An American Family History

Savary Family

  Savary, Savery, Savory  
The first European settlements in Maryland were made in 1634 when English settlers created a permanent colony.

Lush forests in Colonial America allowed settlers to build wooden homes.

William Savary took possesion of part of Cabin Neck on April 8, 1688.

William Savary married Penelope Saller. She had been married before to John Ricketts (1658-1698).

William and Penelope's children included:

Penelope Savery (1700)
William Savery, Jr. (1702)
Elizabeth Savery (1706)

William Savary married Anne Groome Richardson Maxwell, the widow of James Maxwell, after 1728.

William Savory, Sr., was listed in the Debt Books of Kent County as owning several tracts of land between 1733 and 1752: Probus, Galloway's Chance, Pope's Forest, Cornwallis Choice, Carola, and Locust Point.

William Savary died in 1739 in Kent County, Maryland. He died intestate, but left an inventory appraised on 22 June 1739 at £301.14.1 by Samuel Groome and William Graves. Thomas Williams, Jr., signed as creditor, and Nathaniel Ricketts (his step-son, the son of Penelope Saller and John Ricketts) (maybe his sister-in-law) and Esther Saller signed as next of kin. William Savory, admin., filed the inventory on 23 June 1739. An additional inventory worth £39.19.8 was filed by the administrator on 5 May 1741

On September 3, 1740 William Savory, Jr. patented Savorys Priviledge which was 49 acres in Baltimore County, Maryland

In August, 1747 William Savory patented Gist's Addition which was on the northwest side of the northwest branch of the Patapsco River. The Patapsco is in central Maryland which flows for 39 miles into the Chesapeake Bay. The river's tidal portion forms the harbor for the city of Baltimore.

On August 29, 1748 William Savory patented Savorys Farm which was 290 acres.

August 29, 1752 the court confirmed William Savory's claim to Cabin Neck Enlarged, in Baltimore County, in Gunpowder Neck containing 124 acres. William patented 124 acres of Cabin Neck Enlarged on March 16, 1754.

Baltimore County, Maryland was founded in 1659 and included most of northeastern Maryland. The original county included parts of Cecil, Frederick, Harford, Carroll, and Baltimore Counties.





The Huguenots were 16th and 17th century French protestants. About 500,000 Huguenots fled France because of religious persecution. They relocated to Protestant nations.

from "The French in Maryland," A Talk given to the Baltimore County Genealogical Society February 1996 by Robert Barnes

Joseph Savory was born in 1646 in Montpelier, franee. In 1685 he left for England with his sons, including a William and a Moses, and settled at Wandsworth, Surrey.

His son William married at Wandsworth, on 2 April 1706, Dorothy Sessions, and settled in Kent County, where he is said to have died in 1739. He died intestate but left an inventory appraised on 22 June 1739 at £301.14.1 by Samuel Groome and William Graves. Thomas Williams, Jr., signed as creditor, and Nathaniel Ricketts and Esther Saller signed as next of kin. William Savory, admin., filed the inventory on 23 June 1739. An additional inventory worth £39.19.8 was filed by the administrator on 5 May 1741 (MINV 24:277, 25:431).

Peden's Inhabitants of Kent County, show a William Savory, Sr., who was listed in the Debt Books as owning several tracts of land between 1733 and 1752: Probus, Galloway's Chance, Pope's Forest, Cornwallis Choice, Carola, and Locust Point Peden, p. 32) William had at least one son:

. .William. William was a cabinet maker who settled in Philadelphia, where he died in 1787. He may be the William Savory who patented 210 a. known as Savory's Farm, in 1743 (Peden, p. 66). He m. on 19 April 1746, Mary, dau. of Rees Peters, and had children.

Earlier research had turned up two John Savorys, father and son, and a William Savory in Baltimore County. So far I have not been able to make a connection. (Sources; "William Savory: William Savory's Visits to Ireland," Huguenot Society Proceedings, 17:380-387; see also a related article in the Proceedings, 18:33-48).

Maryland was established with religious freedom for Catholics. The colonial economy was based on tobacco cultivated by Africans who had been enslaved.
American colonists continued to use British monetary units, namely the pound, shilling and pence for which £1 (or li) equalled 20s and 1s equalled 12d. In 1792 the dollar was established as the basic unit of currency.

May Term, 1755. Lib. G. S. No. 1, fol. 171 .206
William Savory's Lessee vs. Tienry Whayland, Guardian of Elizabeth and Ann Mead.

. . .Ejectment for a tract of land called Cabin Neck Enlarged, lying in Baltimore County, containing 124 acres. . .

The plaintiff, by his counsel, in order to prove his title, produced and offered in evidence only a grant under the great seal to William Savory for Cabin Neck Enlarged, bearing date the 16th of March, 1754, reciting,

that whereas William Savory, of Baltimore County, by his humble petition to our agent for management of land affairs within this Province, did set forth, that he was possessed of a certain tract of land called Cabin Neck, lying and being in the county aforesaid, on the 8th of April, 1688, surveyed and laid out for a certain Samuel Collett, for 100 acres under old rent, which said tract, by sundry conveyances and mutations of possession became the right of the petitioner,

who had lately discovered some vacant land contiguous thereto, and being desirous to add the same, humbly prayed a special warrant to resurvey the aforesaid tract for that intent and purpose, and that, on return of a certificate of such resurvey, he making good rights to the vacancy added, and complying with all other requisites usual in such cases, might have our grant of confirmation issue unto him thereon, which was granted him,

and accordingly a warrant, on the 26th of June, 1752, unto him for that purpose did issue. In pursuance whereof it is certified into our land office, that the aforesaid tract or parcel of land is resurveyed, by * which it appears the same now contains only the quantity of 70 1/4 acres, So that there appears to be a deficiency of 29 3/4 acres, and that there is the quantity of 53 3/4 acres of vacant land added, 29 3/4 whereof is applied to make good the deficiency aforesaid:

and forasmuch as it did not appear that the caution money was ever paid for the original 100 acres, the said William Savory hath paid and satisfied unto our agent and receiver-general, for our use, as well the sum of 12£ 6s sterling, the caution money for the same, and interest thereon, from the time of the original survey, as the sum of 1£ 4s sterling, caution for the remaining 24 acres of vacant land added, and 1s sterling for some improvements mentioned to be made thereon, according to Charles, Lord Baron of Baltimore, our great grandfather of noble memory, his instructions to Charles Carroll, Esquire, his then agent, bearing date at London the 12th September, 1712, and registered in our secretary's office of our said Province, together with a paragraph of our instructions, bearing date at London the 15th of December, 1738, and registered in our land office.

We do therefore hereby grant and confirm unto the said William Savory all the aforesaid tract or parcel of land now resurveyed, with the vacancy added reduced into one entire tract, and called Cabin Neck Enlarged, lying in Baltimore County, in Gunpowder Neck, beginning, &c. containing 124 acres more or less, according to the certificate of resurvey thereof, taken and returned into the landoffice, bearing date the 29th of August, 1752.

Patent dated 16th March, 1754.

To which evidence, as being insufficient in law to support the plaintiff's title, the defendants do demur, and submit the same to the judgment of the Court.
Stephen Bordley, Defendant's Attorney.

And the plaintiff, by his counsel, in this cause saith, the evidence aforesaid is sufficient in law to support the plaintiff's title in this cause &c.
Edward Dorsey, Plaintiff's Attorney.

The Provincial Court gave judgment for the plaintiff.

Lord Baltimore, Cecil Calvert (1605 -1675), 2nd Baron Baltimore was the first governor of Maryland.
Phillip Calvert (1626–1682), was the 5th governor from 1660 to1665.
Charles Calvert (1637 – 1715), 3rd Baron Baltimore inherited the colony in 1675.

A plaintiff (plt, plte, plt is a person who brings a case against another.
A defendant (def tf) is a person accused of a crime or someone challenged in a civil case.

In 1688, during the Glorious Revolution, the Protestant king and queen,William and Mary, took the English throne from Catholic King James II. The bloodless revolution profoundly impacted the American colonies.


from Savery and Severy Genealogy (Savory and Savary) by Alfred William Savary

"Penelope Savery, the daughter of William and Penelope Savory, was born the 28th day of the 3d month in ye year 1700.
"William Savery, the son of William and Penelope Savory, was borne ye 10th day of the 5th month Ano. 1702.
"Elizabeth Savery, the daughter of William and Penelope Savory, was borne the 2d day of the second month Ann. Dom. 1706." (This is from the records of Cecil Monthly Meeting, Maryland.)
Now the William Savery whose birth is thus recorded could scarcely have been the father of William, Sen., of Philadelphia, for he would be only about 20 years old when the latter was born.



This Indenture made the twenty first day of November in the year of our Lord Seventeen hundred and fifty Nine [1759] Between Samuel Budd of Kent County in the Province of Maryland Gentleman of the One part and John Mercer Junior of Cecil County in the Province aforesaid Gentleman and Nephew and Heir at Law of William Savory late of Baltimore County Deceased of the other part

Witnesseth that the said Samuel Budd for and in consideration of the sum of five shillings Current Money of Maryland to him in hand paid the Receipt whereof he doth hereby acknowledge and for divers other good causes and considerations him the same Samuel thereunto moving hath Granted Bargained and Sold Aliened released quiet Claimed and Confirmed and by these presents doth Grant Bargain and Sell Alien release quit Claim and Confirm unto the said John Mercer Junior and to his heirs and assigns forever All that Tract or parcel of Land called Whiske Alias Danbey or Danbigh

lying and being in Baltimore County aforesaid containing seven hundred acres formerly in the Possession of the aforesaid Samuel Budd but lately in the Possession of the aforesaid William Savory.

Planter is an archaic term for a settler. Plantation was a method of colonization where settlers were "planted" abroad. A plantation is also the kind of large farm that was the economical basis of many American Colonies and owners of these farms were also called planters.


As for back as February 1695, liquor-selling was before the Baltimore County Circuit Court, in the case of Moses Groome of Gunpowder. The charge was "vending and selling liquors by retail to his Majesty's Justices of this said County Court," which sat nearby; the defendant, who lacked the papers required for tavern-keeping, petitioned to be "saved harmless." Groome's judicial patrons resolved the matter by bestowing on him "a license to keep an ordinary.


1 Oct 1687 "Groome's Chance" 22:299 28 Apr 1687 Moses Groome 300a


Rent rolls were lists of landowners showing whether they had paid their annual quit-rents to the Crown. A quick-rent was a feudal remnant and was paid by a freeholder in lieu of services that might otherwise have been required.

from Abstracts of Inventories of the Prerogative Court of Maryland
Moses Groome, 20.28, BA, 27 Je. 1700. Admx. Dorothy Cullins.

from Abstracts of Land Records of Anne Arundel County., Maryland
Moses Groome, Anne Arundel, with dower released by Ann e[Albertus] Groome, for seventy pounds and other considerations, deeded to Lewis Evans, Anne Arundel,, 9 F 1684, recorded 16 Jan. 1684 [B:33], a parcel in the woods bet. branches of Lyons Ck. & Herrin(g) Ck., half of Jerrico, purch. by Moses Groome from Nathan Smith, rerecorded at request of Christopher Vernon on behalf of orphans of Lewis Evans.

Maryland Rent Rolls (ca. 1700):
Taylors Choice 300 acres surveyed 28 July 1667 for John Taylor on n. side of e. branch of Gunpowder River,
possessed by Stephen Johnston.
Posst. by Ann Phelks [Felkes]. C:
possessed by Moses Groom & Col. Maxwell.

Grooms Chance, 200 acres sur. 28 Apr. 1687 for Moses Groom on the northeast side of the falls of Gunpowder River.

Anne Arundel Co., Maryland, Church Records, All Hallows Parish:
[marriage] Robert Sanders, s/o Jas., & Rebeckath Groome, of Moseis & Amy, m. 31 Aug. 1698.

A Dower is a provision for a wife's support should her husband die before her. Her dower right was the use of ⅓ of her husband's estate. The dower was settled on the bride at the time of the wedding.