Loudoun County is part of Northern Neck of Virginia.
Settling of the Loudoun area began between 1725 and 1730 while it was owned by
Lord Fairfax. Settlers came from Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Maryland.
For more than two centuries, agriculture, especially growing tobacco, was the dominant way of life in Loudoun County.
Cattle were vital to a household and an important legacy.
Unweaned cattle are calves.
Female cattle are heifers and cows (had a calf).
Male cattle are steers (castrated) and bulls.
Oxen are trained draft animals and are often castrated adult male cattle.
Temperance Fox was born about 1769 in Pennsylvania according to the 1850 mortality index.
Grandma Temprence died at 83. She lived in a cabin, by herself,
four miles from Hamilton. She smoked a pipe as did most of the older ladies of
southern Ohio. One time, for a prank, I gave her a high‐strung horse to ride home
from a visit. She was then over eighty, but mastered the animal as well as any man.
Her children persuaded her not to ride the horse again.
on the way [to Ohio], her [Mary Fox's] father [Bonham] was taken sick and her mother [Temperance], unaided, managed the boat and took care of the young children and stock, landing below Cincinnati. In passing the site of that city, she was offered a hundred acres of land along the river, where the city is now built, for a barrel of whiskey, but declined the trade.
She became a widow when her husband died in September, 1825. Temperance was the administratrix of her husband's estate. According to the probate records she received the items in the lists below. Married women at that time could not own property in their own names.
Separate schedule of the property that is allowed by law to the widow to wit
2 bed and bedding
All the yarn in possession
pots or kettles
His wear Apearel
One year provison
One hefer for Beef
One seventy five busel of corn
A Separate Schedule of the fifteen Dollars
allowed the widow by law to wit
One old axe
One smooing (sic) iron
One pair of sheepshears
One coffy pot
One tin bucket
[A trammel is a shackle used to teach a horse to amble]
One pair of gears
John Walker Mark
John Y. Eckles
She was listed in the 1830 census in Rossville, St. Clair , Butler County. She was between 60 and 70.
She was not listed as a head of household in the 1840 census.
She died in April, 1850 in St. Clair Township, Butler County, Ohio.
During the 17th and 18th centuries an adult unmarried woman was considered to have the legal status of feme sole, while a married woman had the status of feme covert. A feme sole could own property and sign contracts. A feme covert was not recognized as having legal rights and obligations distinct from those of her husband and could not own any property. When a woman became a widow she became a feme sole again.
The first Europeans settled in the Northwest Territory in 1788. The Miami Company managed settlement in the southwest and the Connecticut Land Company managed settlement in the northeast. Migrants came from New York and New England. Ohio was admitted to the Union as the 17th state on March 1, 1803.
Allegheny County ss. On the 14th day of November A.D. 1832
personally appeared before me John M. Snowden, Register for the probate
of wills in and for said county, George Morrison, James Trunick &
William McKindlay the three subscribing witnesses to the foregoing will
who being solemnly sworn according to law deposeth and saith that they
were present and saw and heard John Dickerson the testator sign, seal,
publish, pronounce and declare the foregoing instrument of writing to be
as and for his last will and testament and that at the time of his so
doing he was of perfect and sound mind, memory and understanding
according to the best of their knowledge, observation and belief. Given
under my hand the day and date aforesaid
John M. Snowden