An American Family History


The Doty Family


Piscataway Township in New Jersey was first settled in 1666 by Quakers and Baptists who had left the Puritan colony in New Hampshire.

Azariah Doty was born on February 18, 1744/1745 in Piscataway, Middlesex County, New Jersey. His parents were Isaac Doty and Mary Reno/Reneau.

Bowser Doty (1767),
Susannah Doty (1774),
Nancy Ann (1778),
Isaac Doty (1780),
Enoch Doty (1783),
Mary (Polly) Doty (1785),
Sarah (Sally) Doty (1788),
Hannah Doty (1791),
Ephraim Doty (1795), and
Jesse Doty (1798, married Rebecca Humbird).

The family was in Rowan/Burke, North Carolina between 1774 and 1780.

Azariah received a land grant on the south fork of Horse Camp Fork of Lick Creek.

In 1783, he appeared on tax list of Greene County, Tennessee.

The Brooklyn Daily Eagle 
(Brooklyn, New York)
25 Oct 1850

The Sumter Banner 

(Sumter, South Carolina)
16 Oct 1850

The Dutch were the first Europeans claim land in New Jersey. The region became a territory of England in 1664 when an English fleet sailed into New York Harbor and took control of Fort Amsterdam.


Greene County, Tennessee developed from the Nolichucky settlement. It was formed in 1783 from part of the original Washington County, North Carolina.

Alpheus Doty was born in Greene County, Tennessee on March 21, 1824. He was the son of Jesse Doty and Rebecca Humbird

He married Sarah Thompson. Sarah was the daughter of Alexander Thompson and Mary Jones.

Francis M. Doty (1845),
Jesse James Doty (1847),
Rebecca Jane Doty(1850, John T. Smith),
John C. Doty (1854, married Edna M. Smith).



The Mayflower made the voyage from England to America in 1620 with 102 passengers.

from New England Families, Genealogical and Memorial, Volume 3 edited by William Richard Cutter

Edward Doty came in the Mayflower in 1620, a London youth in the service of Stephen Hopkins, and was fortieth signer of the "Mayflower" compact...

the younger son in common with all others under the laws of England was obliged to serve his apprenticeship of seven years in order to earn his rights of citizenship. This was Edward Doty's situation when he entered the service of Stephen Hopkins and occupied the same

position socially as that of any other member.

He was of the party that set forth to explore the country, December 6, 1620. That Doty and his fellow-apprentice were not at that time thoroughly Puritanic in their views may be judged from the fact that they fought a duel. But a small part of the English people had come to disapprove of the duel, but the Pilgrim fathers saw fit to punish the combatants.

They fought with swords and daggers and one was wounded in the hand, the other in the thigh. They were adjudged by the whole company

to have their head and feet tied together, and so to be for twenty-four hours, without meat and drink: which is begun to be inflicted, but within an hour, because of their great pains, at their own and their master's humble request, upon promise of better carriage, they are released by the Governor.

His later disputes he took to court, and we find his name appearing often as plaintiff or defendant in the civil court. In 1624 he was granted land on Watson Hill. Plymouth, for a home lot. He had joined the church and was admitted a freeman before March 7, 1636-37. One of the first deeds at Plymouth on record is dated July 12, 1637, Edward Doty to Richard Derby. Doty signs with a mark. He had many real estate transactions and his rates show that he was in later life a man of property. His occupation is given as planter, indicating that he did not find much opportunity to follow his trade. In 1652 he was one of the purchasers of the Dartmouth tract. The name of his first wife is unknown.

Governor Bradford tells us that Faith Clarke, daughter of Thurston Clarke, was his second wife. They were married at Plymouth, January 6, 1634. He died at Plymouth, August 23, 1655. His will was dated May 20, 1655, proved November 21, 1655, bequeathing to his wife and children, mentioning Edward only by name. His widow Faith married (second) March 14, 1666, John Phillips, of Plymouth.

The oldest house in Plymouth is the Doten house; the oldest wharf was named for Doty—Doten. Faith Clarke was born in 1619, daughter of Thurston and Faith Clarke. They came from Ipswich. Suffolk, England, in the ship Francis in 1634. His name is also spelled Tristram Clarke.

Children of Edward and Faith (Clarke) Doty:
Edward, 1637;
John, 1639/40;
Thomas ; Samuel;
Desire, 1645,
Isaac, February 8, 1648-49,
Joseph, April 30, 1651;

Europeans who made the voyage to America faced a difficult journey of several months.

from Doty-Doten Family in America: Descendants of Edward Doty

James Doty, son Samuel Doty and Jane Harman, b. Piscataway, N. J,, Sept. 17, 1686; m. there, Sept. 16, 1712, Phebe Slater, b. there, July 28, 1693, dau. Edward Slater and Elizabeth Bonham.

In the town records of Piscataway, N. J., now at Dunellen, N. J., appears under the date of Jan. 2, 1709, the cattle mark of "James Dote," the entries of his brother's mark being at different dates in the same book.

1710. "James Dote " was made Freeman...

3296. i. Mary, b. Piscataway, May 23, 1713.
3297. ii. Elizabeth, b. Piscataway, Oct. 12, 1714.
3298. iii. Esther, b. Piscataway, Jan. 4, 1716-7.
3299. iv. Edward, b. Somerset Co., N. J., May 27, 1718: paid to have d. without heirs.
3300. v. James, b. Piscataway, Jan. 19, 1719 20.
3301. vi. Benjamin, b. Piscataway, May 17, 1721.
3302. vii. Benajan, b. Piscataway, about 1723.

East Tennessee is part of Appalachia. At the end of the French and Indian War, colonists began drifting into the area. In 1769, they first settled along the Watauga River. During the Revolution, the Overmountain Men defeated British loyalists at the Battle of Kings Mountain. The State of Franklin was formed in the 1780s, but never admitted to the Union.

During the American Revolution a Tory or Loyalist was used in for those who remained loyal to the British Crown.

State of Tennessee, Greene County.
September 1832
On the 5th day of September 1832 ...

Azariah Doty a resident of Greene County, Tennessee aged eighty‑seven years ...

that in the year 1775 he was a citizen of Burke County, North Carolina which was at that time a frontier county and lay under the mountain and was frequently annoyed by the Cherokee Indians and in consequence of which a portion of the citizens were left to save the frontier settlement,

that in the year 1775 he volunteered on the 1st of July and went under Sergeant Latham and Capt. Moon and scouted through Burke County to keep down the Tories and keep off the Indians and was kept in that employment first under one officer and then under another one and at other times employed not under any officer

until some time in October when the Indians turned their attention to some other section of country or at least became less troublesome to that neighborhood which service consisted of not less than three months he states that he received no written exchange for his service that he was only dismissed,

he states that he then moved to Washington County, North Carolina thats now Greene County, Tennessee where he has since resided,

he states that in September 1781 about the first of the month he was drafted to serve a three months tour to the South he was enrolled in Washington County then North Carolina now Greene County, Tennessee under Colonel Sevier, Capt. John Patterson, Sergeant Flippen and was marched to the Santee Swamp by way of Morgantown, ?, Camden, through the high hills of Santee to the Santee Swamp when he joined General Marion when a scouting party took some British prisoners and brought them to the swamp.

He states that Colonel Moon was also at that place with Marion. He states that his company was mustered, he states that he remained at that place until the term of three months had expired when they were discharged verbally and returned back to Washington then North Carolina after having served the full term of three months.

He states he was not in any battle during his tour, he states that he served frequent short tours after parties of Indians the summer following none of which was more than two weeks, one of which tours he volunteered under Capt. Wilson and was marched to French Broad River after the Cherokee Indians which tour was about one week,

shortly after he volunteered in Washington County as before under Capt. Wear and was marched to Little River now Blount County, Tennessee, and returned home and then was verbally discharged by the said Capt. Wear after having served a tour of two weeks and many other short tours he served.

He stated that he served in all ten months and three weeks during the War of the Revolution as above stated. He states he is a citizen of Greene County, Tennessee, he has no documentary evidence, and that he knows of no person whose testimony he can prove, who can testify to his service, he states there is no resident minister of the Gospel in his neighborhood.He hereby relinquishes every claim whatsoever to a pension or anuity except the present and declares that his name is not on the pension roll of the agency of any state.

Sworn to me and subscribed this day and year aforesaid.
Azariah X Doty

The Cherokeewere indigenous people who lived in the southern Appalachian mountains. European Americans called their towns in eastern Tennessee, the Overhill Towns. The towns included Chota, Tellico and Tanasi.

In 1776, the Cherokee planned to drive settlers out of the Washington District. The settlers were warned and stopped the first attack at Heaton's Station. The second attack was stopped at Fort Watauga. In response to these attacks, the militia burned Tuskegee and Citico.

In 1780, while the militia was away at the Battle of Kings Mountain, the Cherokee raided the setttlements. When the militia returned, Colonel John Sevier's men defeated the Cherokee at Boyd's Creek and destroyed most of the remaining towns.


from Doty-Doten Family in America: Descendants of Edward Doty

Alpheus Doty, son Jesse Doty and Rebecca Humbird, b. Greene Co., Tenn., March 21. 1824; m. there, Sarah Thompson, dau Alexander Thompson and Mary Jones. They live Rheatown, Tenn.
i. Francis M., b. July 16, 1845; lives Jameson, Mo.
ii. Jesse James, b. Nov. 28, 1847.
iii. Rebecca Jane, b. Jan. 6, 1850; not m.; lives Rheatown.
iv. Mary Ann, b. March 2, 1852; m. John T. Smith; live Rheatown.
v. John C, b. March 14, 1854; [married Edna M. Smith] lives Rheatown.

Colonial Maryland
Colonial New England
Colonial Virginia & West Virginia
Quakers & Mennonites
New Jersey Baptists
German Lutherans
Watauga Settlement
Pennsylvania Pioneers
Midwest Pioneers
Jewish Immigrants

©Roberta Tuller 2019
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