An American Family History

Hannah Ricketts Buchanan

Woodford County, Illinois was formed in 1841 from parts of Tazewell and McLean Counties. Metamora (Hanover before 1845) was the county seat from 1843-1894.

John Adams, Jr. (1735-1826) was the second President of the United States (1797–1801), the first Vice President (1789–1797).

Most Americans were farmers in the 18th and early 19th centuries.

Hannah Ricketts Buchanan was born about 1790 Huntingdon County (now Mifflin County), Pennsylvania. She was the daughter of Robert Ricketts and Susannah Wilson.

She was the second wife of Wilson Buchanan. Wilson was born about 1775 in York, Pennsylvania. He was the son of George Buchanan and Esther Campbell. On January 18, 1795, Wilson signed a marriage bond in Bourbon County, Kentucky with his first wife, Rebecca Lockridge.

Rebecca and Wilson's children included:

Mary (Polly) Buchanan Washer (1795, married Stephen Washer),
John Henry Buchanan (1796, married Octavia Shafer),
Sarah Buchanan Favors (1799),
William Buchanan (1801, married Edna Hankins),
and Patsy Buchanan Hankins (1805, married John Hankins)

Wilson appeared in the Woodford County, Kentucky tax list in 1797. In 1801 he was in Franklin County. They probably moved to Switzerland County, Indiana when Wilson's brother, John, purchased government land in 1804. Wilson was in the 1807 Dearborn County census which included Switzerland County at that time.

Rebecca died and Wilson married Hannah in 1809.

Hannah and Wilson's children included:
David Buchanan (1810, married Edith Ann Hankins),
Susannah Buchanan Risk (1811),
Dorcas Buchanan Risk (1813)
Robert Buchanan (1815),
Elizabeth Buchanan Vestal (1819),
Enoch Buchanan (1821),
Vienna Buchanan (1822),
Mahala Buchanan Hayes (1823),
Rebecca Buchanan (1826),
Emeline Buchanan Risk (1827),
George W. Buchanan (1828),
and Talitha Buchanan McCreary (1829, married Thomas McCreary).

They probably moved to Ripley County when Wilson's brother, John, purchased land in Brown Township on August 25, 1809. On May 15, 1812, Lieutenant Colonel David Hillis ordered a block house built on the north border of Jefferson County. This blockhouse was known as Buchanan's Station. In 1812, Wilson and brother William were fined for assaults that occurred in what was then Jefferson County.

Wilson purchased this land from John on February 27, 1819. Wilson purchased additional tracts from the government in both counties. In 1819, Wilson also served the first grand jury in Ripley County.

Wilson died on April 19 , 1851. Hannah died on February 13, 1853 They are buried together in the Buchanan family cemetery in Ripley County, Indiana.

Children of Robert Ricketts
and Susannah Wilson
  • John Ricketts
  • Phoebe Ricketts Sheridan
  • Hannah Ricketts Buchanan
  • William Ricketts
  • Susannah Ricketts Moulton
  • Robert Ricketts
  • Isaac Ricketts
  • Edward M. Ricketts
  • Elizabeth Ricketts Larew Blankenship
  • Rebecca Ricketts Winings
  • Margaret Ricketts Kelso
  • Sarah Ricketts Winings
  • Vienna Louise Ricketts Moulton
  • The entire valley of the Juniata was included in the county of Cumberland. From this county Bedford was formed in 1771. Huntingdon was formed from Bedford by an act of Assembly, passed on the 20th day of September, 1787. On February 26, 1846 a small corner was annexed to Mifflin County, Pennsylvania.

    Dearborn County, Indiana was first settled in the 1790's and officially organized in 1803. All or part of six other counties including Ohio and Switzerland were carved from the original Dearborn County.

    Enoch's Tombstone

    Hannah's tombstone

    Wilson's Tombstone



    A marriage bond was paid to the court by a groom prior to his marriage. If the marriage didn't take place, he would forfeit the bond. The bondsman, or surety, was usually a close relative.
    A blockhouse or garrison house is a small, isolated fort. The typical blockhouse was two stories with the second story overhanging the first. It had small openings to allow residents to shoot attackers without being exposed.

    Wilson Buchanan, 1774/75-19 April 1851 (age 76), was one of four pioneering brothers who came to the border area of Ripley Co. and Jefferson Co., Ind., in 1809, and who lent their family name to a fort built in Brown Township Ripley Co.

    Wilson was born in New York, according to the 1850 Brown Twp. Census. Otherwise, his earliest official record comes on 28 Jan. 1795 when he signed a marriage bond in Bourbon Co., Ky., for his marriage to Rebecca Lockridge (Lauherage on the bond.)

    Wilson next appears on 22 March 1797 in the Woodford Co., Ky., tax list and then 1801 in Franklin Co. Wilson and his three brothers vanish from Kentucky records in 1802. They probably moved to the area near modern Florence, Switzerland Co., where brother John purchased government land in 1804. Wilson is recorded in 1807 in the territorial census for Dearborn Co., which then included Switzerland Co.

    Wilson probably married Hannah Ricketts, 1790-13 Feb. 1853 in Dearborn Co., Ind., in 1809. However, Dearborn records were destroyed by fire in 1826. This marriage is proved by the probate the estate of Hannah's father, Robert Ricketts, in Ohio Co., Ind.

    The brothers probably moved to Ripley Co. when John Buchanan purchased land on Aug. 25, 1809. in the SE1/4 Section 34 Twp. 6N Range 11E. This land is in Brown Twp. and borders Shelby Twp., Jefferson Co. Wilson purchased this land from John on Feb. 27, 1819. Wilson purchased additional tracts from the government in both counties. In 1812, Wilson and brother William were fined for assaults tht occurred in what was then Jefferson Co. In 1819, Wilson also served the first grand jury in Ripley Co.

    Wilson's land became the site of a fort built in 1812 because of Indian troubles. Although modern accounts usually state the fort was built in May 1813, this appears to be in error. Perret Dufour, writing in the 1870s, reported that Lt. Col. David Hillis ordered Elisha Golay to build a block house on the north line of Jefferson Co. This order was given on May 15, 1812. Golay was ordered to proceed without delay, according to Dufour, who wrote that this blockhouse was known as Buchanan's Station.

    Although he did not leave a will, Wilson's children are documented. Three died young: Robert, Vienna and Rebecca. These were recorded in Jefferson Co. cemetery records by Mary Hill with the inscriptions showing all three as children of W&H Buchanan. An estate settlement in Ripley Co. (Complete Record G p. 435) on 28 Jan. 1854 lists 11 surviving heirs; and the surviving grandchildren of the three deceased children.

    While most of the surviving children are called heirs, not children, the equal division of the estate should be considered proof that they were children. The three deceased heirs, William Buchanan, Patsy Hankins, Sarah Favors, are specifically called children of Wilson Buchanan, the three deceased children are specifically cited as children of Wilson.

    The probate of Robert Ricketts' estate in Ohio Co., Ind., proves that nine of Wilson's 14 children who survived to adulthood were by Hannah. Eight are listed in the probate record, while on Feb. 24, 1855, the ninth, David Buchanan, sold a lot of Ricketts' land that had been set off in a lottery to the heirs.

    Children of Wilson Buchanan and Rebecca Lockridge
    1. John Henry Buchanan b. 1795/96 (aged 54 in 1850, twin?) He married 14 Sept. 1825 in Ripley Co., Octavia Tabitha Schaffer [Shafer]. They lived 1850 in Gallatin Co., Ky. John died by 1860 as Tabitha and her children had moved to Otter Creek Twp., Ripley Co.
    2. Mary (Polly) Buchanan b. 1795/96 (aged 54 in 1850, twin?) She m. 9 July 1818 in Jefferson Co., Stephen Washer. He is listed 1850 in a separate household in Milton Twp., while she is listed in the home of her son, Solomon Washer.
    3. Sarah Buchanan, probably born 1799/1800, died 1831-1839. She m. 30 Sept. 1819 in Jefferson Co., Thomas Favors. She is listed as a deceased daughter in Wilson's estate settlement.
    4. William Buchanan 1801-1833 Buried in the Buchanan cemetery. He married in 1824 in Jefferson Co., Edna Hankins, ca. 1800-1870/80. He is listed as Wilson's deceased son. Edna married 2nd 14 June 1851 in Jefferson Co., Isaac Conner.
    5. Patsy Buchanan, probably born around 1805, died 1831-1836. She m. 15 Jan 1824 in Jefferson Co., John Hankins (1802/03-20 Apr. 1881), died Shelby Twp. Patsy is called a deceased daughter.

    Wilson Buchanan (4) and Hannah Ricketts
    6. David Buchanan 3 Apr. 1810-3 Jan. 1875 He married Edith Hankins 25 Aug. 1814-20 Aug. 1891. Both are buried in the Milton Baptist Church Cem., Milton Twp. There is no record of their marriage, but it is proven by the settlement of Wilson's estate in probate court in Ripley Co. and through deeds settling Joseph Hankins' estate in Jefferson Co. in 1836 as well as by death records of some of their children.
    7. Susannah Buchanan 26 Nov. 1811-26 Nov. 1882. Born in Indiana, she died in Ripley Co. She married 1st 1831 in Ripley Co., Andrew G. Risk 22 Sept. 1810-2 Dec. 1842. Both are buried in a Risk family cemetery in Brown Twp., Ripley Co. She married 2nd 26 Dec. 1844 in Ripley Co., James N. Campbell 24 Dec. 1820-11 June 1879.
    8. Dorcas Buchanan 1813/14-1 Apr. 1891, born in Indiana died in Jefferson Co. She married 21 Feb. 1831 in Ripley Co., John I. Risk, brother of Andrew and James Risk. John died 15 July 1882. Both are buried in a Risk family cemetery on Hicks Ridge in Shelby Twp., Jefferson Co.
    9. Robert Buchanan 1815/16-1827, buried Buchanan Cem. (age 11 years)
    10. Elizabeth Buchanan 9 June 1819-21 Aug. 1906, buried West Fork Cem. She married John Vestal by 1840, but there is no marriage record in Jefferson or Ripley Co. He died by 1850 when she lived in Shelby Twp., Jefferson Co.
    11. Enoch Buchanan 21 Oct. 1821-19 Feb. 1883 He married 1st Nov. 1841 in Jefferson Co., Lucinda Conner 7 Mar. 1823-2 Sept. 1857. He married 2nd 15 Feb. 1869 in Jefferson Co., Rebecca Hillis 13 Apr. 1837-5 Apr. 1919, all three buried in the Buchanan Family Cemetery.
    12. Vienna Buchanan 1822-Sept. 1827, buried Buchanan Cem. (age 5 years)
    13. Mahala Buchanan 1823/24-after 1880 She married 1839 in Ripley Co., Greenbury Hayes, who died 1870/80.
    14. Rebecca Buchanan 1826-1827, buried Buchanan Cem. (age 13 months.)
    15. Emeline Buchanan 1826/27-after 1880. She married 14 June 1844 in Ripley Co., James Risk. He died in Ripley Co. by 30 June 1869 when she was appointed guardian of the youngest six children.
    16. George W. Buchanan 26 Nov. 1828-11 Feb. 1911 He married 25 Feb. 1849 in Jefferson Co., Harriet Thornton 14 Apr. 1828-22 Nov. 1908, both buried Salem Cem., Ripley Co.
    17. Tolitha Buchanan 21 May 1829-17 Sept. 1913 She married 6 May 1847 in Ripley Co., Thomas McCreary 12 July 1825-4 July 1908, both buried Salem Cem.

    Copyright: Robert W. Scott, 1999

    The Public Land Survey System is used to survey and spatially identify land parcels in the United States.
  • Range is the distance east or west from a referenced principal meridian in units of six miles.
  • A Section is approximately a one-square-mile block of land. There are 36 sections in a township.
  • A Township is a parcel of land of 36 square miles or a measure of the distance north or south from a referenced baseline in units of six miles.
  • American pioneers migrated west to settle areas not previously inhabited by European Americans.

    Kentucky was originally a county in Virginia and included the lands west of the Appalachians. In 1780, it was divided into Fayette, Jefferson, and Lincoln counties. Kentucky officially became a state on June 1, 1792.


    Biographical and Historical Souvenir for the Counties of Clark, Crawford ...by John M. Gresham Company

    E[noch] Buchanan (deceased), formerly of Shelby township, Jefferson county, Ind., was born October 21, 1821, in Ripley county, and was the son of, Wilson Buchanan, a native of Pennsylvania. Wilson and his three brothers came to Indiana at an early day, and made the first settlement in this neighborhood, and helped to build the first fort or blockhouse here, as a place of refuge for the settlers and of defence against the Indians. The fort was called Buchanan's Station. They raised families under the difficulties attending pioneer settlement.

    The subject of this sketch was one of the children, and was raised a pioneer, getting an education of the best afforded at that time, which was of the simplest, and of what could in these days of advanced schools be considered the poorest, kind. At the age of 19, in 1841, he married Miss Lucinda Connor, daughter of Mr. Louis Connor, who was also an early settler. The result of this union was six children: Wm. H. H., who enlisted in the Twenty-second Indiana Volunteers, and returned home in six months and died the same year from illness contracted in the service; Minerva J., Lavina H., Eliza E., John W. and Edith E. His wife died September 2, 1857, and he re-married Feb. 14, 1859. This time he married Miss Rebecca Hillis, daughter of Hiram Hillis, a native of Indiana. Her mother was Louisa Atherton, daughter of Joseph Atherton, a native of Virginia. The result of this marriage was seven children: Mary E., Hannah, Victoria, Hattie L., Effie M., George T. and Nellie 8. The subject of this sketch died February 19, 1883. He had been successful in life, educated his children well, and at the same time, by careful management and patient industry, had accumulated quite an amount of valuable property. At the time of his death he owned some 900 acres of well improved land in Ripley and Jefferson counties, which is still owned by the heirs. All of his property was obtained by his own efforts, nothing having been given to him by his father. At the marriage of this first set of children he presented each of them with $1,500. His sale bill amounted to $3,000. Mrs. Buchanan still lives on the homestead, which belongs to her and her daughters and son, who is now 14 years of age and who is walking in the footsteps of his father and alive to all home interests, and loves his books and will make his mark in the world. Mary E. and Hannah have married; the other five are at home with their mother. Mr. Buchanan was a good citizen and a choice man.

    The Homestead Act was signed into law by President Abraham Lincoln on May 20, 1862. It gave an applicant 160 acres of undeveloped land outside of the original colonies. Anyone who had never taken up arms against the United States could file an application. They had to live on the land and make improvements to receive title.