An American Family History

Baxter Families in Leeds County, Ontario


Brockville, Ontario was called Elizabethtown. The area was first settled by English speakers in 1785, when Americans who had remained loyal to the crown fled to Canada after the American Revolution.

  also spelled Backster  

Connecticut's first European settlers were Dutch.

Richard Baxter was born in 1753 in Hebron, Tolland County, Connecticut.

He married Lavinia Shipman.

Daniel Baxter (1791, married Nancy McEathron),
Hiram Baxter (1793, married Delanah Thomas),
Joel Baxter (1795, married Amey Baldwin),
John Baxter (1797, married Elizabeth Utman),
Lydia Baxter (1799)
Clarinda Baxter (1801) and
Isaac Baxter (1801).

The family came to Leeds County, Ontario from Vermont on an ox sleigh.

1797 Elizabethtown Township, Leeds County, Ontario census:

Richard, Vina, Clara, Shipman, Henry and Lyddea.


Hebron, Connecticut was incorporated in 1708 in Hartford County. It became part of Windham County in 1726 and part of Tolland County in 1785.


In the War of 1812 (1812-1815) the United States declared war on England because of trade restrictions, impressment, and British support for Indian attacks. They signed the Treaty of Ghent on December 24, 1814 after reaching a stalemate.

Fairfield County, Connecticut originally consisted of the towns of Rye, Greenwich, Stamford, Norwalk, Fairfield, and Stratford. Woodbury (1673) , Danbury (1687), Ridgefield (1709), Newtown (1711), and New Fairfield (1740) were added later. In 1751, part of Woodbury was included in Litchfield County.

Nathan Baxter was born about 1762 in Fairfield County, Connecticut. He was the son of David Baxter and Rhoda Lyon.

Nathan's wife was named Lois and their children may have included:

Asa Baxter,
Electa Baxter (married John Munro),
Ezra Baxter,
Richard Baxter,
Laura Baxter (1784, married Job Northrup Lamkin), 
Alexander Baxter,
Fanny Baxter (1800, married Edward Albro),
Lois Baxter (1807, married Benjamin Franklin Austin),
William Baxter (1811),
Electa Baxter (married John Munro),
John Baxter
Benjamin Baxter (1798)
Jacob Baxter

Nathan was a private in Captain Asa Barnes Company Colonel Israel Chapen's regiment. He enlisted on October 16, 1779 and was discharged November 21, 1779.

Nathan was on the New Ashford list of men under General Patterson on October 25, 1780. He was also in Captain Marshall's Company, Colonel Marshall's regiment, General Paterson's Brigade from June 3, 1780 to January 3, 1781.

Connecticut Journal Nov. 16, 1785:
These are to give notice, that the subscriber hath sundry warrants from the Treasurer of this state for state taxes, by virture of which, the lands and buildings of Daniel Dodge, and Daniel Dodge, Junr., Nathan Baxter, Joseph Learned and Ezekiel Root, non resident proprietors, will be sold for the payment of each of their taxes, as the law directs on the second Monday of December next. Said vendue to be on the above said lands, lying in the town of Hebron. Dated New Haven, Oct 28, 1785 Joel Jones, Collector.

On April 19, 1790, Nathan was granted 34 acres in New Ashford for his services.

On November 25, 1790, Nathan bought 150 acres in New Ashford.

In March, 1791, Nathan was appointed surveyor of New Ashford where he was an innkeeper.

In 1794, Nathan received more land from the Massachusetts Commonwealth.

On April 6, 1795, Nathan was elected a constable and collector.

On September 7, 1795, Nathan Baxter was elected as a selectman in New Ashford.

After some problem with debts, Nathan moved to Vermont by October, 1797. Then they moved to Varnne in Lower Canada for a couple of years and then moved to Chateauguay in Lower Canada for about 5 years.

In 1807 the family was in Elizabethtown Township, Leeds County, Ontario. The 1808, Elizabethtown census included Nathan, his wife, 4 sons and 3 daughters

During the War of 1812, Nathan was a private in the 1st Regiment Leeds Militia. He was wounded at Brockville (was Elizabethtown) on February 7, 1813 and received a pension as a result.

In 1825 Nathan and Lois Baxter and Edward and Fanny Albro bought property in Hounsfield, Jefferson County, New York.

Nathan was the gaoler for the Johnstown District/Leeds and Grenville Court of General Sessions of the Peace, 1800-1834.

In 1841 Nathan moved to Manchester, Washtenaw County, Michigan to live with his son William.

Nathan Baxter, departed this life on the 27th May, age 82 years 3 ½ months, of a lingering disease, supposed to be in the lungs. He was taken worse three weeks before death, and had terrible and heart rendering struggles for breath in the time, when death released the aged Father with hardly a struggle. . .

The first European settlements in Ontario were after the American Revolution when 5,000 loyalists left the new United States.

On February 7, 1813, the American army raided Elizabethtown (present day Brockville, Leeds County, Ontario). The Americans crossed the frozen St. Lawrence River and seized equipment, freed American prisoners, and captured Canadian men.


Alanson Baxter was born in 1790 in the United States.

He married Mary Polly Comstock.

Alanson and Polly's children probably included:

Nathan Baxter (1815, married Molly Mallory),
Hiram Baxter (1817),
Lathrop Baxter (1819, married Polly Comstock, daughter of Richardson Comstock), and
Eliza Baxter (1824).

In the August, 1820 census of Yonge Township, Leeds County, Ontario, Alanson Baxter was listed with 2 males, 1 female and 3 male children.

MaryPolly Comstock died before 1830.

Alanson married Clarissa Vandusen on March 9, 1830 in Yonge. Clarissa was the daughter of Peter Vandusen and Eva Hogaboom.

After Alanson died in 1875, Clarissa married Elisha Mallory on March 22, 1876 in Mallorytown.

The Battle of the Windmill was in November, 1838. Loyalists defeated an invasion attempt by Hunter Patriots, led by  Nils von Schoultz, who were attempting to overthrow British rule. The battle was at a windmill two miles east of Prescott.



Nathan Baxter was born about 1815. Nathan was a shoemaker.

He married Molly Mallory on December 29, 1836.

Milton Baxter (1841)


Hiram Baxter was born on February 20, 1817 and his wife, Eliza, was born on February 6, 1829.


Lathrop Baxter was born on January 13, 1819.

He married Polly Comstock Haige on May 22, 1839 in Ontario and witnesses were Archibald Mallory and Florantine Lapoint. The ceremony was performed by by the Reverend Cyrus R. Allison of Yonge.




from the History of Leeds and Grenville, Ontario

Richard Baxter, an early settler, had four sons, David, Hiram, Joel, and John. Mr. Baxter settled on Lot No. 36, in the 6th Concession, having removed his family from the State of Vermont on an ox sleigh.

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©Roberta Tuller 2019
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