An American Family History

The Buell Family of Leeds County Ontario

  also spelled Bull  
United Empire Loyalists were Americans who remained loyal to King George III and the British Empire. They moved to Canada after the American Revolution.

Timothy Buell was born in 1732 in Hebron, Tolland County, Connecticut. He was the son of Timothy Buell and Hannah Bradford.

He married Mercy Peters on January 24, 1751 in Hebron, Tolland County, Connecticut. They made their home in Fort Ann, Washington County, New York.

William Buell (1752, married Martha Norton)
Timothy Buell (1760)
Jonathan Buell (1763, married Hannah Smith),
Bemsley Buell (1765, married Phoebe Mann and Lois Sherwood),
Samuel Buell (1767),
Sabina Buell (1770),
Mercy Buell (1772), and
Hannah Buell (1775).

During the American Revolution, he remained loyal to the crown.

They moved to Ontario, Canada in 1781.

He died in March 1788 at the age of 55 in Brockville (was Elizabethtown), Leeds County, Ontario, Canada.

On February 6, 1813, Timothy Buell was taken prisoner in a raid by the Americans. and was taken to Ogdensburg.

Connecticut's first European settlers were Dutch.


Hebron, Connecticut was incorporated in 1708 in Hartford County. It became part of Windham County in 1726 and part of Tolland County in 1785.

William Buell was born in 1751 in Connecticut. He was the son of Timothy Buell and Mercy Peters. He was a cooper

He married Martha Naughton (Norton).

William Buell, Jr. (1776),
Andrew Norton Buell (1778)
Joseph Peters Buell (1780),
Timothy Buell (1782),
Anne Buell, (1785),
Sabrina Buell (1787),
Phoebe Buell (1790)
Martha Buell (1795)

He married the widow, Margaret Berkley Barnard.

William remained loyal to the British during the American Revoltuion.

In 1779 he joined Robert Rogers’s King’s Rangers.

In 1784 he moved to Elizabethtown (now Brockville) and built the first house there.

William Buell was commissioned justice of the peace for the Luneburg District on July 24 1788 and for the Midland District on July 15, 1796.

In 1800 he was elected to the House of Assembly representing Leeds County.

About 1809, he opened the first school in Brockville.

William Buell, Jr. served in the 1st Leeds Militia during the War of 1812.

During the War of 1812 Timothy and William, Jr.served in the Leeds County Militia.

In 1820 he built the first stone house in Brockville, an impressive home in the centre of the village.

He died from cholera during the epidemic of 1832.

The American Revolution was ended in 1783 when the Treaty of Paris was signed.


On February 7, 1813, the American army raided Elizabethtown (present day Brockville, Leeds County, Ontario). The Americans crossed the frozen St. Lawrence River and seized equipment, freed American prisoners, and captured Canadian men.

Samuel Buell, Sr. was born about 1767 in Connecticut. He was the son of Timothy Buell and Mercy Peters.

He married Mary Elizabeth Sprague.

Mercy Buell (1798),
Sabina Buell (1800),
Samuel Peters Buell (1801, married Mary Adeline Giddings),
William Sprague Buell (1803),
Polly Buell (1804, married Gilbert Griffin),
Nancy Buell (1805, married James Brooker and Christopher Fenneton),
John Buell (1806, married Rhoda Gardnier) and
George Buell (1808).

John, and Samuel Peters Jr. and Sr. appeared on the census lists of Yonge Township, Leeds County Ontario in the 1840s.

The Battle of the Windmill was in November, 1838. Loyalists defeated an invasion attempt by Hunter Patriots, led by  Nils von Schoultz, who were attempting to overthrow British rule. The battle was at a windmill two miles east of Prescott.




Samuel Peters Buell, Jr. was born about 1801 in Elizabethtown (now Brockville), Leeds County, Ontario.

He married Adelina Mary Giddings on May 10, 1825. The witnesses were George Gardiner and David Cornell. The reverend William Smart performed the ceremony.

Lois Buell (1829, married, married John Ferguson),
Adeline Mary Buell (1833, married Archibald Ferguson),
William Samuel Buell (1837)
John Giddings Buell (1838)
Amelia Buell (1842)
James Peters Buell (1845)
Jannett Buell (1848)
Keziah Adeline Buell (1851, married Michael James Connolly).

William Smart
William Smart
Minister of the Presbyterian Church



Brockville, Ontario was called Elizabethtown. The area was first settled by English speakers in 1785, when Americans who had remained loyal to the crown fled to Canada after the American Revolution.




from History of the Buell Family in England

Timothy Buell, of Hebron, Conn., and Elizabethtown [now Brockville], Canada, first child of Timothy Buell, of Lebanon and Marlborough, Conn....

The common ancestor of the Buells in Canada was Timothy Buell. He was formerly of Hebron (now Marlborough), Connecticut. From thence he emigrated to the neighborhood of Fort Ann or Fort Miller, on the Hudson River, where he was at the commencement of the Revolutionary War, and held the militia rank of Major.

Being unwilling to take up arms on either side, he was looked upon as inimical to the cause espoused by the Colonists and was much harrassed by them. This operated on the feelings of his eldest son William, then young, and he espoused the cause of the Mother Country, came to Canada and afterwards assisted his father and the younger branches of the family to join him.

Timothy Buell, the head of the family in this province, was for a time a pensioner, and also held some situation in the Quartermaster's Department in the British Forces. At the close of the war, after residing a couple of years at Lachine, in Lower Canada, he emigrated with many others to the Township of Elizabethtown in Upper Canada, where he obtained lands from the Government, and died a few years after, aged about 56.

He was married at Marlborough, Conn., about 1751 to Mercy Peters. She was sister of the Rev. Samuel Peters, who published a Memoir of the Peters Family.

Their children were:
William Buell, born at Marlborough, Conn.,A. D. 1752.
Timothy Buell, born at Marlborough, Conn., 28th June, 1760.
Jonathan Buell, born at Marlborough, Conn.,
about 1763.
Bemsley Buell, born at Marlborough, Conn., 22d
September, 1765.
Samuel Buell, born at Marlborough, Conn.,about 1767.
Sabina Buell, born at Marlborough, Conn., about 1770
Mercy Buell, born at Marlborough, Conn., about 1772.
Hannah Buell, born at Marlborough, Conn., about 1775.


from Ontario History, by the Ontario Historical Society

The Buell Family

. . .Wm. Buell, Sr., was of English descent, both upon his father's and mother's side. He was the son of Timothy Buell, and his wife Mercy Peters, and was born at Hebron, in the then English Colony of Connecticut, on the 5th of October, 1751. His mother was a descendant of the Rev. Dr. Samuel Peters. . .

When the war broke out, Mr. Buell remained loyal to the British Crown, and as soon as was practicable made his way through the wilderness to Montreal, where he received an ensign's commission in the "King's Rangers," subsequently becoming lieutenant. His service extended over a period of seven years, and during a portion of the time he acted as quarter-master. He was frequently detailed to carry important despatches from the authorities in Canada to the British Commander at New York, and on many occasions met with hair-breadth escapes. He was twice taken prisoner by the insurgents, but succeeded in effecting his escape, and was also present at the surrender of General Burgoyne.

On the 10th day of March, 1782, he was married at St. Johns, Lower Canada, to Martha Norton, whose father was an U. E. Loyalist who had removed to Canada from Farmington, Connecticut. A family of nine children was the result of this union.

After the termination of the revolutionary war, Mr. Buell, Sr., was placed upon the half-pay list, and retired from military service. In 1785, accompanied by his wife, he removed to Upper Canada, settling upon the present site of the Town of Brockville [was Elizabethtown], then a wilderness. He received a grant from the Crown of the land upon which the central portion of the town was subsequently built, where he settled an 1 erected the first house.

About the year 1800 Mr. Buell, after a contest with Reuben Sherwood, a Provincial Land Surveyor, was elected a member of the House of Assembly for Upper Canada, for a term of four years.

Mr. Buell was upright and honest, and very kind to the poor. He was generous in his character, liberal in his politics, and highly respected. He died at Brockville on the 8th day of August, 1832, in the 81tt year of his age.

Of his children, William Buell the younger was a Lieutenant Colonel of the Militia, and held the medal with clasps for the Battle of Chrysler's Farm, 1813, and was one of the representatives for the County of Leeds in the Upper Canada Assembly from 1828 to 1836, (having been thrice elected).

The first European settlements in Ontario were after the American Revolution when 5,000 loyalists left the new United States.


From Bernie Warden, correspondent.

There's one part I keep arguing with. That is the marriage of Samuel Peters Buell to Mary Adeline Giddons on Mar 18 1824 in Kitley twp Ontario.

There was a Samuel Peters Buell who married there at that time but that was a different one. There were FOUR men by that name in the area at that time! The record of the marriages performed by rev William Smart Brockville and district 1812-1848 has these listed
p 197 18 Mar 1824 Samuel P. Buell & Elizabeth Bouck both of Kitley by: Banns.
witnesses John Edins, Elijah Morgan
p198 10 May 1825 Samuel P. Buell & Adeline Giddins, both of Yonge, by
Banns. Witnesses George Gardiner, David Cornell...

William Smart
William Smart
Minister of the Presbyterian Church


But the book Matters of Loyalty, the Buells of Brockville states on page 164

A man of the same name [Samuel Peters Buell] was married on May 10th 1825 to Adelina M Giddina(sp?) of the twp of Yonge, and a Mrs Samuel P, Buell, whose husband had been a printer in the office of the Brockville Recorder in the early days, died in Yonge on Apr 10 1901 aged 93 yrs 8 months at the home of her son in law M. J.Connolly

...Incidentally if we could get the marriage record of Samuel Peters Buell and Mary Elizabeth Sprague in NY state we could find who her parents were? All we know is that it was before Nov 8th 1801. But some places say he was born in Elizabethtown and yet on the census records for several years he states he was born in Quebec. Even in the 1891 census his daughter Keziah states he was born in Quebec.

I know most of the family relocated in Elizabethtown shortly before 1800 but thought maybe SP, as the youngest son, had stayed behind for a few more years with the aging parents. Maybe after marrying M.E. Sprague he dallied in Quebec for a while and did have his first born son there? We saw the house they lived in in Yonge, just down the lane from where her daughter Keziah's in laws, the Connollys lived

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©Roberta Tuller 2019
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