeler. He is the only original ancestor of the Maryland branch of the family of whom anything is known definitely. The time of his immigration and the place in Virginia to which he immigrated are matters of conjecture. The Maryland Archives show that a John Wheeler "denizated" in Maryland in the year 1662. . .

John Wheeler next appears in the Land Records of Maryland, Liber 5, folio 400, where it is recorded that Wheeler's Choice was surveyed for him on Aug. 23, 1662, and patented to him July 10, 1663. This property was situated in Charles County and consisted, according to the record of survey, of 400 acres. He was first a captain and then a major in the Maryland Militia of Charles County. Archives of Maryland, vol. 2, p. 551 states that he was granted 2000 lbs. of tobacco for services, he being mentioned at this time as "Captain."

In Council Proceedings, Maryland Archives vol. 7, p. 79, A. D. 1681, Major John Wheeler petitions for an allowance of charges in suing out mandamus on certain land. It is recorded in the Proceedings of the General Assembly, Oct. and Nov. 1683, Archives vol. 7, p. 611, that John Wheeler of Charles County was appointed Commissioner for Port Towns. In Council Proceedings for 1685 (Archives vol. 7, p. 386) Major John Wheeler is named Justice for Charles County, and (ibid. vol. 8, p. 7) the same person was appointed Commissioner of Court in Charles County in 1687. In proceedings of the General Assembly for 1689 Major John Wheeler is spoken of as belonging to the militia of Charles County. . .

It. I give unto my Grandson James Wheeler the son of my son James Wheeler deceased to him his heirs forever two hundred acres of land itt being another part of the five hundred acres aforesd beginning at the end of John Wheelers aforesd .

It. I give and bequeath unto my Grand Daughter Ann Wheeler the daughter of my son James Wheeler deceased one hundred acres of land it being the remainer part of the five hundred acres of land called Wheelers purchase the other fore hundred to be given to John Wheeler & James Wheeler to her and her heirs forever alsoe I give to my Gran Daughter Ann Wheeler one hundred and sixty five acres of land cauld Wheelers delight & if the sd. Ann Wheeler should dye without heirs of the body lawfully begotten therm to fall to Richard Wheeler the son of my son Thomas and his heirs forever together with one filey to be delivered at my death . . .

John Wheeler, born 1654.
James Wheeler, born Dec. 16, 1656.
Mary Wheeler, born March 22, 1658.
Thomas Wheeler, born March 18, 1660.
Winnifred Wheeler, born March, 1663.
Ignatius Wheeler, born May, 1665.
Francis Wheeler.

James Wheeler, son of John (9000). Born Dec. 16, 1656. He died before Nov. 11, 1693, the date of his father's will in which his children are spoken of as the children of "my son James Wheeler deed."

He married Katherine, who after his decease married for her second husband, Moses Jones. Children: (mentioned in their grandfather's will.)


James Wheeler 9.188 A CH £33.19.1 #13404 Aug 16 1686
The amount of the inventory is equivalent to #8149.
Payments to: Ignatius Warren, William Newman, William Dent, George Brent, Thomas Gavan, Thomas Hussy, Edward Rookard, Mrs. Mary Chandler, Cornelius Haddocks, Richard Harrison, Thomas Wheeler, Roger Dickenson, Humphrey Warren, Dr. John Lemair, John Wheeler, Ralph Shawe, Mr. Robert Doyne, Henry Hardy per receipt of Mr. Burford, Samuel Cockett, John Booker, Robert Taylour.
Executrix: Katharine Jones, wife of Moses Jones

James Wheeler 10.1 I £16.10.0 Mar 24 1687
Appraisers: John Clarke, John Godshall.

James Wheelar (planter) 10.364 A CH £16.10.0 #11340 (May 1693)
The amount of the inventory is equivalent to #3960.
Payments to: Joshua Wilkingson, Cornelious Maddock, Henry Maries, Joseph Gray, James Royston, Edward Rookewood, Hugh Aspitall, William Saunders, John Probert, Joseph Bullet, Capt. Phillip Hoskins, Robert Midleton,, Nicholas Nichollson, Thomas Frederick, John Posey, Thomas Jenkins, Phillip Lynes, John Gray, Richard Harrison, James Barret, John Cornish, Clebourne Lomax, John Clarke & John Godshall, Michaell Ashford, Capt. Philip Hoskins & Philip Lynes, John Pryor, John Martin, Richard Boughton, Robert Doyne, William Dent, Cornelious Maddock, Richard Newton, Maj. James Smallwood.
Mentions: Maj. John Wheelar & Moses Jones at difference on behalf of orphans (James and Anne).
Executrix: Katharine Jones (relict), deceased wife of Moses Jones.



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©Roberta Tuller 2020
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