logo

An American Family History

 

Carter Family

 
Smallpox is caused by of two viruses: Variola major and Variola minor. Symptoms include a rash and blisters. The mortality rate for V. major is 30–35% and for V. minor is about 1%. Long-term complications include scars, blindness, and limb deformities.

John Carter was born about 1728.

Landon Carter (1760),
John Carter (1762),
Emanuel Carter (1764),
Susan Carter (1765)

The Carter family moved from Virginia into the wilderness in the 1760's and John opened a trading post on the Holston River with William Parker.

By 1772 they moved into the Watauga River Valley where John built a mansion.

At the 1778 Washington County Court "the last will and testament of John Cox, decd., was duly proved by the oaths of Colonel Carter and Emanuel Carter, and the same to be recorded."

John died of smallpox in 1781.

Aug. 27, 1781. Landon Carter, Esq. to have leave of administration on the Estate of Col. John Carter, deceased, and for that purpose have entered Valentine Sevier, Thomas Houghton and Charles Robertson, Esq. his sureties in the sim of Five Hundred thousand Pounds for his faithful administration, etc.

Carter County, Tennessee was organized from Washington County on April 9, 1796. Elizabethton is the county seat.

     
 

John Carter was in the 1792 tax list of Washington County, Virginia.

In October, 1810 John Carter filed a bill of divorce against Catherine Blevins Carter. He said that "some time in the year 1792" he married Catherine and after about 10 years he began to suspect infidelity due to "the evil, loose, and idle practice of his said wife." He "sought and found her in the bed and apparently in the embraces of another man, and also at different times with different persons." He stated that he could "prove that she made her elopement with one Cullin Arp, to the the Moabbeal (Mobile) or Tombigbey (Tombigbee) settlement, sometime in the month of March last (1810), from which place she has never returned." The divorce was granted.

 
 
 
 

Landon Carter was born on Janary 29, 1760 in Virginia. Carter County, Tennessee was named for him and its county seat, Elizabethton, was named for his wife.

He married Elizabeth McLin on February 26, 1784. Elizabeth was born on July 9, 1765 in Virginia.

Alfred Moore Carter (1784),
John McLin Carter (1786),
Sarah Stuart Carter (1789),
William Blount Carter (1792),
George Washington Carter (1794),
Elizabeth Macklin Carter (1797) and 
Mary Polly Carter (1799).

Landon Carter was a captain in the American Revolution. He served under Colonel John Sevier and Colonel Arthur Campbell in 1780 and 1781. He was in the battle of Boyd's Creek and in an expedition against the Cherokee.

Landon was a strong supporter of the State of Franklin and was secretary of the first Franklin convention.

Landon Carter was on the 1792 and the 1794 Washington County, Virginia tax list in Captain Carriger's company.

On November 7, 1796, Isaac Lincoln bought 94 3/4 acres from Landon.

In 1800, Teter Nave bought 50 acres from Landon.

Landon died on June 5, 1800 at Carter County.

Elizabeth died in 1842 at Washington County, Tennessee.

Teter Nave

     
 

 

 
 

 

 
     
 

divider

 
 

 

 
 

from Kilgore, Jenny L., "The Carter Mansion Revisited." (2007). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. Paper 2149. http://dc.etsu.edu/etd/ 2149

As entry-taker, Carter was authorized to enter "lands which have accrued or shall accrue to the State by treaty or conquest," and he used this authority to ensure the settlers' patriotism. In 1780, Tory properties were declared "subject to interest" Carter and Sevier "entered a good deal of these lands" and the loyalists were prepared to take drastic action to keep their homes.

The loyalists planned to visit Carter's office and, if their properties had indeed been taken, the Tories planned to kill Carter and Sevier. The wife of one of the men, however, betrayed the plan to Sevier, who had "befriended her, and furnished her with the necessaries of life" while her husband was away.

Carter and Sevier decided that the best course of action would be to copy the record books, leaving the spaces beside the Tory properties blank, and hide the genuine records in the woods. The plan, however, hit an unexpected obstacle: Carter caught smallpox in late 1780 and died in early 1781. He was the only person who knew the location of the hidden books, and he took the secret to his grave.Carter's death was unexpected, but he had trained his son well. Landon would also become a leader in the new order which his father had established.