The town of Ipswich was established on August 5, 1634, from common land called Agawam. On October 18, 1648, that portion called the "Village" at the New Meadows was set off as Topsfield. The boundary line between Ipswich and Topsfield was established, February 28, 1694.
Boston was founded in 1630 by Puritan settlers from England.
Rowley, Essex County, Massachusetts was first settled in 1639.
Rebecca (Rebekah) Bradstreet Bonfield was born about 1639 in Ipswich (now Rowley), Essex County, Massachusetts. Her parents were Humphrey and Bridget Bradstreet.
In 1655 she received 40 pounds from her father's will. She was 16 years old and chose Joseph Jewett as her guardian. Her mother was not made her guardian because in 17th century colonial America women did not have full civil rights.
She married, fisherman, George Bonfield (Bondfield, Bonfeild) on April 13, 1657 in Marblehead. George was born in 1638 in Marblehead where they made their home.
Their children included:
George Bonfield (1658),
Martha Bonfield (1660),
Mary Bonfield (1662),
Jemima Bonfield (1666),
Sarah Bonfield (1666) and
Rebecca Bonfield (1668).
In 1666 Sarah inherited a black serge petticoat, shawl? (baring chulh), a pewter dish, and the two best iron pots from her grandmother, Bridget Bradstreet.
In 1673 George and Rebecca were sued by for slander by her sister, Martha, and her husband.
She died on April 30, 1687 and George died in 1709. Rebecca was buried on the Old Burial Hill in Marblehead, Massachusetts with her son George.
ye BODY OF
ye SON OF GEORGE
AGED 19 YEARS
ye 3 1690/1
A Puritan woman's clothing consisted of underpants, stockings, linen, shift, petticoat, chemise (underblouse), bolster (a padded roll tied around the hips under the skirt), bodice, skirt, apron, coif (cap), outer gown and shoes.
A woman might wear a ruff or bow and an apron. Cloaks were worn instead of coats. Women carried a small cloth draw-string bag or reticule and perhaps wore a chatelaine.
Old Style Calendar
Before 1752 the year began on Lady Day, March 25th,. Dates between January 1st and March 24th were at the end of the year. Old Style (O.S.) and New Style (N.S.) are used to indicate whether the year has been adjusted. Often both dates are used.
Marblehead, Essex County, Massachusetts was first settled in 1629 and incorporated in 1649. It was originally a fishing village. Before the Revolution it was home base for privateers who plundered European ships.
Guardianship is when a court gives an adult custody of a child and/or the responsibility of managing the child's property. Before women could own property, guardians were appointed for their minor children if their husband died.
Mister ( Mr.) was derived from master and Mrs. and Miss were derived from mistress. They indicated people of superior social status in colonial America.
Records and Files of the Quarterly Courts of Essex County, Massachusetts: 1672-1674 published by Essex Institute, 1916
Court Held At Salem, September 9, 1673,
Judges: Mr. Samll. Simonds, Deputy Govr., Major Daniell Denison and Major Wm. Hathorne.
Wm. Beale and Martha, his wife v. George Bonfeild and Rebecka, his wife, in behalf of themselves and children. Slander. Withdrawn.
Writ: William Beale, and wife Martha v. George Bonfield, and wife Rebecka; slander, for themselves and their children maliciously raising and commonly reporting several pernicious and false slanders on him and Martha, his wife, on set purpose to provoke them; dated 17-9-1673; signed by Hilliard Veren't for the court; and served by Henry Skerry, marshal of Salem, by attachment of house and land of defendant.