The Ford Families of
Washington and Sullivan Counties, Tennessee
also spelled Foard
East Tennessee is part of Appalachia. At the end of the French and Indian War, colonists began drifting into the area. In 1769, they first settled along the Watauga River. During the Revolution, the Overmountain Men defeated British loyalists at the Battle of Kings Mountain. The State of Franklin was formed in the 1780s, but never admitted to the Union.
Lloyd Ford was born about 1748 in Baltimore, Maryland
He married Mary Grant.
Lloyd and Mary's children included:
James Ford (1776)
Lloyd Ford, Jr. (1784, married Mary Wood)
John Ford (married Susan),
The family moved to the Watauga Settlement after the American Revolution
The 1787 Washington County tax list included Benjamin, Lloyd Jr. Lloyd Sr., Mordecai, and Thomas Ford.
In 1783 Lloyd bought land.
370 acres 1783 on Sinking Creek
200 1783 aces on Cavatty Mill Creek
379 acres on Sinking Creek
200 acres on Cavatt Mill Br.
In 1809 and 1811 Lloyd, Sr. sold land on Sinking Creek to his sons John and James.
The first European settlements in Maryland were made in 1634 when English settlers created a permanent colony.
Aug. 27, 1778- Washington County Court
Benjamin Rodgers vs. Peter Ford.
Caveat returned by the Sheriff, settled and agreed. All fees paid.
Slavery is an immoral system of forced labor where people are treated as property to be bought and sold. It was legal in the American Colonies and the United States until the Civil War.
Washington County Tennessee Role Book 13, Page 64-65
Know all Men by these presence,
I , Loyd Ford, senior of County of Washington, hath bargained sold and delivered unto my son John Ford of the County and State aforesaid, One Negro Boy named Jason, about four years old, for and in consideration of -- --- to me in hand paid by the said John Ford, I do by these presence warrant and forever defend the said Negro to him the said John Ford, his heirs and assigns forever from all other person or persons whatsoever. ----
Witness my hand and seal this Eighth Day of August, One Thousand Eight Hundred and Four . After the death of Loyd Ford, Senior and his wife, this Negro is to be the property of John Ford.
Samuel May--- Magen
Received of John Ford one Bay Horse in full consideration for the Negro Boy mentioned in the within Bill of Sale, Witness my hand and seal the date above.
Washington County, Tennessee Roll 198, Book 12, Page 204
This indenture made and concluded upon this One Thousand Eight Hundred and Nine  between Loyd Ford, Senior of the State of Tennessee, Washington County, of the one part and James Ford of the same county and State of the other part.
Withnesseth that the said Loyd Ford, Senior for and in consideration of the sum of Twenty Dollars and Sixty Six Cents to him in hand paid the receipt which is acknowledge hath Bargined and Sold to James Ford, his heirs and assignees forever all that tract or parcel of land situated in the County aforesaid on Sinking Creek....
Washington County, Tennessee Roll 198, Book 13, Page 233-5
This indenture made and concluded upon this Seventeenth Day of July Eighteen Hundred and Eleven , between Loyd Ford, Senior of the State of Tennessee, Washington County, of the one part and John Ford, son of the said Lloyd Ford, of the same county and State of the other part. Withnesseth that the said Lloyd Ford, as for the good will that he haseth to his said son, as for and in consideration of the sum of Ten Dollars, to him in hand paid, the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged, hath given ,granted, bargained and sold ---- conveyed and confirmed unto him, the said John Ford, his heirs and assigns forever, all that tract or parcel of land situated in the County aforesaid on Sinking Creek
Barney Ford was born about 1750 in Maryland. He married Mary Cole.
Their children were born in Maryland and the approximate dates of birth are:
Mordecai Ford (1784),
Elizabeth Ford (1786),
Horatio Ford (1788),
Thomas Ford (1790),
Micajah Ford (1792),
Ezckiel Ford (1796),
Nimrod Ford (1798),
Barney Ford (1801),
Ruth Ford (1804), and
Moses Ford (1806).
Roll No. 198, Book 12. Page 70-72
This indenture, made and concluded and agreed upon this Twenty Seventh Day of December in the year of our Lord One Thousand Eight Hundred and Eight 
between Peter Range of the County of Washington and State of Tennessee of the one part and Mary Ford, widower of Barney Ford deceased, Mordecai Ford, Elizabeth Ford, Horatio Ford, Thomas Ford, Micajah Ford, Ezckiel Ford, Nimrod Ford, Barney Ford, Ruth Ford, Moses Ford, children and heirs of the said Barney Ford, deceased, of the other part.
Witness to that the said Peter Range for and in consideration of the sum of thirteen hundred dollars, eight hundred and eighty dollars of which said sum was paid to the said Peter Range by the said Barney Ford now deceased, in his lifetime, the reside of said sum of thirteen hundred dollars to wit, the sum of four hundred and twenty dollars which was paid to Peter Range by Mary Ford, the widow of said Barney Ford, deceased, she receipt of said several sums is by these presents hereby acknowledged, the said Peter Range hath by these witnesses grant, bargain and sell unto the said Mary Ford, widower of the said Barney Ford, one undivided third part of the following tract of land ...
Barney Ford's Estate We Henry King Jacob & Jacob Hunter Justices of the piece being appointed by the court of said county to settle with Mary Ford administrator of Barny Ford, Deceased, do find the whole amount together with the amount arising from the sale (after the Said administrator has paid all demands against said estate) is six hundred sixty two dollars and eighty two cents. There is eleven legatees which sum being equally divided among them there is sixty dollars & twenty cents and seven elevenths of a cent to each. Given under our hands and seals this 39th day of December 1809.
Stilyards are weighing scales.
Cattle were vital to a household and an important legacy.
Unweaned cattle are calves.
Female cattle are heifers and cows (had a calf).
Male cattle are steers (castrated) and bulls.
Oxen are trained draft animals and are often castrated adult male cattle.
Barney Ford's Estate Sale.
One wagon, two horses, two pair of gears and one collar and one pair of forced chains - $231.00
Table and crockery ware, chest and clothes, dresser ware - $1.00
4 pots, two ovens, tin kettle - $10.00
1 bushel, 1 bucket, 1 pale, 1 iron wedge ring - $1.50.
one frying pan, ladle,& flesh fork pot hooks - $1.00
Shovel & tongs - $1.50
2 bread baskets and sifters -$.75.4
beds, covering, bed steads - $20.00
3 axes - $3.00
5 chairs- $1.00
one pair of fire irons - $3.00
one pair smoothing irons - $.25
one looking glass - $.05
Crosscut saw - $8.00
two wheels & reel - $.20
two hoes - $.50,
one pair of steelyards - $3.06,
crocks, chun, fat tubs and bucket - $1.00,
tub and meat - $1.00,
3 reap hooks - $1.64,
39 lbs. of iron and remant of iron - $2.35,
6 hogs - $3.00,
3 cows - $24.00,
3 caves -$4.08 ,
one plow - $.80,
2 sheep- $2.50,
one plow - $1.00,
one cutting box and fork - $2.15.
Horatio Ford; One saddle; $7.00, one pair saddle bags; $2.00 one collar and bridle; $1.50, one pair of spurs; $.20 one gun and fixings; $16.00, one set of smiths tools and handsaw; $80.00, one horse; $39.99,
Mordecai Ford; one halter collar, trowel & curry comb; $.16
John Bickering; one halter and chain; $.51
John Norwood; one halter and chain; $.53.
Jacob Norge; one pair hams and chain; $1.35
John Malone [Jr.]; auger; $.94, one hoe; $.60, one x; $.20, one grindstone; $2.75, 3 sheep; $3.53, one chest; $.22.
Personal property can be called personalty (personality), goods, chattels, articles, or movable property. It includes both animate or inanimate property.
James wrote his will in Washington County, Tennessee on January 18, 1845. He named the two daughters of Grant Ford, namely Elizabeth Ford and Casey Ford my two beds; my land to Rebecca Ford. It was witnessed byWilliam B. Proffitt and Daniel B. Proffitt. Proved on oath of both witnesses December term 1846
The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States of America and was ratified in 1789.
Lloyd Ford was born about 1748 in Baltimore County, Maryland.
He married Mary Wood.
Mary and Lloyd's children may have included:
James Ford (1776, married Cassandra),
Lloyd Ford (1784, married Nancy Jackson and Mary Branstetter),
Rebecca Ford (1788, married William Jackson),
Alexander Ford (1789, married Mary Ann Johnson)
Grant Ford (1792, married Ellen Griffith),
Benjamin Ford (1794)
Nancy J. Ford (1795, married William Jackson)
William Ford (1797, married Mary Johnson)
Enoch Ford (1800, married Elizabeth Grimsley) and
Thomas Ford (1802, married Elizabeth Chandler).
Lloyd also had children with the women he enslaved.
Lloyd Ford Jr. applied for his Revolutionary War pension on April 13, 1833.
Lloyd Ford Jr. died at about the age of 96 in the year of 1843.
After his death the family quarreled over a deed that Lloyd had made freeing his slaves and allowing them to use his land.
Lloyd Ford's Will
I want all my personal estate to be sold and the amount arising there from to be equally divided between my seven sons, namely, James, Granites, Alexander, William, Enoch, Thomas, and Benjamin.
I want my land and Negroes to be disposed of in the following manner.
I want Lloyd III, my son, to have one acre of land to live upon during his natural life,
and I want my Negroes to have their freedom, namely,
Peg and her family,
Rhoda and her family,
Edward and his family,
Lark and his family, and
I want them to have the land to live on and raise their families on, but if they should see proper to leave the plantation, I want it to be equally divided between Thomas and Benjamin.
I want the line to run between them beginning on Granites Ford's line below the spring running to James Arterburne's line with the cross fence,
I want the North End for Thomas and the rest for Benjamin
I want the heirs of Rebecca Jackson to have one dollar and the heirs of Nancy Jackson to have one dollar.
I appoint James Ford and Granites my Executors.
In Witness Whereof I here sat my hand and seal this First Day of March One Thousand Eight Hundred and Forty.
Testimony of Susan Ford
Witness on behalf of the defendants., being sworn, states in substance;
Old Lloyd Ford was my Brother in Law, For the past 12 years of his life I lived in 1 mile of him. He came to see us right often. I was down at Henry Millers School House at a meeting the spring before his wife died, I asked him how his wife was, he replied that she was dead, On the same day as I was going home he overtook me and asked me who I was. Lloyd, I said, it is your brother, John Ford's wife. He declared that he never had a brother John. My husband was then still living. I think it was 5 or 6 years ago but I am not certain. For 8 or 9 years he did not know me when he would met me. I do not know whether the old man ever gave any of his children any property or not, His sons treated him well. Our two families were always friendly. My husband died first. Old Lloyd came in the spring to bleed my husband. He did not seem to know his own children, he would ask who they were. He did not know Ben. Ben is the youngest child, Ben was frequently there and lived about two miles off.
On Cross Examination; I saw old Lloyd Ford every week. I was there the morning after his wife died. I don't believe that he knew anything about when she died. He told me to lay down that I would get sick. When she was put in her coffin the old man went to it and felt of it and then fell down on his face and I never heard a man take on so in my life. He rolled and hollowed and cried, I don't think that he had discovered before that moment that the old lady was dead. His wife died the year before he did. It was about a year or not so much before the old lady died that he asked who Ben was. His son lived about 2 miles of him. I can't tell when the meeting was at Millers School House, which is about 1 mile from where the old man resided. It was a week day, I can't say whether the old man was drinking or not and don't remember the time. I think it was in the Spring or Summer before the old man died. At times the old man talked sensibly enough, and at other times he didn't.
The old man was very much attached to his Black, I have heard him say he could trust John with anything and that he had earned him much money, I have heard him say that nothing pleased him except his Negroes. At the time he came to bleed my husband he said he was troubled about his Negroes. That he didn't intend them to serve anyone. Jason, our Blackman said, "Master Lloyd, you can free them if you will". He said, "No, I have done all I can to free them but the law will not allow them to be free."
My husband and old Lloyd Ford had been talking about death. My husband said that if he had fifty Negroes he wouldn't free one of them. Old Lloyd exclaimed,
Good Heavens John!, I wouldn't have my Negroes to rise in Judgment against me for the world, and if you don't free your Negroes, they will rise in Judgment against you.
He said little Eddy should go free at all events. I have heard the old man say many and many a time long before he came to bleed my husband that he had never put a mark on any of his Blacks and that no other man should do so after his death. He was generally drinking when he talked about them. I was not at the house when his wife died. The old man was in the yard when I go there. He said nothing to me.
Alcohol played a significant role in the daily lives of colonists; even children. They feared polluted water and believed in alcohol's nourishing and medicinal properties.
John Ford and others by their best friend, Phoebe Stuart vs.Grant Ford and other heirs of Lloyd Ford, deceased
Be it remembered that on the trial of this cause the plaintiffs introduced and examined as a witness, Robert Hale, who being duly sworn stated; That Lloyd Ford in his lifetime executed the paper shown to witness, to be his last will and testament. . .
. . .That he probably died in November 1843. I had written two wills for him previously to this, one I think dated in March 1835 and the other in April 1835. When I wrote the second will my father told Ford to burn the first but he took both away. Mr. Ford told me afterwards that the will and a purse of money had been stolen from him. He said he thought a black boy by the name of Will, a slave of Hall's, had stolen the money.
I drew the will at my own house. Ford lived 1 1/4 mile of me. I wrote the will as he directed, He was a little deaf and I read it close to his ear. He had dictated sentence by sentence as I wrote along. My wife Sarah cannot write. I wrote her name and she made her mark as a witness. My daughter Elizabeth Jane cannot write. I also wrote her name and I think she made her mark. I did not hold the pen for them when they made their mark.
I knew Ford every since I knew anyone. His mind was sound when he executed the Will. I thought him as smart as any man his age I ever saw. He was according to his calculation he was 90 or 91 years old when I drew the will.
In the first or second Will he freed one or two of his slaves. I think Martha, one of his Negro girls was freed in the first Will.
After the two wills of 1835, Ford told me that he had been informed, that in consequence of the insurrection of the Negroes, somewhere the law was so fixed that he could not free his Negroes and spoke of making a new Will.
Finally he said he had found out that he could free the Negroes by their staying on the place. In conversation he seem anxious to reject Jackson's heirs. This Will was drawn in conformity to his instructions and in accordance with his intentions often expressed to me.
Eddy is the mother of Ned and Lark, two of the defendants in this case.
Peggy was the mother of John, another plaintiff and died from four to seven years ago.
Ford's wife died about a year before him. He spoke of the Negroes as his family.
(The plaintiffs by their counsel here stated that they were informed on the ground of the defense in this case, was the alleged incapacity of the testator, and asked the witness if it was not the reputation of the County that the Negroes were the children of Ford, for the purpose of showing, as they alleged that the Negroes were proper subjects of his bounty, The defendant by their counsel, objected to the evidence, but the court over ruled the objection, to which the opinion of the court the defendants by their counsel expected)
The witness proceeded in substance as follows;
I have frequently heard it reported in the neighborhood for years before the will was drawn that some of the plaintiffs suing for their freedom by their next friend are children of Ford. John, Ned and Lark, the slaves here present are mulattos, John being the darker than either of the other.
Old Man Ford told me that he had two set of children, one black and the other white, that the black ones were the smartest and the cleverest and he never intended that the white ones should make a mark on them. He said if I could find a mark on one of his black children he would give them to me.
John, one of the plaintiffs, had been living from home generally about town for 10 to 15 years. The others, except Lark, lived on the place at home. Have heard Ford frequently say that John worked for money and brought it home to him. The Negroes, with the old mans consent owned stock, horses, cows, and hogs. And were well fixed in their houses. Ned, I think lived on the farm of one of the sons. Ned and lark are married men. John is not unless lately.
A year or two after the will was made the old man said to me; "Robert, what better can I do with my black people than to give them to my children ?", I said, "Mr. Ford have you forgotten that you made a Will ?" He said, "No, you have it, I suppose", I said "Yes" He replied, "Keep it, and I will be up in a few days to get it." I then discovered his mind had left him at times. About 12 months before he died, I was at his house. I saw Mulkey, who was the Ford's own preacher was there and dined. After dinner the old man asked who it was who eat dinner. I told him the preacher Mulkey. The old man was then, as I thought, entirely out of his mind.
During the Fall the old Man died, and early in the Fall, as well as I can remember, he came to my house and said he had come to get the deed. I told him I had no deed, He then said it was his will he wanted. I saw that he was in great distress of mind. He talked so he could be heard two hundred yards away. I told him to go get his son Lloyd or some neighbor to come with him and lift the Will.
He said his son Lloyd, had drove him there - that Lloyd ought to be in the penitentiary years ago, that Lloyd had drawn a club over him and had threatened to beat him-that Lloyd said he would beat him with the club if he did not come and get the Will. He made such a to do that I finally agreed to let him have the Will and told my wife to go and get it, She brought a paper which by the old man's directions was thrown into the fire. The old man then said, "Now, I reckon he'll let me alone." He seemed to be out of his head, seemed deranged or interrupted in mind, was in a state of great trepidation and alarm and said that Lloyd had threatened to kill him or beat him. The old man at length started off, after he got to the corner of the house he turned around and said he would be back in two or three days to get me to do some writing.
Lloyd Ford was born about 1783.
He married Mary Branstetter
Lloyd and Mary's children may have included:
James Ford (1809, married Elizabeth Cox),
Frederick Thomas Ford (1811),
Margaret Ford (1813),
Alexander Ford (1813, married Margaret Bowrey),
Martha Ford (1815, married William D. Hilton),
Rebecca Ford (1819),
Henry Ford (1821, married Selma Shipley),
David Peter Ford (1825, married Catherine Mary Smith daughter of Gasper Smith)
Daniel Peter Ford (1826, married Margaret Hartman. and Mahaley Smith Tate),
Lloyd Ford (1827),
Elizabeth Ford (1828),
Elbert Ford (1836)
At the time of the 1860 census, Lloyd was living with his son Daniel.
Lloyd died in 1863.
Washington County, Tennessee:
1784 - 100 acres on Sinking Creek
1790 - 178 acres on head of Sinking Creek
John wrote his will in Washington County, Tennessee on April 11, 1838.
his wife Susanna;
John Washington Ford;
Black Man Jason;
land brought of James F Shipley;
the McCracken Jackson tract & the Stuart tract he bought from David Kitzmiller & Wm. Proffitt- line to begin at Gammel's tract to Henry Hale's old tract;
my daughters now single,
grand daughter, Mary Elendor;
two married daughters,
Mary Ford (wife of ?) Benjamin Ford, and
Nancy Brit, wife of James Brit.
Ex; John Washington Ford,
Wit. David Kitzmiller, James Jackson.
Washington County Tennessee Marriages
Horatio Ford m Jane Careathers Oct 27, 1810; bond; Horatio Ford Jt. & Jno Mallone
Grant Ford Nacky Ford Feb. 28, 1811 bond Grant Ford & James Ford
Enoch Jobe Elizabeth Jackson Sept 10, 1814 bond Thomas Haile
Thomas Ford Isbel Carethers Feb 29, 1812 bond Micajah Ford
Micajah Ford Ann Bryant April 14, 1812 bond
Isaac Ford Cathy Mowl December 1817; bond Issac Ford & William Keloner Lisby Ford Sarah Jackson Nov 25, 1822 bond
William Ford Achsash Ford Dec 14, 1822 bond
Benjamim Ford Polly Ford Sept. 3, 1824 bond Ben Ford & John Ford
Mordecai Ford Nancy Hyte Sept. 27, 1824 bond Mordecai Ford & John Ford
Lloyd Ford Matilda Jackson Nov 17, 1825 bond Grant Ford & Jas. Ford
Thomas Ford Elizabeth Chandley Aug. 24, 1828 bond Ben Ford & Lloyd Ford John Jobe Sarah Elsey Nov 4, 1828 bond
Boyer Ford Sally Chapman May 15, 1831 bond
Washington County, Tennessee Roll Book 17, Page 322,
This indenture made and concluded upon this Sixteenth Day of April Eighteen Hundred and Twenty-two , between Mordecai Ford, son of Barney Ford, Senior, deceased, of the State of Tennessee, Washington County, of the one part and John Malanie, of the same county and State of the second part. Withnesseth that the said Mordecai Ford, Son of the said Barny Ford, senior, deceased, for and in consideration of the sum of Ten Dollars to the said Mordecai Ford in hand paid at and before the sealing and delivery of the presents have granted, bargained and sold and by these presents do grant , bargain and sell unto the said John Malanie , his heirs and assigns forever all the claims, rights, title, and interest which jointly or separately to one undivided tract of land, which I claim by dissent from said Barney Ford, Senior, deceased which said land may be known by the following statement tp wit. The same tract adjoins Charles Waddel of the county aforesaid congaing three acres and one third of an acre to be the same more or less to have and to hold the said land as delivered aforesaid unto himself, his heirs and assigns forever and the said Mordecai Ford, son of the said Barney Ford, deceased, for himself will warrant the aforesaid land and against his heirs, executors of administrators and any other persons in Fee Simple claiming under by right of the said Mordecai Ford unto the said Malanie, his heirs and assigns forever as witness whereof I have here unto sat my hand and seal and delivered in person..
Horatio Ford, Jr.
Washington County, Tennessee Role Book 24, Page 666-667
This Indenture made and entered in the Thirty-first Day of August, One Thousand Eight Hundred and Fourty Six between Grant Ford of the Couny of Washingtonn, State of Tennessee of the first part and Alexander Ford of the same County and State of the other part. Witnesseth that the sqaid Grant Forf for and in consideration of the sum of four hundred dollars to him paid , the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged, hath given, granted, bargained and sold unto him the said Alexander Ford, his heirs or assigness against him the said Grant Ford and his heirss alla that tract of land or parcel of land laying and being in the County of Washington and State. The afoaresaid in districts no 12 on the waters of Cedar Creek. Beginning at a a--- on James Hales line --- Adam shipley, ---- John Ellis ---
In the presents of
David B Proffitt
Washington County, Tennessee Role Book 76, Page 437
Know all men by their presents that Grant Ford of the County of Washington and State of Tennessee, have this day for the consideration of Five Hundred Dollars in hand paid the receipt whereof of is hereby acknowledged bargained sold and confirmed unto Lloyd Ford ny ..... and Negro man named Tar a slave for life to have and to hold the same Negro against him the said Grant Ford and his heirs and all other persons that might lay claim to said Negro & the said Grant Ford shall and will warrant and defend the title of said Negro i have sold to the said Lloyd Ford and his heirs or assignes. In witness whereof, I have hereunto sat my hand and seal this thirty first day of August, 1846.
Grant Ford, his seal
William B Proffitt
Daniel B Proffit.