An American Family History

The Cain Family of Leeds County, Ontario

  also spelled Kane  

Caintown was a community in the Front of Yonge, Leeds County, Ontario. It was settled by

Isaiah Cain family
John Kincaid family
William Tennant family
Captain John Wood family
William Ferguson family
Hugh Allingham family


Connecticut's first European settlers were Dutch.

The French and Indian War lasted from 1754 to 1763 and was the North American phase of the Seven Years' War.

Isaiah Cain was born about 1737 in Canterbury, Windham County, Connecticut.

He married Leah Adams in 1762 at Canterbury First Congregational Church. Leah was born about 1738 and was the daughter of David Adams and Dorcas Paine.

Isaiah and Leah's children may have included:

John Cain (1763, married Amy Robbins),
David Cain (1765),
Rebecca Cain (1765, married John Wood),
Jemima Cain (1768, married Derrick Hogeboom),
Mary Polly Cain (1770, married John Hogeboom),
Catherine Cain (married Jacob Carns (Cairns)), and
Barnabus Cain.

Isaiah Cain was a private during the French and Indian War. In December, 1763 he enlisted in Captain Richard Rea’s Company from Dutchess County.

In 1775, they lived in the Manor of Rensselaerswyck in Albany County New York. The Lower Manor of Rensselaerswyck was called Claverack.

About 1775, Isaiah was a private in the 4th Albany County Militia Regiment – 2nd Rensselaerwyck Battalion under Colonel Killian Van Rensselaer.

In 1777, Isaiah and Leah Cain of Rensselaerswyck, sold their inherited Connecticut land (17 3/4 acres) to David Adams of Canterbury for 32£.

In 1789 they emigrated from New York to the Lunenburg District in Quebec.

They eventually settled in Yonge Township, Leeds County, Ontario.

Isaiah and John Cain were assessed in Yonge Township in 1805.

Isaiah died in 1812 in Caintown, Leeds County, Ontario.

The first European settlements in Ontario were after the American Revolution when 5,000 loyalists left the new United States.

Dutchess County, New York patriots forced colonists loyal to the British government to flee north into what became Ontario.

A militia is a military unit composed of citizens who are called up in time of need.

Grenadier Island is in the St. Lawrence River in Leeds County, Ontario. United Empire Loyalists settled on the island in the early 19th century. During the War of 1812, there was a watch post. By 1818, twelve farms had been established.

John Cain, Sr. was born about 1766. His parents were Isaiah Cain and Leah Adams.

John married Amy Robbins on March 02, 1786 in New Bethlehem, Albany, New York at the First Presbyterian Church.

John and Amey's children may have included:

John Cain, Jr. (1789, married Letireie Wood),
Miles Alonzo Cain (1791),
Liz Cain (1793),
Isaiah Cain (1794, married Barbary Nash),
Mary Cain (1798, married Jesse Hutchinson),
David Robbins Cain (1797),
Amy Cain (1802, married William Tennant),
Eleanor Cain (1804, married Michael Macaboy),
Ruggles Cain (1807, married Elizabeth Andress),
Derrick Cain (1809, married Margaret Ann Griffin, daughter of Samuel Griffin), and
Jemima Cain (1810, married Charles Burtch).

John Cain, Jr. was a private in the War of 1812. He was in the 1st Leeds Militia, 1813- 1814, and 1st Regiment Grenville Militia.

John Cain Sr. was listed in Captain W. G Fraser's militia in 1814 and 1st Regiment Grenville Militia.

John died in 1823 in Caintown, Ontario, Canada.

John Cain Jr. of Charlottenburgh and a private in a flank company of the 1st Leeds Militia, received 100 acres on the south half of Lot 43, Con. 12, Nottawasaga Twp. on March 11, 1836.

David Cain, who served as a private in Reuben Sherwood’s Rifles, Leeds, had his land claim rejected on October 8, 1850.

Smith Burtch, Abel Root, Ruggles Cain, and Levi Comstock were early settlers on Grenadier Island.

On February 7, 1813, the American army raided Elizabethtown (present day Brockville, Leeds County, Ontario). The Americans crossed the frozen St. Lawrence River and seized equipment, freed American prisoners, and captured Canadian men.



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©Roberta Tuller 2023
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