An American Family History

James Stanfield

Stanfield was also spelled Standfield, Stanfill, Stanphill, Stansfield

Rowan County, North Carolina
Buncombe County, North Carolina
Sevier County, Tennessee
West Tennessee
McMinn County, Tennessee.


The American folk hero, David "Davy" Crockett (1786 – 1836), grew up in East Tennessee.

Tennessee was admitted to the Union on June 1, 1796. It was initially part of North Carolina.

James Stanfield was born about 1750. His brother was Thomas Stanfield.

He married Frances (Fanny) Gwinn. She was the daughter of Cornelius Gwinn (Cornelous Guin, Cornelias Gwyn.

Their children included:
James Stanfield (1779),
Cornelius Stanfield (1780, married Martha Jones),
Edith Ann Stanfield Bailey (1780, married Hayman Bailey),
Mary (Polly) Ann Stanfield Brittain (1793, she was the 8th child, married William Brittain), and
Delpha Stanfield Price (1795, married William Price).

He enrolled in the militia on July 18, 1782 under Captain Benjamin Carter. He enrolled at Frohawks Mill in Rowan County, North Carolina. He was discharged about July 10, 1783 by Colonel Murfree and Captain Walton.

They resided in Rowan County, North Carolina when he returned from the Army

They moved to Buncombe County, North Carolina.

In 1786 they moved to Sevier County, Tennessee where they settled on the Pigeon River.

Then they moved to West Tennessee

Finally they moved to McMinn County in East Tennessee.

Several deponents for his pension remembered:

one of… children falling in the fier and getting very Badly Burnt upwards of Fifty three years ago

In 1830 the household consisted of a man and a woman between 70 and 79 and a girl betwen 15 and 19.

His pension started on March 4, 1834. He received $60 a month.

He died on November 3, 1839 in McMinn County, Tennessee.

Fanny died on November 3, 1840 in Bradley County, Tennessee.

Rowan County, North Carolina was formed in 1753 from the northern part of Anson County. In 1770, the eastern part was combined with the western part of Orange County to become Guilford County.. In 1771 the northeastern part of what remained of Rowan County became Surry County. In 1777 the western part of Rowan County became Burke County. In 1788 the western part became Iredell County. In 1822 the eastern part became Davidson County. Finally, in 1836 the part of Rowan County north of the South Yadkin River became Davie County.

A militia is a military unit composed of citizens who are called up in time of need.

North Carolina was one of the thirteen original Colonies. It was first settled by small farmers and grew quickly in the mid 18th century.



East Tennessee is part of Appalachia. At the end of the French and Indian War, colonists began drifting into the area. In 1769, they first settled along the Watauga River. During the Revolution, the Overmountain Men defeated British loyalists at the Battle of Kings Mountain. The State of Franklin was formed in the 1780s, but never admitted to the Union.

Stanfield, James - Revolutionary War Service North Carolina Line, W158
Extracted by Mary Lu Johnson, Trafford, Alabama
5 September 1832, McMinn Co, Tennessee,

James Stanfield age 79, served under Colonels Dixon (?& ?S) Murphree, Major Lytle, Armstrong & Donohoo. Captain Burvarde, Sharpe, yarbrough, Carter & Walton. Lts. Dixon and Dudley.

Entered service 18 July 1782 under Capt Benjamin Carter, discharged about 10 July 1783 by Col Murfree & Capt Walton. Enrolled at Frowhawkes mills Rowan County North Carolina as drafted Militia man for 12 months, at battle of Eutaw Springs.

From Frowhawkes mills, marched through Camden in South Carolina to high hills of Santee, where Genl Greenes head quarters were, from there to Camden then to Charleston to fight British Army at Martins Tavern about 12 miles from Eutaw Springs. Capt Carters Lt, Dudley, shot through the leg in the engagement. From Santee to Orangeburg in SC, then to Edisto River, (service record continues).

Declarant resided in Rowan co, North Carolina when he returned from Army, then to Buncombe co, North Carolina then Sevier co, Tennessee, from thence to West Tennessee, then McMinn co, East Tennessee. where he now resides.
No documentary evidence…prove his services.
James (his X mark) Stanphill

Attested by: Rev. Abraham Stover and William Bates of McMinn co, TN.
Affirmed by Benj Isbell, John Miller and A. Barb

5 June 1833, James Stanfield, McMinn Co, Tennessee,
Amendatory Declaration:
Served as previously stated as orderly Sergeant.
Born Edgecombe County, North Carolina on 4th day of February 1753. No proof of age, kept it in his memory as received from parents, "neither of them could write, "nor myself either." Enlisted in Rowan co, North Carolina; lived in Buncombe Co, North Carolina; removed to Sevier co, Tennessee; from there to Bedford co, Tennessee; from there to McMinn where now lives.

Gives as references in neighborhood: Samuel Workman, George Colville, Andrew Bigham, Joseph Lusk, Wm Bates, Ezekiel Bates, Jno L. McCarty, Wm Brittain, Geo McCulloch, Wm McCulloch, James Hickey, Jonathan Couch, Joseph McMollan, Wm McMillan, Thos Parson, James Cowan, Wesley Kinman, Levin A. Ball, Jno Walker/Walken, Rev. Walker/Walken, ? McDonell, A. R. Turk, Geo. Colvell Sen. Joseph Lusk & George Colville, Samuel Workman signed affirming.

4 Mar 1834, pension commenced. Enrolled McMinn co, Tennessee (East Tennessee), $60 per month.
Widow Fanny Stanfield, dec'd, Wid of James Stanfield who d 3 Nov 1840 of Bradley co, Tennessee, Payable to Cornelius & James Stanfield, Delpha Price & Mary Ann Brittain, only surviving children.

6 Mar 1844, William Baily of Polk co, Tennessee, age 82 states James & Fanny Stanfield lived together as husband and wife, marriage took place prior to 1 January 1794, and he remembers

one of… children falling in the fier and getting very Badly Burnt upwards of Fifty three years ago

William (his X mark) Baily.

4 May 1844: Declaration of William Brittain, resident of Bradley co, Tennessee. William Brittain, age 57, son-in-law of James Stanfield. James Stanfield d 3 Nov 1840 leaving a widow and children heirs at law viz: Delphy Price, Cornelius Stanfield, James Stanfield, Mary Ann Brittain. Fanny Stanfield d 18 Dec 1842.
S/s William Brittain

4 May 1844: Marry Ann Brittain age 50 years, resident of Bradley co, TN. James Stanfied d 3 Nov 1840, Fanny Stanfield d 18 Dec 1842. She is the 8th child.              
Mary Ann (her X mark) Brittain

4 May 1844 Wm James Stanfield of Bradley co, Tennessee, age 64, well acquainted with "Uncle James Stanfield" up to their deaths. James Stanfield d 3 Nov 1840 and Fanny d 18 Dec 1842.

James & Fanny Stanfield was married previous to Seventeen hundred and ninety four affiants well recolects that one of the aforesaid James & Fanny Stanfields children had fits and fell in the fier and got burnt when affiant was a very small Boy.

James (his X mark) Stanfield

11 March 1846
David Nelson, McMinn Co, TN states he was acquainted with James Stanfield up to his death, and that he moved from the state of North Carolina and settled on pidgen river in Sevier County, Tennessee in 1786.                                               
S/s David Nelson

21 June 1848, John Hambright wrote pension office, requested by the heirs of Mary Stanphill who was the widow of James Stanphill…paid Knoxville, Tennessee…widow deceast Mary Stanphill. Inquired if claim processed [?pension arrears; other benefits? mlj]

Note in pension file following above letter
Phebe Ann 13 1 June '48
Saml T        10 5 July '48
Chr F 8 4 June '48

15 Sep 1849, Bradley co, TN: William Rogers, Benjamin F. Martin, Sarah Wallin and Martha L. Aiden were acquainted with James Stanfield; d 3 Nov 1839. Widow Fanny d 18 Dec 1842. Were near neighbors. Four children: Cornelius and James Stanfield, Delpha Price and Mary Ann Brittain. All signed.

5 Oct 1849, Charleston, Bradley County, Tennessee,
letter from Samuel Workman to Pension Office.
Enclosed…additional proof in order to obtain an increase of Pension for the Benefit of James & Cornelious Stanfield, Delpha Price and Mary Ann Brittain. Mistake in date of death of James; should be 3 November 1839. Requests pension made payable to Knoxville, Tennessee instead of Nashville

being much more convenient to the claimants and also being the Agency where the original pension was always paid to James Stanfield dec'd.

28 Dec 1910, Mrs. A. C. Rauscher, Jackson co, TN, stated ancestor James Standfield b 1731, m Fanny Gwinn 1753, served Infty 4 years, returned after the war to his home in Winchester, Tenn, moved to McMinn Co, d 1824 at age of 93, drew pension at Knoxville, Tenn, wife died 3 years later 1827 at age of 93.

Polly Ann Standfield, d/o James & Fanny, b 1796, d 1874, m William Brittain b 1794, d 1854.
Daughter Louisa Brittain b 1817 still living, m Jonathan Wood, b 1802 died 187?.
Son Jonathan Franklin Wood b 1851, still living, m Bettie McReynolds, b 1855 still living. I, Anne Wood Rauscher, am their daughter.

An early American tavern (or ordinary) was an important meeting place and they were strictly supervised. Innkeepers were respectable members of the community. Taverns offered food and drink. An inn also offered accommodation.

A deponent (dept, dpnt) gives testimony under oat.