“Those who deny freedom to others deserve it not for themselves,
and, under a just God cannot retain it."
― Abraham Lincoln
The Potomac River flows into the Chesapeake Bay and is about 405 miles long.
Estate inventories give us a glance into the home life of Colonial Americans.
Lush forests in Colonial America allowed settlers to build wooden homes.
Kentucky was originally a county in Virginia and included the lands west of the Appalachians. In 1780, it was divided into Fayette, Jefferson, and Lincoln counties. Kentucky officially became a state on June 1, 1792.
She married Ninian Claggett (or Clagett). Ninian was born about 1750 in Prince George's County, Maryland.
Ninian Claggett appeared in the Maryland census of Frederick County in 1776 in the Lower Potomack Hundred township.
In 1776 parts of Frederick County became Montgomery County. Montgomery County is just north of Washington, D. C.
Ninian Claggett took the Fidelity Oath in 1778 in Montgomery County, Maryland
Euphon and Ninian's children included:
Thomas Wilson Claggett (1780),
Samuel Magruder Claggett (1782),
Mary Euphon Claggett Prather (1787, married Thomas W. Prather), James Wilson Claggett (1790, married Miriam McKee), and
Ruth Claggett (1792),
Nancy Claggett (1794),
Elizabeth Claggett Abernathy (1796),
John Douglas Claggett (1798).
In 1783 Ninian Clagett had 100 acres in Montgomery County called Flint's Grove. It was in the Sugarland and Upper Potomac Hundred. According to the Inventory Form for State Historic Site Survey, Flint's Grove was originally surveyed for John Flint in 1722.
At the time of the 1790 census the Ninian Claggett household was in Montgomery County, Maryland. The household consisted of 2 boys under 16, a man over 16 and 3 females.
Ninian Claggett was listed on the 1793 tax roll of Montgomery County.
Ninian died in October, 1805 in Fayette, Fayette County, Kentucky. He was buried in the Prather family cemetery in Fayette County.
To all whom it my Concern.
That I shall attend on the tract of land whereon the widow Clagett now lives, on the 4th day of January next with the county surveyor and precessioner, in order to establish and fix corners, if there should be any missing, and continue from day to day, uutil it is finished- the said tract of land was patented in the name of William Hays,
Given under my hand this 21st day of November, 1815.
AARON PRATHOR, Ex'or.
for Ninian Clagett, dec.
Euphon wrote her will on February 10, 1842 and died in 1843 in Henry, Kentucky.
Prince George's County, Maryland was created in 1696 from portions of Charles, and Calvert Counties. It was divided into six districts called hundreds: Mattapany, Patuxant, Collington, Mount Calvert, Piscattoway, and New Scotland. A part the county became Frederick County in 1748.
About 1715 English, Scottish and German settlers found their way to the Montgomery County, Maryland area. It was officially established from Charles, Prince George's, and Frederick counties in 1776.
Maryland was established with religious freedom for Catholics. The colonial economy was based on tobacco cultivated by Africans who had been enslaved.
18th century primer
Most Americans were farmers in the 18th and early 19th centuries.
John Clagett was born about 1713 in Prince George's County, Maryland. He married Sarah Magruder on July , 30 1739 in Rock Creek Parish, Montgomery County, Maryland. Sarah was born about 1724.
They lived at Clagett's Purchase in Montgomery County, Maryland in Georgetown, now part of the District of Columbia.
John was a justice of Frederick County and tobacco inspector. He was one of the first commissioners of Georgetown, serving from 1751 to 1772 and donated the land for the first school. He was a vestryman of Broad Creek Church.
He died in 1790.
from the History of Montgomery, Maryland
Georgetown was laid out in 1751 by an Act of the General Assembly, which set forth there was a convenient site for a
town at the mouth of Rock Creek on the Potowmack River,
adjacent to the Inspection House, called George Gordon's Rolling House, and that Captain Henry Wright Crabb, John Needham, John Clagett, James Perrie, Samuel Magruder the 3rd,
Josias Bead, and David Lynn, should be commissioned for
Frederick County, and authorized to purchase sixty acres of
Messrs. George Gordon and George Beall, at the place aforesaid,
to be erected into a town called George Town.
For the advantage of the town and encouragement of the back inhabitants, the
Commissioners were authorized to hold two Fairs annually, for
three successive days, during which every one attending the
same should be free from arrest, except for felony or breach of
In 1783, a tract of land called the Rock of Bymbarton
belonging to Thomas Beall, was added to the town. In 1789.
The town was incorporated, and Robert Peter was appointed.
Mayor, and John Mackall Garrett, Recorder. Brooke Beall,
Bernard O'Neal, Thomas Bead of George, James McCubbin J Lingan, John Thirlkeld, and John Peter, Aldermen, so long as
they shall well behave themselves therein.
The first European settlements in Maryland were made in 1634 when English settlers created a permanent colony.
The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, Volumes 1-20
by Kentucky Historical Society
The Claggett family was somewhat identified with early Woodford county. James Wilson Claggett was a son of Ninnian Claggett and Euphron Wilson, his wife, of Maryland, who came to Kentucky when a youth and located at Athens, Fayette county.
He married Miriam McKee, of the Woodford and Garrard county families of that name. They moved to Elkton, Todd county. where they reared the following children: William, Ann Eliza, Zerelda Jane, John James, Mary Euphron, Lutitia McKee, David McKee, Sarah Ellen, Marion and Squire Henry.
The father, J. W. Claggett, died at Hillside, the home of his son-in-law, Alexander McPheeters Hutchison, in Woodford county about three miles northwest of Troy, and within a half mile of “Elm Corner" Presbyterian church, and his remains were interred in the family burying ground immediately back of the residence.
His wife, Miriam McKee, was a daughter of David McKee, who was an early settler in Woodford, coming with his brother, Robert, grandfather of the late Dr. John R. MeKee. David McKee married Anne Dunlap, of Woodford county, and later moved to Jessamine county, near Union Mills. (See Register, May, 1921, page 91.)
Seals were used to authenticate documents and men were expected to have a personal die. Records in deed books are copies and signatures are usually in the clerk’s handwriting. The clerk drew a circle around the word “seal” to indicate that the original document was sealed.
In the name of God, Amen. I Euphon Clagett of the county of Henry and State of Kentucky knowing that it is appointed unto all men must die and that to the aged the time therefore is uncertain being weak in body but of sound mind and disposing memory do make, ordain, declare and publish this my last will and testament ? all others. Item,
It is my will and devise that my body be intered and that my funeral expenses and just debts be first paid. . .
I give and bequeath then in the following manner to wit:
Item, I give to my daugher, Elizabeth Abernethy twenty five acres of land including the dwelling house to be laid of in good convenient form to her and her heirs forever.
Item, I give to my three sons John, James, and Thomas W. Clagett the balance of my farm to them and their heirs or assigns forever.
Item, I give to my daughers, Mary Prather and Elizabeth Abernethy my negro girl Patsy to them and their heirs forever.
It is my wish and desire that all the balance of my estate be divided equally amongst all my chidlren to share and share alike.
Lastly, I appoint my son Thomas W. Clagett my Executor to this my last will and testament and desire that he will carry my will into effect as soon as may be after my decease.
In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this 10th day of Feb. in the year of our Lord 1842.
Signed and knowledged in the presence of
Charles T. Chilton.
Recorded during the first county court session, 1843.
Slavery is an immoral system of forced labor where people are treated as property to be bought and sold. It was legal in the American Colonies and the United States until the Civil War.