An American Family History


Carriger Family


Carter County, Tennessee was organized from Washington County on April 9, 1796. Elizabethton is the county seat.

Godfrey Carriger was born March 7, 1732 in Germany.

He was a Revolutionary War soldier.

His wife was Margaret Anspach.

Nicholas Carriger (1761, married Catherine Millard),
Michael Carriger (1764),
Leonard Carriger (1766),
Godfrey Carriger, Jr. (1769, married Elizabeth Lovelace Crawley, widow of William Crawley).
Elizabeth Carriger (1771, married John Nave),
Henry Carriger (1774),
John Carriger (1777),
Christian Carriger (1779, married Lavicy Ward).

They moved to the Watauga Settlement in 1782 from Brunswick County, Pennsylvania and apparently brought six wagon loads of supplies which included fine furniture, an iron cook stove (the first in the territory), over $35,000 dollars in gold, and a number of enslaved people. They settled in the area that would become Carter County, Tennessee.

The 1792 and 1794 tax rolls in Washington County show that the Carriger family owned many acres.


The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783) was between the Kingdom of Great Britain and the 13 colonies which became the newly formed United States.








In the War of 1812 (1812-1815) the United States declared war on England because of trade restrictions, impressment, and British support for Indian attacks. They signed the Treaty of Ghent on December 24, 1814 after reaching a stalemate.

from Carter County, Tennessee and Its People

Godfrey Carriger (German spelling: Godfried Kercher) was born March 7, 1732 and died October 8, 1811. He was a Revolutionary War soldier who came to the Watauga Settlement in 1782 from Brunswick County, PA.

His wife was Margaret Hanspaugh.

Carriger was on one of the wealthiest men in the area. He brought from Pennsylvania six wagon loads of supplies which included fine furniture, an iron cook stove, the first in the territory, over $35,000 dollars in gold, and a number of slaves. The 1792 tax roll shows Carriger owning nearly 3,000 acres of land, which reached from the mouth of Stoney Creek to Winner Community

During the 1790s Carriger prepared the roll for his community and returned it to the office in Jonesborough. He was overseer of the wagon road from Sycamore Shoals, through his property to the foot of the Holston Mountain Godfrey and his sons appear to have been experienced iron workers, and they were instrumental in developing this industry on Stoney Creek which continued until 1891.

The Carrigers were also involved in county and state politics. A Tennessee historical marker in the Hunter Community is a reminder of this industrious German family. On the Carriger property where Stoney Creek empties into Watauga River, was a loading ramp known as Carriger's Landing During times of high water Gunnel boats were loaded with iron bars, grain, ginseng roots and cured pork packed in barrels for shipment to towns downstream.

Carriger's Landing
Here, where Stony Creek empties into Watauga River, corn, wheat, wrought iron etc., were loaded on flat boats for shipment in the late 1700's and early 1800's. Western emigrants also embarked here. The brick house nearby was built by Christian Carriger, son of the original settler; Godfrey Sr. (Historic Marker at Carriger's Landing, Hunter Community)

The Bible record of the Carriger family was entered in German. It was translated in 1845 and showed the following eight children:

1. Nicholas Carriger (b 28 Feb., 1761). Records show that he served jury duty, made bond for the sheriff in 1797 and owned 450 acres in 1796.
2. Michael Carriger (27 April, 1764-d. 1809). The tax roll of 1796 shows him on 750 acres in Watauga Valley. One of his daughters [Nancy Ann] was married to Caleb Cox.
3. Leonard Carriger (b. 3 Jan., 1766).
4. Godfrey Carriger, Jr. (b. 13 May, 1769- 1827). He was Register of Deeds (1796-1827); served as Constable; was a Major in the Revolutionary War. He donated land for the first school at Hunter in 1800 where he owned 320 acres including the Carriger homeplace. He married Elizabeth Lovelace Crawley, widow of William Crawley. Two sons were born to this union, Jackson D. Carriger and Allen T. Carriger, both of whom were Unionists during the Civil War.
5. Elizabeth Carriger (b. 14 Feb., 1771). 1797 she married John Nave...
6. Henry Carriger (b. 26 Feb., 1774).
7. John Carriger (b. 14 Feb., 1777).
8. Christian Carriger (b. 28 July 1779). Christian was a Colonel in the War of 1812, where he served under John Fremont. He built the first brick house in Carter County in the Hunter Community and server two terms in the Tennessee General Assembly. In 1846 he moved to Missouri for a while and then set out for California, but died enroute and was buried in the Rocky Mountains.


Teter Nave

The Holston River flows from Kingsport to Knoxville.
map by Kmusser
1844 John Cariger et al. v. Christian Cariger, exe. Carter Estate Dispute Add. Plaintiffs: Jesse Humphreys, Elisha Humphreys, & John Humphreys. Estate of Godfrey Carriger (dec.) disputed among heirs. Property includes land and chattel.


Colonial Maryland
Colonial New England
Colonial Virginia & West Virginia
Quakers & Mennonites
New Jersey Baptists
German Lutherans
Watauga Settlement
Pennsylvania Pioneers
Midwest Pioneers
Jewish Immigrants

©Roberta Tuller 2019
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