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An American Family History

 

The Robertson Family

 
  Also spelled as Robinson, Robison, Robeson, Roberson and Robertson.  
     
 

John Robertson was born on May 8, 1723 in Bristol Parish, Prince George (now Dinwiddie) County, Virginia. His father was Israel Robertson.

His wife was named Mary.

James Robertson (1742, married Charlotte Reeves),
John Roberson (1743),
Charles Robertson (1749),
Elijah Robertson (1752),
Elizabeth Robertson (1752),
Mark Robertson (1755), and
Ann Robertson (1757).

James, two Johns, Mark and Elijah Robertson signed the 1777 Petition of Holston Men.

 
     
     
The Holston River in northeast Tennessee has given its name to Holston Mountain and the Holston Valley.

The American Revolution was ended in 1783 when the Treaty of Paris was signed.

Slavery is an immoral system of forced labor where people are treated as property to be bought and sold. It was legal in the American Colonies and the United States until the Civil War.

Fincastle County, Virginia was created in 1772 from Botetourt County and abolished in 1776. It was divided into Montgomery, Washington and Kentucky Counties.

Colonel Charles Robertson was born on July 24, 1733 in Brunswick County, Virginia. His father was Israel Robertson.

He married Susannah Nichols.

Julius Robertson (1758),
Keziah Robertson (1759, married Robert Sevier),
William Robertson (1761),
Charles Robertson (1762),
Susan Robertson (1763),
Sarah Robertson (1765),
George Robertson (1767), and
Rosamond Robertson (1770, married Russell Bean).

In 1774 Julius served in the Fincastle County Militia during Lord Dunmore's War.

In 1777, Washington County, Tennessee was formed and the first meeting to decide the location of the new courthouse was at the Robertson's home. They decided that John Carter, Andrew Greer, William Cobb, Jacob Womack, George Russell, John Sevier, and James Stuart would plan the courthouse.

On August 27, 1778 Charles Robertson took the oath of allegiance.

The 1778 Washington County court ordered that David Hickey be fined 5£ for insulting the Court and Charles Robertson Jr. was his security.

In 1778-1780:

Charles Robertson came in court and acknowledged the conveyance of 640 acres of land unto Matthew Talbot and the same is ordered recorded.
Charles Robertson, Esqur. came into court and acknowledged the conveyance of 115 acres of land unto Matthew Arthur and the same is ordered to be recorded.
640 acres of land from Charles Robertson to Joshua Houghton, proved by Thomas Houghton.
587 acres of land from Charles Robertson to Thomas Houghton, Esqur. Charles Robertson, 340 acres of land to John McMahon, recorded.
Charles Robertson, 487 acres to Robert Young, record.
Chas. Robertson, 400 acres to John Been, record.
Wm. McNabb to Elijah Robertson 206 acres of land so recorded.
Charles Robertson, 420 acres to William Been, recorded.
Charles Robertson, 560 acres to William Been, recorded.
Chas. Robertson, to Chris. Cunningham land, also four others, of 530, 300, 640, 390 acres to Rob. Lucas and 300 acres to Edw. Lucas.
Charles Robertson, 400 acres to William Sharp, recorded.
Charles Robertson, 480 acres to Garrett Fitzgerald
Charles Robertson, 240 acres of land to Christopher Cunningham—if not entered before.
Charles Robertson, 580 acres of land to Shadrack Morriss.
Charles Robertson, 640 acres to Jarrett Fitzgerald.
Charles Roberson overseer of road from Little Ford on the Holston to Matthew Talbert's on the Watauga.

In the summer of 1780 Major Charles Robertson led the Watauga troops on the campaign in South Carolina.

A bond from William Cox to Charles Robertson dated 2 Feb. 1795,
relinquishing the following to Robertson:

bond on Martin Armstrong for 275 pounds Virginia money;
a deed on Mark Mettle for $1100; debt on William Thompson for 2 negroes and $200;
bond on David Allison for a negro,
agreement of Michael Harrison for 40 pounds;
debt on Charles Doke for 100 pounds; and all household furniture.
Void if Cox pays Robertson in two months.
Witnessed by William Willson and Joseph Cobb.

On September 12, 1788, Charles Robertson sold John Tadlock a negro girl named Margaret for 75£ Virginia money. Julias Robertson witnessed the sale.

In 1795, Charles Robertson and Jesse Payne supervised the land to be laid out next to the prison in Jonesborough and he received permission to keep a public house in Jonesborough.

He died on August 31, 1798 in Washington County, Tennessee.

Brunswick County, Virginia was established in 1720 from Prince George County. In 1732 the county received more land from parts of Surry and Isle of Wight counties. Brunswick County extended to the Blue Ridge until 1745, when new counties were formed and the current western border established.

East Tennessee is part of Appalachia. At the end of the French and Indian War, colonists began drifting into the area. In 1769, they first settled along the Watauga River. During the Revolution, the Overmountain Men defeated British loyalists at the Battle of Kings Mountain. The State of Franklin was formed in the 1780s, but never admitted to the Union.
American colonists continued to use British monetary units, namely the pound, shilling and pence for which £1 (or li) equalled 20s and 1s equalled 12d. In 1792 the dollar was established as the basic unit of currency.
     
 

General James Robertson was born 28 Jun 1742 in Brunswick County, Virginia. He was the son of John Robertson and Mary Gower.

He married Charlotte Reeves on January 17, 1768 in Wake County, North Carolina.

William Blount Robertson,
Jonathan Friar Robertson,
James Robertson, Jr.,
Delilah Robertson Bosley,
Peyton Robertson,
Felix Robertson,
Charlotte Robertson Napier and
Lavinia Robertson Craighead.

In 1774 James was a sergeant in the Fincastle County Militia during Lord Dunmore's War.

In 1776, James Robertson was a captain in the Cherokee Expedition.

James Robertson signed the 1777 petition of men living on the north Holston River complaining about the division of Fincastle County. They felt the line was not equitable and the court house was too far away.

James died on September 1, 1814 in Tennessee.

In 1774 Governor Dunmore declared war against Native Americans. The war ended after Virginia's victory in the Battle of Point Pleasant on October 10, 1774. However, during the American Revolution, the Indian nations regained power and mobilized to attack the colonists.
 
 

Yokum's Station was the local fort for the Turkey Cove area. Turkey Cove is in Lee County, Virginia which was in Washington County. The fort was built about 1780 by George Yokum.

James Roberson or Robinson was born between 1770 and 1775.

He lived in Lee County, Virginia. He lived at Turkey Cove near Yokum's Station (or Yoakum Station) now Dryden, on the Wilderness Road, seven miles west of Big Stone Gap in Lee County, Virginia. Some sources say he was a tavern keeper. 

He married Catharina Helvey, about 1810 in Sullivan County, Tennessee or Wythe County, Virginia. She had gone to the Watauga Settlement (Carter County, Tennessee) in 1803 after the false alarm over the death of her first "husband," the trader, Joseph Barron, but perhaps moved with her uncle to Sullivan County and later returned to Wythe County.

James was listed in the 1810 census of Wythe County, Virginia

1 male 26-45 (himself),
1 female 26-25 (wife Catherine),
and 3 females under 10 (step-daughter Joanna, plus two unknowns).

James and Catherine probaby moved to Lee County, Virginia about 1813.

James bought 67 acres on Turkey Creek [Powell's Creek] in Lee County from Jonathan Tipton for $180 on 22 March 1813 (recorded 27 April 1813), and bought 40 acres from Laurence and Barbary Feathers for $113 on 9 August 1814.

James Robertsom was listed in the 1820 census of Lee County. The household consisted of

1 male over 45 (himself),
1 female 26-45 (wife Catherine),
1 male 16-26 (step-son Gale Barron),
1 female 16-26 (step-daughter Joanna Barron),
1 female 10-16 (daughter Catherine),
and 3 males under 10 (sons Rufus, Craig, and Benjamin).

James  made his will on January 15, 1835 in Lee County. The will was witnessed by John B. Collier, Francis Gilley, and Isom Collier. It was proved at Lee County on 21 March 1836.

The will devised several tracts of land on both sides of Turkey River [Powell River] to his sons, and stated that his daughter Regina was underage.

 


 
 

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from Lunenburg County, Virginia Deed Book 7, p. 128

I, Isral Roberson Sr of Granville County, North Carolina, for divers causes and the love I have for my son Charles Roberson, have granted to Charles Roberson, one tract of land of 200 acres in Lunenburg County and bounded by Rosses Branch [and] Thomas Ross.
Israel (his X mark) Roberson.
Wit: Nicholas Roberson,
Henry (his X mark) King,
George Nichols.
Recorded: September 1, 1761.

 
 
 
 

from Lunenburg County, Virginia Deed Book 7, p. 130.

Charles Roberson and his wife, Susana, of Granville County, North Carolina, to George King of same for £40, one tract of 200 acres in Lunenburg County and bounded by the county line [and] Reedy Branch. The land was first received by Israel Roberson and made to Carles Roberson in Lunenburg County.
Charles (his X mark) Roberson, Susanna Roberson.
Wit: George Nichols,
Robert (his X mark) King,
Daniel Collson.
Recorded: September 1, 1761.
 
 
 
American colonists continued to use British monetary units, namely the pound, shilling and pence for which £1 (or li) equalled 20s and 1s equalled 12d. In 1792 the dollar was established as the basic unit of currency.

from Washington County, VA Survey Records Abstracts 1781-1797, submitted to the USGenWeb archives by Rhonda Robertson

William Robeson,
assignee of William Elmsis
400 ac at the mouth of Yellow Creek,
includes improvements, actual
settlement made in 1775
August 23, 1781


William Robeson,
assignee of John Anderson, assignee of John Thompson
400 ac
on both sides of Clinch River at the mouth of Brown's branch
98 ac surveyed for John Anderson on
May 24, 1774, includes improvements, actual
settlement made in 1769
August 23, 1781

William Robeson
400 ac
on the north side of Copper Creek in Cassells Woods, includes
improvements,
actual settlement made in 1774
August 25, 1781

William Robeson,
assignee of
John Rowland
400 ac
on both sides of Clinch River, includes improvements, actual settlement made in
1770
August 30, 1781


David Robinson, assignee of James Perry,
assignee of Peter Anderson, assignee of William
Wilkinson, assignee of Aaron Lewis
125 ac
treasury warrant #1960
dated December 20, 1781
in the New Garden on Whitesides fork of Thompsons Creek, the waters of Clinch River
on the east side of the gap of a ridge


William Robeson
300 ac
Preemption warrant #2465,
dated June 14, 1783
on the north side of Powells River and joining his settlement right on the lower end
beginning on the bank of the river below the mouth of Yellow creek on a line of the settlement right
March 22, 1786


William Robeson
185 ac
Commissioners Certificate
on both sides of Clinch River and beginning on the south side of the round about down the river
passing the mouth of Dumps
November 10, 1785
Samuel Robertson
123 ac
treasury
warrant
on the Rich Mountain at an old crossing in the gap of the Mountain and joining James Dysart
beginning on the south side of the mountain on the top of the mountain corner to James Dysart by the old path
May 6, 1785

William Robeson
160 ac
treasury warrant
on both sides of Mill Creek in Cassell's Woods,
the waters of Clinch River beginning corner to his settlement right
corner to John Damerell's land
117 ac by Preemption warrant
dated December 18, 1781
#1955
and 43 ac
by part of preemption warrant #2465 dated June 13, 1783
November 9, 1785


William Robeson
185 ac
Commissioners Certificate
on both sides of Clinch River and beginning on the south side of the round about down the river
passing the mouth of Dumps
November 10, 1785

William Robeson
300 ac
Commissioners Certificate
on both sides of Clinch River include the Cow Bottom and Andersons improvement
beginning on the north bank of the river in a bend by the shallow ford by the deep ford
crossing the river and into Anderson's island
by a path
November 11, 1785...

William Robeson
400 ac
Commissioners Certificate
on both sides of Mill Creek, a branch of Clinch river, in Cassell's Woods
beginning on the top of the river ridge
corner to Beckley's land
crossing the creek
corner to Porter's land
passing Porter's corner
November 9, 1785...


William Robeson
214 ac
treasury warrant #2465 dated June 13, 1783
on both sides ofClinch River below the Eagles Nest
beginning on the south side of the river
down the river opposite Calhoon's Island crossing the river at the grassey
Island
November 10, 1785

William Robeson
400 ac
Commissioners Certificate
on the north side of Powells River and on both sides of Yellow Creek
corner to George Moss's settlement right
crossing the mouth of Yellow Creek
March 22, 1786...

John Robeson
79 ac
treasury warrant #8144
on the waters of Reedy Creek, a north branch of Holstein River
beginning near Pendletons by the mill
April 9, 1789

John Robertson
30 ac
treasury warrant #15028
on the waters of Bakers Creek, a branch of the middle fork of Holstein River
corner to David Beatie's & Daniel Perkins land
on David Beaties & Mathew Ryburns line
on Daniel Perkins line
March 31, 1790

John Robinson
121 ac
treasury warrant #8185
on a branch of the south fork of Holstein River
by the wagon road
September 23, 1790



The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States of America and was ratified in 1789.

 
 
 

from Present in Tennessee 1789; Washington County, Tennessee Deeds

10 Nov 1789
Charles Robinson/Robertson, Sener, and wife Susannah, sell to John Tadlock...650 acres on branch of Nolechockey River on the north side...in consideration of 700 Lbs...adjacent to Thomas Gillaspey, McAdams, McCray
Charles Robinson
Susannah Robinson
Witnesses:
Noah Hawthorn
Andrew Haynes
Isaac Collet
Feb 1790

 
 
 
 

from Bulletin of The Genealogical Society of Old Tryon County, Volume XXIII, February 1995, Number 1, pg 30. Rutherford Co., NC., Deed Book Q, pg 193.

William Jinnins and wife Martha of Rutherford Co., NC.,
to John Rhea of same,
75 pounds,
250 acres on the west side of Robesons Creek,
granted 20 February 1771 to Thomas Robertson, the conveyed to Martha Murgan 6 December 1786.
Wit. Abel Lewis, Clayburn Burnet, John Roe.
#1928,
23 January 1797.

 
 
 
 

from Washington County, Tennessee Will Book 1, p. 44.

Colonel Charles Robertson's Will
Know all whom these presents may concern,
That Charles Robertson Sen. of the County of Washington & State of Tennessee on the thirty first day of August in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and ninety eight [August 1, 1798] have my last will and testament, as I think myself perfectly in my senses and capable of disposing of my estate as I think best,

In the first place I think best to appoint Charles Robertson Jr. & James Gordon & Jacob Brown my executors to act and settle my business & after all my just & lawful debts is paid & settled the ballance to be disposed of as follows

I do bequeath unto my wife Susanna Robertson negroe Peter & Poll her bed & furniture sufficient for the same until the said Susannah death then they to be divided equally divided amongst my sons and all my personal exceptions that is

that William Robertson to have negroe Kate deducted or the price there of out of his part

Rosamond Beane to have the price of negroe Rhood deducted out of her part

Keseah Sevier to have a likely smart negroe girl which is to be the full amount of her share

Sarah Cox to have ten dollars which is also to be the full amount of her part there is also excepted out of my real estate two thousand acres of land lying at the mussel shoals which is to be taken out of eight thousand acre tract one thousand to be given to James Gordon and the other thousand to be given to Charles Sevier

In testimony whereof I have set my hand the day and year first above written
Chas. Robertson Sen.

 
 
 
 

from Dropped Stitches in Tennessee History by John Allison

When Parton was preparing his life of Jackson, some one gave him the information that Col. Charles Roberson, Bean's father-in-law, was

an illiterate old man, who had fought under Sevier at King's Mountain and made campaigns against the Indians.

This statement, unqualified, does Col. Roberson injustice. He was one of the heroes of King's Mountain, and had engaged in many campaigns against the Indians. He was not an educated man, but the various responsible positions to which he was appointed, including that of chairman of the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, according to early records at Jonesboro, and speaker of the Senate in the last General Assembly of the State of Franklin, 1787, testify to his intelligence, as well as the esteem and confidence in which he was held by his countrymen.

 
 
 
 

Washington County Marriages

ROBERTSON, David married CURREY, Sarah on 24-DEC-1793
ROBERTSON, Frances married VAUGHN, Richard on 27-OCT-1817
ROBERTSON, Francis married CRAWFORD, Mary M on 15-SEP-1835
ROBERTSON, Jacob married WHEELOCK, Elizabeth on 19-SEP-1794
ROBERTSON, Jane married DUNCAN, Robert A on 17-MAR-1830
ROBINSON, Catharine married HILTON, Joseph on 09-OCT-1827
ROBINSON, David married JENKINS, Nancy on 03-FEB-1820
ROBINSON, David married JENKINS, Nancy on 03-FEB-1821
ROBINSON, John married JONES, Ann on 28 August 1823
ROBINSON, Maria married FLETCHER, William on 04-NOV-1825
ROBINSON, Samuel married CHESTER, Martha on 13-DEC-1824
ROBISON, Daniel married RITCHIE, Polly on 16-FEB-1799
ROBISON, James married JENKINS, Ascaia on 11-APR-1827
ROBISON, John married BROWN, Jane on 01-NOV-1831
ROBISON, Sarah married BOREN, Abraham on 02-MAY-1833