An American Family History

Adams Families
associated with the Dwinnell Family

Chelmsford, Middlesex County, Massachusetts was incorporated in May, 1655

Jonathan Adams was born in Concord, Middlesex County, Massachusetts on January 6, 1646. He was the son of Lieutenant Thomas Adams.

He married Leah Gould on August 29. 1681. She was the daughter Francis and Rose Gould, of Chelmsford, Massachusetts.

His farm was in or near Littleton.

Jonathan and Leah's children included:
Edith Adams (1683, married Jacob Powers)
Mary Adams (1687),
Margaret Adams (1688),
Lydia Adams (1691, married Thomas Robbins),
Abigail Adams (1693),
Jonathan Adams (1695/96)
David Adams (1699, married Dorcas Paine),
Elizabeth Adams,
Edward Adams,
Rachel Adams (married Isaac Hildreth).

Jonathan died in Chelmsford on November 25, 1712.

Leah died in 1718.
Old Style Calendar
Before 1752 the year began on Lady Day, March 25th,. Dates between January 1st and March 24th were at the end of the year. Old Style (O.S.) and New Style (N.S.) are used to indicate whether the year has been adjusted. Often both dates are used.

Middlesex County, Massachusetts was created on May 10, 1643. The county originally included Charlestown, Cambridge, Watertown, Sudbury, Concord, Woburn, Medford, Wayland, and Reading.

In 1688, during the Glorious Revolution, the Protestant king and queen,William and Mary, took the English throne from Catholic King James II. The bloodless revolution profoundly impacted the American colonies.

David Adams was born March 29, 1699 in Chelmsford, Middlesex County, Massachusetts. He was the son of Jonathan Adams and Leah Gould.

He married Dorcas Paine who was born in Eastham, Massachusetts on February 20, 1699. She was the daughter of Elisha Paine and Rebecca Doane.

Jonathan Adams (1724, married Desire Ashcraft),
Levi Adams (1728, married Margaret Perkins),
Abel Adams (1730, married Deborah Young),
Elisha Adams (1733),
Dorcas Adams (1735),
Leah Adams (1738, married Isaiah Cain), and
Rebecca Adams (1742).

Leah and Isiah settled in Yonge Township, Leeds County, Ontario.

The first European settlements in Ontario were after the American Revolution when 5,000 loyalists left the new United States.


Walter Adams was born about 1787.

He married Freelove Golden in Yonge Township, Leeds County, Ontario.

Orrin Bailey Adams (married Elizabeth Mallory),
James Adams (married Betsy Judd),
Walter Adams, Jr. (married Rhoda Warner),
John Adams (1825, married Julia Slack),
Charles Adams,
Richard Adams,
Sally Adams (married William Kelly), and
Polly Adams (married George White).

Walter served in the 1st Leeds Militia during the War of 1812.





William Samuel Adams was born about 1756 in Newtown, Connecticut. He was the son of Dr. Samuel Adams and Martha Curtis.

He married Catherine Snyder the daughter of William Snyder and Ruth Crandall.

Catherine and William's children included:
Catherine Adams (1782),
Elijah Adams (1785, married Sarah Howard), and
Esther Adams (1789).

Catherine died in 1795 and he married Philena Hinds.


On February 7, 1813, the American army raided Elizabethtown (present day Brockville, Leeds County, Ontario). The Americans crossed the frozen St. Lawrence River and seized equipment, freed American prisoners, and captured Canadian men.

Elijah Adams was born about 1785 in Quebec. He was the son of William and Catherine Adams.

He married Sarah Howard.

Elijah and Sarah's children included:

Catherine Adams (1808, married Henry Mott),
Esther Adams (1812),
Dyer Adams (1812),
Ann Adams,
Joel Adams (1814),
George C. Adams (1816),
Edwin C. Adams (1822), and
Norton Adams (1827).

Elijah served in the 1st Leeds Militia during the War of 1812.

The Treasurer's Return, District of Johnstown in 1839 lists collector Elijah Adams, 5 wolf scalp certificates....7£ 10s.

Elijah died in 1856 in Yonge Township, Ontario, Canada.


John Adams was born March 11, 1752 in Sherborn, Massachusetts. He was the son of Moses Adams and Hepzibah Death.

He married Mary Rollins on January 25, 1774 in Dublin, New Hampshire. She was born in January, 1758 in Dublin and was the daughter of James Rollins and Abigail Downing.

Hepsebeth Adams (married Asa Robbins)
Abigail Adams (married Jonathan Wyman)
John Adams (married Polly Wright),
Henry Adams (married Hannah Ingalls),
Moses Adams (married Sally Scripture),
Mary Adams (married Asa Richardson),
James Adams (married Rebecca Farwell),
Joseph Adams (married Maria Cole), and
Jesse Adams.

Mary died on March 29, 1818 at Adams. John died on January 13, 1820 in Adams, Jefferson County, New York.




Historic Homes and Institutions and Genealogical and Personal Memoirs of Worcester County, Massachusetts by Ellery Bicknell Crane, Lewis Publishing, 1907

Jonathan Adams, son of Lieutenant Thomas Adams (2), was born in Concord, Massachusetts, January 6. 1646. He married, August 29. 1681, Leah Gould, twin daughter of Francis and Rose Gould, of Chelmsford, Massachusetts. She died in 1718. His farm was in or near Littleton. He died at Chelmsford, November 25, 1712.

Children of Jonathan and Leah Adams were:
Edith, born December 1, 1683;
Mary, May 13, 1687;
Margaret, June 24, 1688;
Lydia [Adams], April 2, 1691;
Abigail, November 9, 1693;
Jonathan, March 21, 1695-96;
David. March 29, 1699;
Rachel [Adams].

Chelmsford, Middlesex County, Massachusetts was incorporated in May, 1655

from History of Leeds and Grenville Ontario by Leavitt, Thad. W. H. and  Turner, E. A

Samuel Adams, of Edwardsburg, who, with his father, acted as a bearer of despatches from Montreal to Kingston, was, on the day of the battle at Crysler's in the neighborhood, and resolved to tarry and see the fun. Having no particular duty assigned to him by the officer in command, he resolved to have a foray on his own hook. Accordingly, in the morning, he left the British lines, and, making a detour through the Second Concession, came out to the river at Raney's farm, in the rear of the American army.

Just as he reached the King's Road, which, at that time, followed the margin of the river, a troop of the enemy s cavalry, that had been quartered at Louck's inn, dashed up at full speed. Resistance and flight being alike out of the question, he threw himself down behind an old log, which barely served to conceal him from the horsemen, who, in their hurry, passed within a few feet without observing him. He had not time to congratulate himself upon his narrow escape, before the noise of accoutrements warned him of the approach of a party on foot, and caused him to repent the rashness of his adventure.

He kept to his lair closely, until he should ascertain their numbers, and soon discovered that his alarm was caused by a brace of American officers, in dashing uniforms, who were leisurely sauntering up the road, their swords dangling on the ground, and a pair of pistols in each of their belts.

Adams felt quite relieved, that the odds were only two to one, and at once made up his mind to bag both of them. Leaving his ambuscade, he planted himself in front of them, and, levelling his musket, with an air of determination, summoned them to surrender their arms, or their lives. To his surprise, they surrendered at discretion, and, arming himself with their pistols, for his musket was unloaded, he marched them back to the woods, and reached headquarters, by the same route he had left, with his prize, in time to take part with the militia in the battle.

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©Roberta Tuller 2019
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