An American Family History

Richard Cheney

Cheney has also been spelled: Chain, Chainey, Chania, Chaney, Chany, Cheyney, and China.
The first European settlements in Maryland were made in 1634 when English settlers created a permanent colony.

Richard Cheney the Younger was was born about 1684 in All Hallows Parish, Anne Arundel, County, Maryland. An 1804 court case indicated that he was the oldest son of Richard and Eleanor Cheney.

His firs wife was Rachel Nicholson.

Richard and Rachel's children included:
Elizabeth Cheney (1709, married Greenbury Cheney),
Rachel Cheney (1711),
Mary Cheney Williams (1717, married John Williams), and
Rebecca Cheney (1721).

The plantiff in the 1804 case testified that Richard owned and lived on Cheney's Hazard.

Rachel died about 1721 when she was about 35 years old. She probably died in childbirth.

After she died, Richard married Mary Penn.

Richard Cheney (1724, married Susannah)
Edward Cheney (1726, married Mary Ijams),
Son Cheney
William Cheney (1729, married Elizabeth Piper),
Joseph Cheney (1730, married Edith Mendenall),
James  Cheney (1731)
Sarah  Cheney (1732)
Mary Cheney (1734, married John Duvall),
Rachel Cheney (1735, married James Ricketts),
Jemima Cheney (1736)
Jane Cheney (1738, married Thomas Bond),
Catherine Cheney (1740).

Richard died after 1750.

Childbirth was was perilous. Around 1.5 percent of births ended in the mother's death. Since women gave birth to many children, chances of dying in childbirth were quite high.


Maryland was established with religious freedom for Catholics. The colonial economy was based on tobacco cultivated by Africans who had been enslaved.

from the Descendants of Richard Cheney of Anne Arundel Maryland

Richard Cheney (Richard, Richard) was born 8 Mar 1683, in All Hallow's, Anne Arundel Co., Maryland. He married
(1) Rachel Nicholson 11 Dec 1707, in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland She was born 20 Sep 1688, in All Hallow's, Anne Arundel Co., Maryland.

They had 3 children:
Rachel Cheney, christened 12 Sep 1711, in All Hallow's, Anne Arundel Co., Maryland.
Elizabeth Cheney, died after 16 Nov 1725.
Mary Cheney, christened 28 Jul 1717, in All Hallow's, Anne Arundel Co., Maryland.

Rachel died before 11 Sep 1722.

Richard next married (2) Mary Penn 11 Sep 1722, in All Hallow's, Anne Arundel Co., Maryland.

They had 5 children:
Richard Cheney, born after 1722, in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland.
Edward Cheney, born after 1722, in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland.
John Cheney, born after 1722, in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland.
Joseph Cheney, born after 1722, died before 1784.
James Cheney, born after 1722, in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland.

Richard died after 24 Apr 1750.

In 1688, during the Glorious Revolution, the Protestant king and queen,William and Mary, took the English throne from Catholic King James II. The bloodless revolution profoundly impacted the American colonies.





from Maryland and Virginia Colonials by Sharon J. Doliante

Richard Cheney, III, b. "Thurs.", Mar. 8 1682/2; "buried March, 1719"; m. Dec. 11, 1707, Rachel Nicholson. The name of Rachel, the widow, appears on record in 1717 (Note: Mr. Newman, op. cit., identified this Richard as the one who m. Rachel Nicholson, but he had an uncle of the same name and same approximate age, and frankly we do not know how they can be distinguished one from the other.)

Issue of Richard and Rachel (Nicholson) Cheney:
i. Elizabeth Cheney, bapt. Sept. 12, 1711; m. Nov. 16 1725, her cousin Greenbury Cheney, son of Charles and Anne (Jones) Pattison Cheney.
ii. Rachel Cheney, bapt. September 12, 1711.
iii. Mary Cheney, bapt. July 28, 1717.
iv. Rebecca Cheney, bapt. June 24, 1721.



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©Roberta Tuller 2023
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