Bound children were indentured servants whose master provided training in a craft, board, lodging, and clothes for seven years or until the child came of age.
American colonists continued to use British monetary units, namely the pound, shilling and pence for which £1 (orli) equalled 20s and 1s equalled 12d. In 1792 the dollar was established as the basic unit of currency.
Gabriel and Anne's children were:
Ivea Fox Allen (1758, married David Allen) and William Fox (June 8, 1759, married Sarah Hutton and Jemima Vause).
Ann died in 1762.
He was granted 48 acres in Loudoun County in 1769, Virginia on the drains of Broad Run. He was to pay an annual rent of one shilling on the feast day of St. Michaels. He appeared in the census lists of Loudoun County for 1769, 1771, and 1772.
In 1778, he and his son, William, witnessed an indenture between the Foxes and Jonas Clapman. Jonas paid them 800£ for 500 acres in Loudoun County.
The family later moved to Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia (now West Virginia). Gabriel appeared in the census lists of Hampshire County in 1782.
He wrote his will on February 26, 1798 and it was proved on December 15, 1799. His son, William, received his carpenter tools. It named his grandsons William and John Allen and granddaughters Margaret Allen and Ivea Fox. The will directed his wife to care for and educate Malen Lewis who was probably an apprentice or indentured servant. The witnesses were Edward Ryan, James Clark, Richard Jenking and David Allen. The securities were Andrew Wodrow and Samuel Parsons. From Hampshire County, Virginia: Synopsis of Wills.
A tanner treats animal skins to produce leather. After the tanning process, the currier dresses, finishes and colors the tanned hide.
Hunterdon County was originally part of Burlington County, West Jersey. It was set off from Burlington County on March 11, 1714. It included Amwell, Hopewell, and Maidenhead Townships.
Kingwood Township is on the western border of Hunterdon County, New Jersey. It was founded in 1798.
Loudoun County is part of Northern Neck of Virginia.
Settling of the Loudoun area began between 1725 and 1730. Settlers came from Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Maryland.
The Dutch were the first Europeans claim land in New Jersey. The region became a territory of England in 1664 when an English fleet sailed into New York Harbor and took control of Fort Amsterdam.
Seals were used to authenticate documents and men were expected to have a personal die. Records in deed books are copies and signatures are usually in the clerk’s handwriting. The clerk drew a circle around the word “seal” to indicate that the original document was sealed.
from Virginia Northern Neck Grants I, p. 167
Library of Virginia Digital Collection: Land Office Grants, Northern Neck Series
The Right Honourable Thomas Lord Fairfax Baron of Cameron in that Part of Great Britain called Scotland Proprietor of The Northern Neck of Virginia
To all to whom this present Writing shall come sends Greeting ~
Know ye That for good Causes for an in Consideration of the Composition to me paid and for the annual Rent hereinafter reserved I have given granted and confirmed and by these Presents for me my Heirs and Assigns do give grant and confirm unto Gabriel Fox of Loudoun County A Certain Tract of Waste and ungranted Land on the Drains of Broad Run in the said County bounded as by a Survey thereof made by John Hough
Beginning At a Hiccory and a Red Oak Saplings Corner to William Boyle and Thomas Stone in a Line of Samson Turley and extending with Turley's Line So.20°Et. Ninety five Poles to two Red Oak Saplings in a Line of Catesby Cocke,
Then with the said Line No.72°Et. One hundred and eighteen Poles to a Hiccory Sapling near a marked Red Oak on the East Side of a Drain in a Line of Anthony Russell,
Then with his Line No.8°Et. Twenty eight Poles to a marked White Oak near the said Drain Corner to the said Russell and James Spencer and then with Spencer's and Stone's Line No.82°Wt. One Hundred and fifty Poles to the Beginning Containing Forty eight Acres
Together with all Rights Members and Appurtenances thereunto belonging Royal Mines excepted and a full Third Part of all Lead Copper Tin Coals Iron Mine and Iron Ore that shall be found thereon
To have and to hold the said Forty eight Acres of Land together with all Rights Profits and Benefits to the same belonging or in any wise appertaining Except before excepted ~ To him the said Gabriel Fox his Heirs and Assigns forever
He the said Gabriel Fox his Heirs and Assigns therefore Yielding and Paying to me my Heirs or Assigns or to my Certain Attorney or Attornies Agent or Agents or to the Certain Attorney or Attornies of my Heirs or Assigns Proprietors of the said Northern Neck Yearly and every Year on the Feast Day of St. Michael the Archangel the Fee Rent of One Shilling Sterling Money for every Fifty Acres of Land hereby granted and so proportionably for a greater or lesser Quantity
Provided that if the said Gabriel Fox his Heirs and Assigns shall not pay the said reserved annual Rent as aforesaid so that the same or any Part thereof shall be behind and unpaid by the Space of two whole Years after the same shall become due If legally demanded that then it shall and may be lawful for me my Heirs or Assigns Proprietors as aforesaid my or their Certain Attorney or Attornies Agent or Agents into the above granted Premises to reenter and hold the same so as if this Grant had never passed
Given at my Office in the County of Frederick under my Hand and Seal
Dated the First Day of June 1769
The rod or perch or pole is a surveyor's tool equal to 5 1⁄2 yards.
Guardianship is when a court gives an adult custody of a child and/or the responsibility of managing the child's property. Before women could own property, guardians were appointed for their minor children if their husband died.
9th/10th Oct 1769 Deed Book G
Indenture between Amos Fox and Gabriel Fox for land purchased by Amos Fox of Samuel Oldham and Martha his wife by deed bearing date 18 Aug 1764.....
1 May 1774 Deed Book K
Indenture between Gabriel Fox and Ann his wife and Amos Fox for land which Amos Fox had purchased from Samuel Oldham and his wife Martha bearing date 18 Aug 1764, which said Oldham purchased from Thomas Johnston and Elizabeth his wife of county of Caroline by deed bearing date 28 Jun 1749.
beginning at white oak for a corner by Difficult Run......
part of the same in Parish of Cameron and the other part in Parish of Truro in County of Fairfax.
from Early Records, Hampshire County, Virginia: Now West Virginia,
August 11, 1785
Castleman, Jacob of Hampshire County
to William Fox of Hampshire County
100 a. on South Branch;
rec. 11- 8-1785
Wit.: Sam Dw, Priz. Drew, Enoch Berry, David Corbin, Gabriel Fox