The State of Franklin was an unrecognized, independent state in what is now eastern Tennessee. It was created in 1784 with the intent of becoming the fourteenth state. Its first capital was Jonesborough. It existed for about four and a half years and then North Carolina re-assumed control.
East Tennessee is part of Appalachia. At the end of the French and Indian War, colonists began drifting into the area. In 1769, they first settled along the Watauga River. During the Revolution, the Overmountain Men defeated British loyalists at the Battle of Kings Mountain. The State of Franklin was formed in the 1780s, but never admitted to the Union.
Colonel John Tipton was born on August 15, 1730 in Baltimore County, Maryland.
His first wife was Mary Butler. Mary was born in 1732.
Mary and John's children included:
Samuel Tipton (1752 - 1833, married Susannah Reneau),
Benjamin Tipton (1755 - 1807),
Abraham Tipton (1758-1781),
William (Fighting Billy) Tipton (1761 - 1849, married Phebe Moore, his step-sister)
Isaac Tipton (1763 - 1827),
Jacob Tipton (1765 - 1791),
John Tipton (1767 - 1831), and
Jonathan Tipton (1776 - 1858).
John was a captain in Lord Dunmore's war in 1774 and was a lieutenant in the Shenandoah County, Virginia, militia during the Revolutionary War.
He was a member of the Virginia House of Delegates in 1776 and 1778-1781.
In 1778, a Joseph Tipton took the oath of allegiance in what would become Washington County, Tennesee.
In 1782 Jonathan Tipton was security for the appearance of John Odell to the Washington County Court.
In 1783 he moved to the Watauga Settlement and lived on
Turkey Creek, eight or ten miles east of Jonesboro.
"The Battle of the State of Franklin" took place at John Tipton's house in 1788. North Carolina authorities seized some of the people John Sevier had enslaved. Sevier and his supporters came to the Tipton house to reclaim them. The North Carolinians rebuffed them and this signaled the end of the State of Franklin.
John was a member of the North Carolina General Assembly as senator and representative in 1786-1787.
He was in the Tennessee State Senate from 1796 to 1799.
He died on August 9, 1813 in Washington County, Tennessee.
Jonesborough in 1857
In 1774 Governor Dunmore declared war against Native Americans. The war ended after Virginia's victory in the Battle of Point Pleasant on October 10, 1774. However, during the American Revolution, the Indian nations regained power and mobilized to attack the colonists.
Shenandoah County, Virginia was established in 1772. It was originally Dunmore County.
Jonesborough, Washington County, Tennessee was founded in 1779. In 1784, it became the capital of the State of Franklin.
Tennessee was admitted to the Union on June 1, 1796. It was initially part of North Carolina.
Joseph Tipton (1738) and Elizabeth Denton
Elizabeth Tipton (1757, married Charles Reno/Reneau,
Jonathan Tipton (1759),
John Tipton (1768),
Stephen Tipton (1774),
Benjamin Tipton (1778), and
Joseph Tipton (1780).
North Carolina was one of the thirteen original Colonies. It was first settled by small farmers and grew quickly in the mid 18th century.
Washington County, Tennessee Marriages
Tipton, Hanna — Rogers, Robert – 13 Jul 1793
Tipton, John — Murey, Sarah – 12 Jan 1793
Tipton, Jonathan — ? - 27 Feb 1795
Tipton, Joshua — Hagar, Rachel – 18 Mar 1799
Tipton, Thomas — Lacy, Rebekah – 23 Jul 1791
Tipton, Stephen–Rachel Murray, 22 Dec 1801
from A History of Shenandoah County, Virginia by John W. Wayland
Col. John Tipton was Justice and Vestryman of Beckford Parish of Dunmore and Shenandoah;
Shenandoah Captain in Dunmore's War;
Revolutionary officer, County Lieutenant and Sheriff of Shenandoah;
Representative of Dunmore in the Virginia Constitutional Convention of 1776 and in the Virginia House of Delegates, 1776-1777,
Representative of Washington County, North Carolina (now Tennessee) in the Jonesboro or Franklin conventions of 1784 and 1785;
Representative in the North Carolina Senate, Representative of Washington County in the House of Representatives of the Territory of the U.S. South of the River Ohio;
Representative of Washington County in the Tennessee Constitutional Convention of 1796;
Representative of Washington County in the Tennessee Senate.
Capt. John Tipton’s roll
John Tipton, Capt.;
Francis McFall, Sgt.;
William Artrip, Sgt.;
Nathias McGlamary, Sgt.;
Joseph Hopkins; Joseph Denton, deserted; Thomas Denton;
George Parkerson, deserted;
Jacob Kirkland, deserted;
Caspar McKentirf, deserted;
Richard Johnson; Jonas Denton; David Job; Samuel Odel; Jesse Job;
from Carter County, Tennessee Deeds
Books A-B (FHL film 847,620; from Alice Duncan 1978)
B-3: 22 March 1803, Wm. Walker to Jonathan Tipton (very dark) Sevier Co., State of TN, sold to Jonathan Tipton a small negro girl about 6 yrs. old for $300. The same that I gave my bill of sale to Joseph Dobson in Burk Co. NC. Wit. R. Wear, Abraham Tipton.