Bedford County, Pennsylvania was created on March 9, 1771 from part of Cumberland County.
Esther Long Miller was born about 1790 in Barree Township, Huntington County, Pennsylvania. At that time it was in Bedford County. Her father was probably William Long.
The Long family moved on to Amanda Township, Fairfield County, Ohio in 1806.
She married Abraham Miller on June 14, 1807 in Amanda Township, Fairfield County, Ohio.
Abraham Miller appeared on the tax list of Pleasant Township in 1806 and 1808 along with John, Christian, and Jacob Miller.
At the March term of 1807 in Fairfield County, Abraham Miller was a grand juror.
On March 20, 1809 Henry Culp and Abraham Miller were executors of the estate of Christian Miller from Pleasant Township, Fairfield County. His wife was Elizabeth and children were John, Abraham, Christian, and Elizabeth as well as Samuel and Jacob who were under 18.
In 1820 Abraham Miller was in Pleasant Township, Fairfield County.
The household consisted of:
a man between 26 and 44,
a woman between 16 and 25
and two girls and a boy under 10.
The next households were John and Christian.
case 309, June 1821, Joseph Good was a witness to estate of Abraham Miller
Fairfield County, Ohio originally encompassed all or parts of present day Knox, Hocking, Licking, Perry, and Pickaway counties.
Most Americans were farmers in the 18th and early 19th centuries.
from History of Fairfield County, Ohio
Abraham Miller, born in Pennsylvania, removed to Virginia, where he was married and came with his wife and five children to Ohio in the spring of 1805, settling in this township, on the place owned by David Miller, which is still owned by his heirs. Abraham entered a one-half section of land and improved it.
He raised a family of nine children, two now living: Barbara, widow of Joseph Berry, a resident of Iowa, and Henry Miller. Abraham Miller was Justice of the Peace for a number of years. He was a member of Menonite Church. He died September 3, 1831; his widow, March 6, 1862, in her ninety-first year.
Mennonites are Christians who reject infant Baptism. In the early 18th century about 2,500 Mennonites fled to Pennsylvania from persecution in the Palatinate. They opposed the Revolution, resisted public education, and did not approve of religious revivalism. They supported separation of church and state, and opposed slavery.
In the 1830s settlers began arriving in Iowa from Ohio, Pennsylvania, New York, Indiana, Kentucky, and Virginia. Iowa became a state in 1846.