An American Family History

Captain John Lothrop

Scituate, Plymouth County, Massachusetts was settled in 1627 by Puritan colonists from Plymouth.

Early European settlers in the American colonies were mostly farmers and craftsmen. They had to work hard to provide daily neccesities for themselves.

Captain John Lothrop was born in Barnstable on February 9, 1644. His parents were were John Lothrop and Ann Hammond.   

He married Mary Cole on January 3, 1671/72 in Plymouth.  Mary was born December 3, 1653 in Scituate. Her parents were James Cole and Mary Tilson.

Their children included:
John Lothrop (1673),
Mary Lothrop Howland (1675),
Martha Lothrop (1677),
Elizabeth Lothrop Lewes (1679),
James Lothrop (1681),
Hannah Lothrop Cobb (1683),
Jonathan Lothrop (1684),
Barnabas Lothrop (1686),
Abigail Lothrop (1689),
Experience Lothrop (1692), and
Bathshua Lothrop (1696).

His second wife was Hannah, the widow of Dr. John Fuller. They married December 08, 1698.

Their children included: Phebe Lothrop Thacher (1701) and
Benjamin Lothrop (1704).

He died on September 17, 1727.

Old Style Calendar
Before 1752 the year began on Lady Day, March 25th,. Dates between January 1st and March 24th were at the end of the year. Old Style (O.S.) and New Style (N.S.) are used to indicate whether the year has been adjusted. Often both dates are used.

The children of John Lothrop
and Hannah Howse
  • Thomas Lothrop
  • Jane Lothrop Fuller
  • Anne Lothrop
  • John Lothrop
  • Barbara Lothrop Emerson
  • Samuel Lothrop
  • Thomas Lothrop
  • Captain Joseph Lothrop
  • Benjamin Lothrop
  • and Ann Hammond
  • the Honorable Barnabas Lothrop
  • Abigail Lothrop Clark
  • Bathsheba Lothrop Bale Marsh
  • Captain John Lothrop
  • Various spellings of Lothrop: Lathrop, Laythrop, Lothroppe, Lothropp, Lowthrop, Lowthropp.

    Plymouth (Plimouth or Plimoth) is in Plymouth County, Massachusetts and was the site of the colony founded in 1620 by the Mayflower passengers.




    from Genealogical Dictionary by James Savage, John Farmer, Orrando Perry Dexter

    John [Lothrop], Barnstable, youngest s. of the preced. m. 3 Jan. 1672, at Plymouth, Mary Cole, junr. had
    John, b. 5 Aug. 1673;
    Mary, 27 Oct. 1675;
    Martha, 11 Nov. 1677;
    Eliz. 16 Sept. 1679;
    James, 3 July 1681;
    Hannah, 13 Mar. 1683;
    Jonathan, 14 Nov. 1684;
    Barnabas, 22 Oct. 1686;
    Abigail, 23 Apr. bapt. 12 May 1689; and
    Experience, 7 Jan. bapt. 10 May 1692;
    and, perhaps, others;
    and he d. 17 Sept. 1727, in 85th yr. wh. proves that he was b. at Barnstable, unless fig. err.


    Any man entering a colony or becoming a a member the church, was not free. He was not forced to work, but his movements were carefully observed to see if they followed the Puritanical ideal. After this probationary period, he became a "freeman." Men then took the Oath of a Freeman where they vowed to defend the Commonwealth and not to overthrow the government.

    A Puritan was a member of the religious group in the 16th and 17th centuries that advocated "purity" of worship and doctrine who believed in personal and group piety. Puritans were persecuted in England and came to America so they would be free to practice their religion.

    The Early Genealogies of the Cole Families in America by Frank Theodore Cole

    James Cole (James1). The oldest son of James Cole, the Plymouth inn-keeper was probably born in England and came to the colony when a boy with his father. The date of his birth was probably about 1625, as he is on the list of those able to bear arms in 1643, together with his younger brother Hugh.

    He married December 23, 1652, Mary Tilson, at Scituate, and there his oldest child was born.

    Deane says that he soon removed from Scituate to York, Maine, and perhaps in 1654 to Kennebec, for among the inhabitants of Kennebec who took the oath of fealty to Plymouth colony, May 23, 1654, was James Cole.

    If he did go to Maine, he returned, for in 1656 he was chosen surveyor of highways for Plymouth. He held that office again in 1678 and 1685.

    In May, 1665, he was presented by the Grand Jury, and fined 3s. 4d., for striking Robert Rawson; but the record states that the court, considering the great provocation given, and the generally peaceful character of the defendant, remitted the fine. (Col. Rec. iv-88). In October of that same year he was one of the appraisers of the estate of Nicholas Miller, alias Hodge, and his name appears on the record several times as serving on petit and coroners' juries. About the beginning of 1670 he took his father's business, as innkeeper, and in June of that year his excise tax was abated by the court, as he was a new beginner. In 1673, his tax was abated one-half, and in 1677 remitted altogether. His name appears in the freeman's list of 1670.

    The children of James, Jr. and Mary (Tilson) Cole, were:

    i. Mary, b. in Scituate, Dec. 3, 1653. She m. John Laythrop, (the youngest son of the Rev. John Laythrop, the first minister of Scituate, (1635), and afterwords of Barnstable, 1639, where he d. Nov. 8, 1653,) b. at Barnstable Feb. 9, 1645, m. at Plymouth, Jan. 3, 1672, d. Sept. 17, 1727. Their children were:

    ( i.) John Laythrope, b. Aug. 5, 1673.
    ( ii.) Mary Laythrope, b. Oct. 27, 1675.
    ( iii.) Martha Laythrope, b. Nov. 11, 1677.
    ( iv.) Elizabeth Laythrope, b. Sept. 16, 1679.
    ( v.) James Laythrope, b. July 3, 1681.
    ( vi.) Hannah Laythrope, b. Mar. 13, 1683.
    (vii.) Jonathan Laythrope, b. Nov. 14,1684.
    (viii.) Barnabas Laythrope, b. Oct. 22, 1686.
    ( ix.) Abigail Laythrope, b. Apr. 23, 1689.
    ( x.) Experience Laythrope, b. Jan. 7, 1692.
    and perhaps others.

    5. ii. Ephraim, b. probably while his father lived in York or in the Kennebec region.

    6. iii. Nathaniel, b. in Me. probably

    King Charles I ruled England from March 27, 1625 to 1649.
    American colonists continued to use British monetary units, namely the pound, shilling and pence for which £1 (or li) equalled 20s and 1s equalled 12d. In 1792 the dollar was established as the basic unit of currency.
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