An American Family History

The Crouch Family of Washington County, Tennessee

Washington County, Tennessee,was established in 1777 as Washington County, North Carolina. From 1784 to 1788,it was part of the State of Franklin.

John Crouch was born about 1720 King George County, Virginia. His parents were Joseph Crouch and Ann Reeds.

He married Sarah Barbary about 1749. Their children included:
Joseph Crouch (1749),
John Crouch (1756, married Mary Webb, Christine McInturff, and Elizabeth Jenkins),
Jesse Crouch( 1760, married Mary Nance),
James Crouch (1768, married Agnes Denton, daughter of Isaac Denton),
Elijah Crouch ( 1770, married Mary Ellis), and
Martha (Patsy) Crouch (1772 married George Noland and Isaac Denton).

John and Sarah moved through Stafford, Halifax and Henry Counties in Virginia to Washington County, Tennessee. They arrived in 1781 or 1782. They were charter
members of Buffalo Ridge Baptist Church.

Sullivan County is in far northeast corner of Tennessee between North Carolina and Virginia and was originally part of those states. It was formed in 1779 when it was divided from Washington County.

18th century primer

Joseph Crouch was born in 1749. He married Margaret (Peggy) Sandford.

He was also a Revolutionary Soldier from Virginia.

They lived on Boones Creek.

Their children included:
John Crouch (1781),
George Crouch (1784, married Susan Gresham),
Joseph Crouch (1791 married Betsy Keyfauver),
William Crouch (1793),
Sarah (Sary) Crouch (1778, married Samuel Hunt, Sr.),
Elizabeth Crouch (1787, married Elijah Hathaway),
Martha (Patty) Crouch (1796 married Samuel Devault), and
Sanford Crouch (180?, married Elizabeth Bean).

Joseph received a land grant in 1790 on Sinking Creek in Washington County, Tennessee

Joseph was sheriff of Washington County, Tennessee from 1800 to 1806. While sheriff, he worked with Judge Andrew Jackson who later became president. He arrested Russell Bean.

Joseph's will was dated September 1, 1830 and mentioned his wife, Margaret "Peggy." He mentioned mentioned George Crouch, Mariah Hunt, and Martha Devault.

East Tennessee is part of Appalachia. At the end of the French and Indian War, colonists began drifting into the area. In 1769, they first settled along the Watauga River. During the Revolution, the Overmountain Men defeated British loyalists at the Battle of Kings Mountain. The State of Franklin was formed in the 1780s, but never admitted to the Union.

Pittsylvania County, Virginia was formed in 1767 from Halifax County. In 1777 the western part became Henry County.

James Crouch was born in 1768 in Henry County (was Halifax then Pittsylvania), Virginia.

James served Henry County militia during the Revolutionary War.

He married Agnes Denton.

James and Agnes's children included:
Martha Crouch (1787)
Sarah Crouch (1792, married John Wood)
Ann Crouch (1794),
Isaac Crouch (1796)
John Crouch (1798),
Susannah Crouch (1800), and
James Crouch, Jr. (1804).

In 1781 the family moved to the western part of North Carolina that later became Washington County, Tennessee.

James and Agnes moved to Kentucky in 1800. On April 1, 1802 they joined his brother, Isaac, in forming the Clear Fork Baptist Church. James and Agnes quarreled with Isaac in 1822 and were excluded from the church.

They moved to Monroe County and then to Clay County, Tennessee.

They resolved their differences with the Clear Fork Church in 1834 and returned to make their home with their daughter, Sarah, and her husband, John Wood.

Tennessee was admitted to the Union on June 1, 1796. It was initially part of North Carolina.


The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States of America and was ratified in 1789.

Jesse Crouch was born about 1760 in Virginia.

He was a Revolutionary War Soldier.

He married Mary Nance.

Their children probably included:

William Crouch (1787, married Shelly Lee, Sarah Hunt, Mary Cotter),
Sarah Crouch (1789, married Jacob Poland),
Elijah Crouch (1790, married Sarah Lady,
Joseph Crouch (1794 married Anna Lady),
John Crouch (1796, married Nancy Baron Epperson),
Martha Crouch (1797, married Isaac King),
Reuben Crouch (1798, married Mary Kincheloe),
James Crouch ( 1800, married Susannah Bowman, daughter of Joseph Bowman, son of Jacob Bowman),
Susan Crouch (1800, married Lewellen King),
Mary Ann Crouch (1802, married Jeremiah Hale),
Isaac Crouch (1804, married Dulcina Hendrix (Hendricks, daughter of John Hendricks)),
Jesse Hiter Crouch (1808, married Jemima McGuire),
Jonathan Mulkey Crouch (1808, married Ruth Emmert),
Allen Crouch (1811, married Jane Hickman and Atlanta Hunt),

Jesse and Mary were buried Buffalo Ridge Cemetery or old Cemetery of Fall Branch Baptist Church, Washington County, Tennessee.


Watauga Pioneer Neighbors


Colonial Maryland
Colonial New England
Colonial Virginia & West Virginia
Quakers & Mennonites
New Jersey Baptists
German Lutherans
Watauga Settlement
Pennsylvania Pioneers
Midwest Pioneers
Jewish Immigrants

©Roberta Tuller 2020
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