An American Family History

Ashbaugh Family

  Also spelled Ishbough, Albugh, Eschbaugh  

Lush forests in Colonial America allowed settlers to build wooden homes.

Johann Heinrich Eschbaugh (Henry Ashbaugh) was born about 1706.

His wife was named Mary Elizabeth

John Ashbaugh, Sr. (1739),
Frederick Ashbaugh (1748, married Sophia Sells),
Sarah Ashbaugh Smith,
Margaret Ashbaugh Sells (married Soloman Sells),
Andrew Ashbaugh

He arrived in Philadelphia in 1738 on the Winter Galley, Edward Paynter, Commander, from Rotterdam.

His will was filed on April 2, 1781 and probated on March 11, 1789 in Hungtingdon County, Pennsylvania.

Huntingdon County, Pennsylvania was established on September 20, 1787 as a large region of Central Pennsylvania. It was previously part of Bedford County and the earlier Cumberland Region.

In the Name of God-Amen I Henery Ashbagh of Bedford County Township of Huntingdon...

I give and dispose of in the following manner viz;

I give and bequeath to my son Andrus Ashbaugh five shillings,

I give and bequeath to my Daughter Sarah Smith the sum of five pounds,

I give and bequeath to my son Fredrick Ashbaugh the sum of five pounds,

I give and bequeath to my daughter Margret Sell the sum of five shillings.

I give and bequeath to my beloved wife Mary Elizebeth Ashbaugh in whole of my estate Both real and parsonal after my Deceas

and after her death my whole estate both Real and personal is to descen to my son John Ashbogh, he givig my wife two Hundred Weigh of Good Baron and sowing his half an acre of flax in good ground yearly to his Dorcas at which he is to have full (??) of all my Estate and in one year after he is to pay the aforementioned Legacies.

I do Constitue and appoint my beloved wife Mary Elizabeth and my son John Ashbagh, Exector of this my last will and Testament

In witnes hereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed my deal this 2nd day of april in the year of our Lord One Thousand Seventeen Hundred and Eughty One.

Signed, Sealed and Documented by the said Testator as his last will and Testaent in the presence of us the subscribed (Signatures listed)...

witnesses in his presence and at his Request. Sworn and ?Subscribed
Benj Elliot and
Abraham Haines

American colonists continued to use British monetary units, namely the pound, shilling and pence for which £1 (or li) equalled 20s and 1s equalled 12d. In 1792 the dollar was established as the basic unit of currency.
Fairfield County, Ohio originally encompassed all or parts of present day Knox, Hocking, Licking, Perry, and Pickaway counties.

John Ashbaugh, Sr. was born about 1740 in Mt. Joy Township, York County, Pennsylvania. He was a farmer, distiller and potter.

He married Catharine Mercklin about 1759 in Mt. Joy.

Joseph Ashbaugh,
Andrew Ashbaugh (1760, married Esther Ray),
Henry Ashbaugh (1768),
Jacob Ashbaugh (1770),
Hannah Ashbaugh (1772)
John Ashbaugh, Jr. (1774, married Catherine Miller)
Catherine Ashbaugh (1780, married Asa Johnson),
Isaac Ashbaugh (1782, married Elizabeth Spohn),
Frederick Ashbaugh (1783),
Elizabeth Ashbaugh (1786, married Abraham Ray),
Mary Ashbaugh (1788).

In 1799 the family moved to Fairfield County, Ohio with the Millers. The men had gone the year before to prepare for the move.

John, Sr. died 1820 in Fairfield County, Ohio.


American pioneers migrated west to settle areas not previously inhabited by European Americans.



from Pioneer Period and Pioneer People of Fairfield County, Ohio

The Ashbaugh family of Rushcreek left Huntington County, Pennsylvania, in the fall of 1799, for the Ohio country, and arrived safely at the cabin of Col. Samuel Carpenter, December 31, 1799, where they remained overnight. That night a child was born to one of the families and was named David Ashbaugh. The parents were John Jr. and Catharine Miller, his wife.

The family that left Pennsylvania consisted of

John Ashbaugh, Sr., and wife, and their sons, Jacob, Joseph, Frederick and Andrew and his two daughters, Mary and Patsy, and
John Ashbaugh, Jr., and wife. They came in company with
Joseph Miller, wife and daughters Elizabeth and Rachel.

Rachel Miller, in about twelve months became the wife of Edward Young and reared a large family of children. She was the mother of the late Mrs. Jacob Moyer.

The party floated down the Ohio from Pittsburgh on flatboats, or family boats, landing at the mouth of the Hockhocking. The men came up the valley on foot and on horseback, and the women, with the goods, in canoes, to the mouth of Rushcreek. Here the goods were placed upon pack horses and the party made their way to Col. Carpenter's cabin on foot. From Carpenter's they traveled through the woods to a spot since known as the Neely farm and now as the Weaver place, near Bremen. Here a small plat of ground had been cleared the previous spring by Joseph Miller, John and Joseph Ashbaugh.

Elizabeth, a daughter of John Ashbaugh, Sr., was left in Pennsylvania. She had previously married a Mr. Saxton of Huntington, and there she lived with her family until her death in 1822. . .

Joseph and Jacob, sons of John Ashbaugh, Sr., moved at an early day to Kentucky and the family lost all trace of them and their descendants.

Patsy, the daughter of John Ashbaugh, Sr., married Mr. A. Ray and died young.

Mary, a daughter of John, Sr., married Samuel Ray. They were the parents of two daughters, one of Fairfield County, Ohio. 195 of whom became the wife of Wright Larimer, and the other the wife of Isaac Larimer.

Catharine, a daughter of John, Sr., married Asa Johnson. They were the parents of the late Edward Johnson, of Rush Creek.

Andrew Ashbaugh married Esther Ray, of Huntington county, Pennsylvania, and after coming to Rushcreek settled east of Bremen on the farm now owned by A. Grafis. Their children were John, William, Abraham, Samuel, James and Robert, Catharine, Jane, Margaret and Elizabeth, who married George Orndorff.. .



from A Complete History of Fairfield County Ohio

Statement of John Ashbaugh

John Ashbaugh was my grandfather, and Andrew Ashbaugh was my father. They came into Fairfield County in 1801, and settled near where Bremen now is, and died there. My father's brothers were: Jacob, John, Frederick and Joseph ; his sisters, Elizabeth, Mary, Patsy and Polly.

The Indians stole our horses, and were followed, and the horses recovered at Bowling Green, north of Zanesville, by paying the Indians one dollar a head for them.

Andrew Ashbaugh, my father, and a big Indian had a hopping-match, in which the Indian got beaten, and became angry, but others interfered, and all ended well. On one occasion the Indians removed the bells from some horses and slipped them away, but fearing the consequence, as was believed, they restored the bells and the horses. John Davis and Edward Young came and settled in Rush Creek Township in 1802.


Colonial Maryland
Colonial New England
Colonial Virginia & West Virginia
Quakers & Mennonites
New Jersey Baptists
German Lutherans
Watauga Settlement
Pennsylvania Pioneers
Midwest Pioneers
Jewish Immigrants

©Roberta Tuller 2020
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