An American Family History

Littleton History and Records

  From Records of Littleton, Massachusetts, by Joseph Alfred Harwood and Samuel Smith, published by Patriot Press, Concord, Mass., 1900.

Littleton, Middlesex County, Massachusetts was first settled in 1686 by English settlers and was the the location of the Native American village called Nashoba Plantation

Groton, Middlesex County, Massachusetts was settled and incorporated in 1655
Estate inventories give us a glance into the home life of Colonial Americans.


Increase b. 1722, probably m. Hepsibah Sawyer of Bolton, dau. Wm and Mary Sawyer.

1736 Timothy Powers of Groton bought land of Tho Tarbell.

1743-5 Daniel and Jon Powers dismissed from church in Lancaster to Sterling.

Children of Jacob and (1) Sarah and (2) Edith (Adams) Powers:
Sarah b. Apr 8 1705 at Concord (1st marriage).
Jonas b. July 9 1719, m. Mary Tryon Apr 12 1739. See records of Middletown, Conn.
Edward b. May (2) 3, 1725, m. Mary Nourse.

1750 Edward Powers of Harvard sold land.

Mar. 8 1759 Edward Powers and Mary sold land to J. Simonds.

Children of Thomas and (1) Elizabeth and (2) Mary (Harwood) Powers :
probably Elizabeth m. March 16 1713-14 Thomas Farr.
Joseph b. Dec 1 1692, m. Mar. 16 1713-14 in Groton Hannah Whitcomb. Resided in Nashoba.
Phineas s. of Mary b. May (4) 8 1705, m. Martha, resided in Hardwick.
Jane b. Aug 19 1707.
James b. 1708, was in Hardwick.
Jeremiah b. 1710, m. Hannah Fisk of Hardwick, resided in Greenwich, Mass.

Bk. 7 p. 19 Thomas Powers and Mary his wife of Lancaster sold land to Jeremiah Powers of Lambstown or Hardwick.

1765 Jeremiah Powers, then of Quoben, sold land to David and to Abijah Powers, probably sons of David and Martha, grandson of Walter Powers, Jr.

1735 Thomas Powers of Hardwick sells to John Barrett land in Littleton (Bk. 32 p. 277). Josiah Barrett went to Lambstown.

1708 Thomas Farr of Stow bought land of Daniel Powers in Nashoba.

Feb 3 1726 Mary Farr of Littleton m. Deliverance Parsons of Stow.

Joseph Powers m. at Groton Mar 16 1713-14 Hannah, dau. Jonathan
. He d. Dec 18 1746.
Joseph m. Susannah, perhaps m. 2d Dec. 25 1751 Abigail Benjamin (children on p. 53).
Thomas m. Hepsibah Hastings Apr. 15 1741.
Nathaniel m. Apr 4 1743 Hannah, probably dau. Dea. Benj Hoar.
Dinah m. J Farr.
Mary m. Simon Davis Jr.
Phineas b. Feb 3 1724, resided and d. in Boxborough, formerly Littleton.
Ephraim b. 1728 m. 1750 Catherine Farr of Stow, child on p. 67.
Probably others b. in Stow.
Hannah m. 1747 Robert Chaffin b. Jan 1 1723.

1756 Ephraim Powers of Stow sold land in Stow to Stephen Farr Jr. (Bk. 38 p. 206)

1763 Ephraim Powers and Stephen Farr bought in Stow.

Children of Robert and Hannah (Powers) Chaffin: (see also p. 65) Robert b. July 20 1752, m. Hannah dau. William Tenneyb. July 4 1756.

Jon Powers & Elizth Kidder m. pub. Dec. 25 1725. Children: (for others see pp. 11, 36, 37)
Betty b. Feb 24 1727-8, m. Glazer Wheeler 1746.
Thomas and Hepsibeth (Hastings) Powers. Children: (for others see p. 51)
Tho' b. Sept 17 1741, pr. m. May 29 1766 Mary Cole.
Isaac b. Jan 8 1742 (1743).
Hepsebeth b. June (14) 19,1744, m. Aug 21 1766 Paul Faulkner in Bolton.
Sarah b. Mar. 5 (1745) 1748.

Children of Josiah & Martha Powers: (for others see p. 44)
Meliscent b. Mar 5 1735.
Josiah Dec 25 1742.
Elijah m. 1765 Mary Powers.

Children of Nathaniel Powers Jr. & Hannah (Hoar): (for others see pp. 56, 61)
Mary b. Jan 19 1748-9.

Children of David Powers Jr. & Kezia Powers (see p. 56):
Stephen b. Nov 6 1744.
Aaron b. Apr 1746.

Jonathan Powers, s. of Daniel, m. 1731 Mary or Hannah.
Children (probably in Lancaster):
Jacob b. Dec 8 1731.
Amos b. Feb 25 1734, m. Sybel, m. 2d Jan 20 1766 Molly Parmenter.
Elizthb. Apr 23 1736.
Hannah b. Jan. 10 1739, m. Mar. 4 1762 Sam1 Bixby, Lancaster.
Oliver b. Sept 6 1741.
Jonathan b. July 22 1744, m. Anna, dau. Jon Fletcher of Barre.
Lucy b. Mar 19 1747.
Ephraim b. Jan 17 1749-50, m. Kezia Sawyer.
Manasses b. Feb 7.
One of these daughters m. Rand, & had dau. b. June 8,1785.
Hannah Powers Crana, Ch. bap. 1749.
Moriah Powers m. July 19 1795 Jo* Rich Gerry.

Children of Ephraim and Kezia (Sawyer) Powers:
Kezia b. Oct 15 1779, m. Jan 3d 1803 Harrison Wilder b. Feb 11 1774.
Ephraim b. Dec 24 1781. Martha, dau. Harrison and Kezia (Powers) Wilder, b. Feb 21 1817, m. Apr. 28 1840
Henry T. Taylor, resided in Littleton.

It was common for bequests to include wearing apparel.

Lush forests in Colonial America allowed settlers to build wooden homes.

Littleton, Middlesex County, Massachusetts was first settled in 1686 by English settlers and was the the location of the Native American village called Nashoba Plantation

The New England Meetinghouse was the only municipal building in a town. Both worship and civil meetings were held there. It was customary for men and women to sit separately and the town chose a committee once a year to assign seats according to what was paid, age, and dignity.
Concord, Middlesex County, Massachusetts was settled early by the English as a frontier outpost of  the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

Boston was founded in 1630 by Puritan settlers from England.

With a change of ministers the town began to talk of building a new meeting-house, and it was decided that the location be changed to the Ridge Hill, as the centre of the town was called; accordingly in 1740 the town built their second meetinghouse, forty by fifty feet in dimension with twenty-three feet posts, on the site of the present First Church (Unitarian). ,

It was customary for the men and women to sit separately in meeting, and to choose a committee once a year to assign the seats to the men according to what each paid, considering also "age and dignity." General dissatisfaction and an order for a new seating was often the result of the committee's first effort. At March meeting, 1742-43, the town voted

To cut up six feet of the two hind seats on the women's side next the alley to erect a pew at the town's cost for (Rev.) Mr. Shattuck and his wife so long as either of them live in town.

January 4,1738-39, the General Court granted the petition of Peleg Lawrence and others of Groton to be set off with their estates to Littleton, and the town bounds were then extended in that direction from the original Nashobah north line to the present bounds between Groton and Littleton.

The desire for political honors does not seem to have possessed the people of this town to any great extent in the olden time, for it was only when some measure directly affecting the town, like a change of bounds, was to come before the court that it was thought worth while to send a representative, to which the town was entitled once in a certain number of years, and pay his expenses.

The town was repeatedly fined for not being represented, in consequence of which a representative would be chosen the following year for the sole purpose, apparently, of getting the fine, remitted, in which they were generally successful. On one occasion the town voted to send a representative if any one would go on half-pay, and on another if any one would go for £12. Captain Isaac Powers accepted the offer, and was accordingly elected without opposition.

In the year 1749 wolves were so plenty and troublesome that the town offered, in connection with some of the adjoining towns, a bounty for their heads in addition to that offered by the province, with the stipulation that the wolves' ears be cut off to prevent a second claim for bounty on the same head.

Until almost modern times it was customary to vote at every March meeting whether the swine should go at large during the ensuing year. Almost invariably previous to 1800, and occasionally after that, the swine were allowed to roam at will, provided each one had a ring in his nose, which it was the duty of the hog-reeves to insert, to prevent rooting.

The discontent at the oppression of British taxation found expression in town-meeting at Littleton March 5, 1770, the day of the Boston Massacre, as follows: " Voted the following Persons a committee to consider of some proper Measures for the Town to Come into with Regard to the non-importation of Goods, viz. Samuel Tuttle, Leonard Whiting, Samuel Rogers, Robert Harris, Nathan Raymond who made report of the following Resolves which the Town Voted to accept.

"The Grievous Impositions the Inhabitants of the British Colonies have long suffered from their Mother Country strongly claim their attention to every legal Method for their Removal.

"We esteem the Measures already proposed, viz. the withdrawing our Trade from Great Britain both economical & effectual, We therefore Vote

That we will not (knowingly) directly or Indirectly purchase any british Goods that have been or may be imported contrary to the patriotic agreement of the Merchants of the Town of Boston.

If any Inhabitant of this Town of Littleton shall be known to purchase any article of any Importer of Goods contrary to the afores1 agreement or of any one who shall purchase of any such Importer he shall suffer our high Displeasure and Contempt.

That the same Committee be also a Committee to Inspect the Conduct of all Buyers & Sellers & to report the names of all (if any such there shall be) who violate the true spirit and Intention of the aforegoing Votes and Resolutions, to the Towne at their next Meeting.

Voted that, we will not drink or purchase any foreign Tea howsoever imported untill a general Importation of british Goods shall take Place."

The resolutions were published in the Boston Gazette of March 12. In the same year the town purchased a bell for the meeting-house, but there being no steeple, the bell was hung on a frame separate from the building. The committee to buy it reported that they had purchased a "Bell manufactured in this Province" at a cost of £78.

December 31, 1772, the town met to consider a letter and pamphlet on the subject of the times, received from the town of Boston, and chose a committee on it. A conservative majority reported, February 1, that the town take no action in the matter. The report was rejected and a draft of a reply accepted, asserting confidence in the British constitution, but calling upon the General Court to make an effort to remove the consequences of certain acts of parliament endangering the peace and security of the Province and to restore confidence between England and her colonies. As this reply was considered by some not strong enough, it was withheld until after the March meeting, when it was amended, and a more extended list of grievances added. It is noticeable that about this time a change took place in the administration of town affairs. Several men who had held prominent town offices but who were quite conservative, and some even inclined to toryism, were very suddenly left in retirement, and those chosen in their places who took active parts in the Evolutionary War.

In the Middlesex Convention of August 31,1774, there were from Littleton Captain Josiah Hartwell, Oliver Hoar, and Daniel Rogers, Jr. September 26, Robert Harris was chosen a delegate to the Provincial Congress to be held at Salem, and Abel Jewett to the one to be held at Concord.

The alarm of April 19, 1775, reached Littleton, and was quickly responded to by Lieutenant Aquila Jewett's company of militia, numbering four officers and forty-two men., who marched to Concord, where some of the men dropped out, while the rest followed the enemy probably to Cambridge, as they marched twenty-six miles. Undoubtedly many others not belonging to an organized company went as volunteers.

The following month the town voted to purchase a number of fire-arms with bayonets, and it is probable that a new company of minute-men was formed, as we find the following paper bearing date of June 18, 1775:

We the Subscribers having Received ammunition out of the Town Stock of said Town, Do promise to Keep & Return the same again into said Stock Except obliged to use the same in Defence

Old Style Calendar
Before 1752 the year began on Lady Day, March 25th,. Dates between January 1st and March 24th were at the end of the year. Old Style (O.S.) and New Style (N.S.) are used to indicate whether the year has been adjusted. Often both dates are used.

American colonists continued to use British monetary units, namely the pound, shilling and pence for which £1 (or li) equalled 20s and 1s equalled 12d. In 1792 the dollar was established as the basic unit of currency.
American colonists continued to use British monetary units, namely the pound, shilling and pence for which £1 (or li) equalled 20s and 1s equalled 12d. In 1792 the dollar was established as the basic unit of currency.
A militia is a military unit composed of citizens who are called up in time of need.


Colonial Maryland
Colonial New England
Colonial Virginia & West Virginia
Quakers & Mennonites
New Jersey Baptists
German Lutherans
Watauga Settlement
Pennsylvania Pioneers
Midwest Pioneers
Jewish Immigrants

©Roberta Tuller 2023
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