An American Family History

The Cady Family


also spelled Cade

A Trainband (or training band) was the basic tactical unit of the colonial militia. Men were required to join the local trainband. In wartime, military units were formed by selecting men from the trainband.

Nicholas Cady

Nicholas married Judith Knapp.

John Cady (1650/1),
Judith Cady (1653),
James Cady (1655),
Nicholas Cady (1657, died young),
Daniel Cady (1659),
Ezekiel Cady (1662),
Nicholas Cady (1663/4, married Patience Ridland), and
Joseph Cady (1666, married Sarah Davis),

In 1652, Nicholas took the oath of fidelity.

In 1653, Nicholas was a member of the Train Band of Watertown, under Capt. Mason.

In 1667, Nicholas exchanged houses and land at Watertown with John Clary.

In 1668, Nicholas and wife Judith sold six acres in Watertown and five acres of meadow in Cambridge to G. Lawrence.

In 1671, Nicholas was surveyor in Groton.

In 1676

Daniel Adams did kill one Indian at Mr. Williams' garrison. Witness John Cady & Samuel Wood. We saw him fall to the ground and not raise up again, Nicholas Cady.

In 1678, Nicholas bought 60 acres in Cambridge for £17-10s from John Wincoll.

In 1691, Nicholas, John and Joseph Cady were assigned to Preacott's garrison in Groton.


Old Style Calendar
Before 1752 the year began on Lady Day, March 25th,. Dates between January 1st and March 24th were at the end of the year. Old Style (O.S.) and New Style (N.S.) are used to indicate whether the year has been adjusted. Often both dates are used.


Nicholas Cady

He married Patience Ridland.

William Cady (1685),
Patience Cady (1687),
Susanna Cady (1690)
Nathaniel Cady (1694, married Hester Beecher)
Joanna Cady (1696),
Elizabeth Cady (1698),
Jacob Cady (1702),
Mary Cady (1704, married Robert Kennedy),
Isaac Cady (1706, married Mary Read).

In 1703 Nicholas sold his land in Watertown and moved to the Quinnebaug valley, now Putnam, Connecticut.

Before 1720 he moved from Old Killingly to Preston, Connecticut where he bought a mill.



American colonists continued to use British monetary units, namely the pound, shilling and pence for which £1 (or li) equalled 20s and 1s equalled 12d. In 1792 the dollar was established as the basic unit of currency.
Mister ( Mr.) was derived from master and Mrs. and Miss were derived from mistress. They indicated people of superior social status in colonial America.

Descendants of Nicholas Cady of Watertown, Mass. 1645-1910 by Orrin Peer Allen

The very first undoubted record we have of him [Nicholas Cady] is a partnership with John, the son of William Knapp . . .

Nicholas Cady married Judith Knapp, dau. of William of Watertown. No date has been found, but presumably about 1648. . .

In 1652 Nicholas Cady, with others, took the oath of fidelity. On 5 (2) 1653, Nicholas Cady was of the Train Band of Watertown, under Capt. Mason. December 24, 1667, Nicholas Cady, carpenter, of Watertown, exchanges house and land at Watertown, Mass., with John Clary, carpenter. .

He must have removed to Groton in the early part of 1668, for we find that on Sept. 10, 1668, Nicholas Cady of Groton, planter, and wife Judith, sold to G. Lawrence six acres of land in Watertown and five acres of meadow in Cambridge.

Dec. 10, 1671, Nicholas Cady was surveyor at Groton. His name appears among others on the Indian rolls of land grants that were made before the town of Groton was burned by the Indians in 1676.

. . . May 14, 1678, Nicholas Cady of Cambridge bought of John Wincoll 60 acres of land in Cambridge for £17-10s, inclines one to believe that he did not return to Groton for some time. He was probably in Mr. Williams' garrison, for in a paper to the General Court, dated at Groton March 14, 1676, it states that "

Daniel Adams did kill one Indian at Mr. Williams' garrison. Witness John Cady & Samuel Wood. We saw him fall to the ground and not raise up again, Nicholas Cady.

. . .We have no record of the date of the death of Nicholas Cady, or that of his wife Judith. . .No lettered tablets mark the last resting place of Nicholas Cady and his wife Judith; their only monuments were their children, whose successful and honored - careers testified to the wealth of mental endowment inherited from their parents.

  1. Children of Nicholas and Judith Cady, b. Watertown, Mass.:
    i. John [Cady], b. Jan. 15, 1650/1.
    ii Judith, b. Sept . 2, 1653.
    iii. James, b. Aug. 28, 1655.
    iv. Nicholas [Cady], b. Aug. 2, 1657; d. Jan. 21, 1657/8.
    v. Daniel, b. Nov. 27, 1659.
    vi. Ezekiel, b. Aug. 14, 1662; probably d. young, as we hear no more of him.
    vii. Nicholas, b. Feb. 20, 1663/4.
    viii. Joseph, b. May 28, 1666.
European and indiginous American fought fierce battles as the Europeans expanded their territory.

Planter is an archaic term for a settler. Plantation was a method of colonization where settlers were "planted" abroad. A plantation is also the kind of large farm that was the economical basis of many American Colonies and owners of these farms were also called planters.

Chelmsford, Middlesex County, Massachusetts was incorporated in May, 1655
New London County, Connecticut was one of four original Connecticut counties and was established on May 10, 1666, by an act of the Connecticut General Court.

Nicholas Cady, (Nicholas [and Judith Knapp]), b. Watertown, Mass., Feb. 20, 1663/4; m. Chelmsford, Mass., March 20, 1683, Patience, dau. of William Redland of Groton. He d. in Preston, Conn., Sept. 3, 1724.

He sold his real estate in Watertown, Mass., Nov. 6, 1703, and during the following year removed to the Quinnebaug valley, now Putnam, Conn., where with other members of the Cady family he was one of the early settlers. He bought up many grants of land and sold to other settlers. He removed from Old Killingly prior to 1720 and located in Preston, Conn., where he purchased a mill property and conducted it till his death. Patience, his widow, was of Preston, Jan. 27, 1728/9, when her late husband's brother, Capt. Joseph Cady, gave her a quitclaim deed of undivided land in Killingly.

The following important addition to the history of Nicholas Cady has been given to the compiler by the courtesy of Col. C. D Parkhurst, who discovered it in the New London Probate Records

Administration bond of Patience Cady, with John Brown as surety in the sum of £200, upon the estate of Nicholas Cady. deceased, was signed Feb. 12, 1724/5.

An inventory of the estate of Nicholas Cady was presented at Preston, Conn., March 9, 1724/5, amounting to £68-19-14. An additional inventory, made Dec. 28, 1726, was £16-19. From these amounts was deducted the payment of debts of £35-14-11, and the balance was distributed to the heirs as follows:
Widow was directed to be entitled to, £16-14-5
Eldest son William, £15-16-7
Nathaniel, Jacob, and Isaac- Nothing, they having had more than the above.
Eldest daughter Patience, £10-4-1½
Susanna, £3-14-1½
Joanna, nothing, she having had her share.
Elizabeth, £3-14-1½
Mary, nothing, she having had her portion.

Children of Nicholas and Patience Cady, order of birth not known:

i . William, b. abt . 1685; d. Oct. 14,1735; probably unm.
ii. Patience, b. abt . 1687. at.
iii. Susanna, b. abt . 1690.
iv. Nathaniel, b. abt . 1694; bapt . July 22,1716 ; m. June 11. 1719, Hester Beecher. Child: Judith, b. April 7, 1720.
v. Joanna, b. abt . 1696; bapt . Jan. 20,1717; d. Dec . 20, 1727.
vi. Elizabeth, b. Nov. 17, 1698.
vii. Jacob, b. abt. 1702.
vii. Mary, b. abt . 1704; m. Aug. 8, 1728, Robert Kennedy of Voluntown.
ix. Isaac, b. abt . 1706; m. Mary Read. He d. Feb. 27, 1730. 24.
x. Nicholas (probably).

A surety bond is a promise to assume responsibility for the obligation of a borrower. The person who provides this promise, is known as a surety or security. Bondsmen were usually relatives or family friends.
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©Roberta Tuller 2020
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