An American Family History

Jonathan Lupton

Bucks County, Pennsylvania is one of three original Pennsylvania Counties and was formed in 1682. Originally it was a large territory that included all of what would later be Berks, Northampton, and Lehigh.

Lush forests in Colonial America allowed settlers to build wooden homes.

Opequon Creek is tributary of the Potomac River. It joins the Potomac northeast of Martinsburg and its source is at the foot of Great North Mountain. It is part of the boundary between Frederick and Clarke counties in Virginia and between Berkeley and Jefferson counties in West Virginia.

Jonathan Lupton was born about 1737 in Solbury, Bucks County, Pennsylvania. His parents were Joseph Lupton and Mary Scarborough.

He moved to Frederick County, Virginia with his family about 1740.

He married Sarah Fawcett. Sarah was born on April 24, 1741 in Virginia. Her parents were John Fawcett and Rebecca Ireson.

Jonathan Lupton, of Opeckon [Opequon] in the county of Frederick and Colony of Virginia, and Sarah Fawcett, daughter of John Fawcett of the county aforsaid; 23d day of 5th month, 1764; in a meeting at the house of John Fawcett.

Their children included:
Mary Lupton (1765),
John Lupton (1767, married Rachel Shinn),
Rebecca Lupton (1769),
Sarah Lupton (1771, died age 6),
Phoebe Lupton (1774, married David Fawcett, son of Thomas & Martha Fawcett),
Lydia Lupton (1777, married William Baylis Randolph),
Jonathan Lupton (1779),
Joseph Lupton (1782), and
Ruth Lupton (1786).

From Frederick County Road Orders

2 November 1763, Frederick County Order Book 11, p. 350
Jonathan Lupton is appointed overseer of the road Called the Southbranch road from the Town of Winchester to Hoge Creek in the room of Robert Pearis and It is ordered that the usual Tithables work thereon under him.

6 May 1766, Frederick County Order Book 13, p. 53
Richard Pearis is Appointed Overseer of the Road from Winchester to Hoge Creek in the Room of Jonathan Lupton It is Ordered that the usual Tithables work Thereon under him

4 August 1768, Frederick County Order Book 14 Part 1, p. 310
Jonathan Lupton is appointed overseer of the Road from the furnace to the Gap of the little mountain Ordered that the Tithables Three miles on each side & at the upper end Work thereon & under him

6 March 1770, Frederick County Order Book 14 Part 2, p. 585
Heronimus Baker Samuel Beam & Woolrick Sobinger having been appointed to Veiw the Ground from John Wisecarvers to Coopers Mill made their Report ordered that a Road be opened as Laid off by them and that the Tithables one mile on each side work thereon under Jonathon Lupton who is appointed overseer thereof

8 August 1770, Frederick County Order Book 14 Part 2, p. 670
Richard Fawcett sen.r is appointed overseer of the road from the Top of the Little Mountain to Marlbro furnace in the room of Jonathon Lupton. Ordered that the usual tithables work thereon under him.

It 1778 Jonathan pledged 3£ for

...the Benefit of the Indians, who were formerly the Native Owners of the Lands, on which we now live, or thire descendents if to be found, and if not for the service, & benefit of Other Indians....

Jonathan Lupton appeared in the 1782 census of Frederick County, Virginia in the list of Joseph Longacre. There were 8 members of the household. They were next to Richard, John and Joseph Fawcett.

Jonathan and Sarah Lupton moved to Ohio about 1806.

Jonathan died on April 23, 1819 in Warren, Jefferson County, Ohio.

Shays's Rebellion was an armed uprising in Massachusetts in 1786 and 1787. Daniel Shays led four thousand rebels (Shaysites) in rising up against perceived economic injustices.

Daniel Shays and Job Shattuck
from Bickerstaff's Boston Almanack

Frederick County, Virginia was formed in 1743 from Orange County. Old Frederick County included all or part of four counties in present-day Virginia: Shenandoah, Clarke, Warren, and Frederick, as well as five in present-day West Virginia: Hardy, Hampshire, Berkeley, Jefferson and Morgan.

A tithable was a person for whom a head tax was to be paid. The definition varies over time and place, but generally included members of the potentially productive labor force.
A poll tax is a tax levied on every poll. The definition of a poll also varied, but was generally a man of legal age.



European and indiginous American fought fierce battles as the Europeans expanded their territory.

Settlers often built log cabins as their first homes.

Most Americans were farmers in the 18th and early 19th centuries.

from Family History by C. C. Randolph

William Baylis Randolph . . .was born in Prince William county, Virginia, in 1778, and died in Columbiana county, Ohio, in 1863. His death was caused by a severe cold.

When he was three years old his parents . moved to Jefferson county, Kentucky. Shortly afterwards his mother and little brother were killed by the Indians, and his father took him back to Virginia, to his Uncle William Baylis, with whom he lived until he was of age to learn a trade. When he was ten years old he had a white swelling in his heel, which made him a cripple for life.

He learned the stone mason trade, and learned to talk Dutch from some of the masons he worked with. The man he served his apprenticeship with for three years to learn his trade was named William Gillum, and the agreement was that grandfather was to have fifty dollars and a freedom suit of clothes when the time was up. Gillum would not do as he had agreed to, and as grandfather kept asking him for the money and clothes, he made up his mind one day to whip grandfather at a blacksmith shop. Grandfather, though a cripple, was active and threw Gillum down and his face was cut by some cinders. The men at the shop interferred and would not let them fight, because grandfather was a cripple. Gillum then started to whip all of grandfather's relations. His uncles were old Revolutionary soldiers and they drew knives on Gillum. He then attacked Jack Baylis, a cousin of grandfather's, who was only eighteen years old. He would not fight until cornered up in a store, when he sprang at Gillum and knocked him down. Gillum got up and said, "You do very well for a boy, but I will learn you something." Jack Baylis said, "Let me alone, for I know now that I can whip you." Gillum came at him again and was knocked down and so kicked and bruised that he never got over it, dying about a year afterwards.

Jack Baylis was the son of William Baylis. He was somewhat inclined to be wild. He organized a company to go to the War of 1812, and the company was named The Yellow Boys, but we are not certain whether they went to the front.

In the summer of 1805 grandfather married Lydia Lupton, who was born in 1777, and died in 1829. About this time he visited southern Ohio in search of land. One night his feet were badly frozen. Another time he staid (sic) all night with a Dutchman, whose wife told her husband in Dutch to trade their blind horse to the stranger next morning. In the morning when the man wanted to trade horses grandfather said: "I must try riding your horse." He rode him into a brush heap, and then told the man in Dutch what his wife had told him the night before. The man said, "Why did you not tell us you understood Dutch?"

Grandfather hated the institution of slavery, and in the fall of 1805 he and his bride moved from Virginia to Lisbon, Ohio, where they arrived with seventy-five cents in money and a set of mason's tools. They located soon after on the old Randolph homestead, four miles west of Lisbon, which cost them $1.25 per acre and an immense amount of labor to clear part of it. Part of this land now belong to Peter Willard. Grandfather worked at his trade much of the time building old-fashioned fire places and chimneys for the settlers.

They endured many hardships. At one time they had nothing but beans in the house to eat. One day a wolf chased the cow and she ran and put her head in the door of the log house. One morning at three o'clock grandfather started to [the] mill with a sack of corn on his shoulder. As he was crossing the West Fork of Beaver a panther screamed in a thicket near him. His dog, which was half wolf, would not go near it. It was killed by hunters next day.

When he was working at his trade in Hanover he dreamed one night that his wife was lost in the woods. He went to sleep and dreamed the same thing a second time and a third time. He then borrowed a mule and went home. His wife had got lost while hunting the cows. She heard the wolves howl around her and at last she heard a dog bark and wandered up Cold Run creek, to where Charles Mason lived, and they brought her home.

Grandfather and a friend once bought a drove of sheep in southern Ohio. They wanted to move them on Sunday, but there was a very strict Presbyterian deacon living on the road, whom they were afraid might stop them, as the Sunday law was strict. Grandfather said, "We will fix the Deacon." When they got near his house he had his friend tie up his head and hang onto his saddle as though he was very sick. When the old Deacon came out grandfather left his friend behind and rode ahead of the sheep. The old Deacon said: "I want you to understand this is the Lord's day." Grandfather said,

I know it is, but nobody on the road will keep us over Sunday, but we knew you were such a good man you would keep us. The reason that nobody will keep us is because my friend and partner is taking the smallpox.

The old Deacon began to back off and yell, "Don't come near me; you can't stop here; you will have to go on; you can't stop here." And they went on, as ordered, and were glad to get away from the Deacon, and he seemed glad to see them go.

In 1824 there was what was called "The Great Hail- storm." Very large hail fell and many trees were blown down. Grandfather was out in a field and started to the house as the storm commenced; the wind caught and blew him along. He measured his tracks the next day in the plowed ground and found that in some places he had taken eighteen feet at a step.

In the time of slavery grandfather, and father, too, helped to carry on what was called the "Underground Railroad." They helped slaves to escape from the South to Canada.

Grandfather taught school In Virginia, and here also. He was well known all over the county, and some of his comic speeches were long remembered in the neighborhood. Long before the Rebellion he had predicted that slavery would cause this country to be soaked in blood.

He was very feeble for some years before his death. He remembered seeing his father kill the two Indians the time his mother and little brother were killed, and used to tell the story to father and Uncle John.

When he was young he used to hunt coons in Virginia with a pack of dogs and a negro boy. One night the dogs treed a wildcat and he thought it was a coon. The boy climbed up and shook the wildcat off a limb. It and the dogs rolled over and over in their fight, and in trying to get out of their way grandfather fell backwards over a log and wildcat and dogs rolled over him before he could get up. The wildcat escaped.

Grandfather was raised in the Church of England, but died a member of no church. Two years after his first wife's death he married the writer's grandmother, Deborah Carroll. He made but one trip back to Virginia from this state. Burn's "Highland Mary" was his favorite poem. He rests in Woodsdale cemetery.

Grandfather had one half-sister and one half-brother, besides the boy killed by the Indians.

The father of William B. Randolph was Thompson Randolph, who was the son of John and Anne Randolph. He was born May 30th, 1746, and died in 1826.

Smallpox is caused by of two viruses: Variola major and Variola minor. Symptoms include a rash and blisters. The mortality rate for V. major is 30–35% and for V. minor is about 1%. Long-term complications include scars, blindness, and limb deformities.
Slavery is an immoral system of forced labor where people are treated as property to be bought and sold. It was legal in the American Colonies and the United States until the Civil War.

Kentucky was originally a Virginia county and included the lands west of the Appalachians. In 1780, it was divided into Fayette, Jefferson, and Lincoln counties. Kentucky officially became a state on June 1, 1792.

Colonial Maryland
Colonial New England
Colonial Virginia & West Virginia
Quakers & Mennonites
New Jersey Baptists
German Lutherans
Watauga Settlement
Pennsylvania Pioneers
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Jewish Immigrants

©Roberta Tuller 2020
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