Wenham, Essex County, Massachusetts was settled in 1636. The first settlers called it Enon or Salem Village. It was officially set off from the Town of Salem on May 10, 1643.
A Dower is a provision for a wife's support should her husband die before her. Her dower right was the use of ⅓ of her husband's estate. The dower was settled on the bride at the time of the wedding.
The town of Ipswich was established on August 5, 1634, from common land called Agawam. On October 18, 1648, that portion called the "Village" at the New Meadows was set off as Topsfield. The boundary line between Ipswich and Topsfield was established, February 28, 1694.
She married Richard Hutton before 1644. Richard Hutton was born about 1621.
Elizabeth and Richard's children included:
Elizabeth Hutton Fowler (abt 1650 - 22 May 1734, married Joseph Fowler),
John Hutton (March 26, 1655),
Richard Hutton,Tho Jr. ( December 25, 1658-April 11, 1714),
Martha Hutton Goldsmith (March 30, 1662, married Zaccheus Goldsmith),
Margaret Hutton (died 21 November 1668), and
Samuel Hutton (January, 26 1668/69).
They arrived in Wenham about 1649. Richard became a freeman and constable in 1653. Richard was a frequent member of the jury. In 1654 he failed to appear for jury duty because of the difficulty of coming over the ferry.
He had a few problems. In 1658 he was fined for having drunk too much liquor and was sued for non-payment of a debt to Humphrey Griffen. In 1661 he was fined for smoking in the street on the Sabbath and was involved in a property dispute with Walter Fairfield. In 1668, Richard Hutton and Daniel Kilham were accused of speaking out of turn at a church meeting after the service.
In 1674 Richard, Elizabeth and their daughter Elizabeth were listed as members of the church. Richard testified for Daniel Kilham in a trespassing case.
In 1675 Richard was a soldier in King Philip's War.
In 1676 Richard sold Richard Kimball 35 acres and Elizabeth gave up her dower rights to the property.
Elizabeth died between 1676 and 1696 when Richard married Susanna Moore Dutch who was the daughter of Richard Moore and Christian Hunter. She was the widow of Captain Samuel Dutch of Salem. Richard was appointed the guardian of Susannah Dutch who was about 12 years old on February 3,
On December 28 1681, William Knowlton conveyed land to Richard Hutton of Wenham.
Starting about 1695 Richard and Susannah began divesting themselves of their land.
On March 25, 1695, they conveyed land to John
On May 3, 1698, they sold John Brown some land near their house for 4£.
On March 29 1704, William and Lydia Knowlton and Richard Hutton conveyed land to Rice
On April 5, 1706 he gave land to two grandsons Richard Fowler and Hutton Goldsmith.
for the love and affection he hath to his two Grandsons Richard Ffowler and Hutten Goldsmith both of said Wenham, hath given, granted ... all that my forty acres of land in said Wenham, be it more or less as hereafter butted and bounded, with all the building thereon, as also my commonage and common Right in Wenham.
At the same time, he provided for his wife,
. . .Susannah, the now wife of said Hutton, if she shall survive her husband, so long as she shall remaine his widdow.
On May 14, 1707 they sold more of their land land to William Rogers.
In 1707 Richard was blind.
Richard died in Wenham on June 21, 1713 when he was 96 years old.
Any man entering a colony or becoming a a member the church, was not free. He was not forced to work, but his movements were carefully observed to see if they followed the Puritanical ideal. After this probationary period, he became a "freeman." Men then took the Oath of a Freeman where they vowed to defend the Commonwealth and not to overthrow the government.
Old Style Calendar
Before 1752 the year began on Lady Day, March 25th,. Dates between January 1st and March 24th were at the end of the year. Old Style (O.S.) and New Style (N.S.) are used to indicate whether the year has been adjusted. Often both dates are used.
A constable was an elected official who was responsible for keeping the peace. His duties were more limited than the sheriff's. He apprehended and punished offenders, helped settle estates, and collected taxes.
King Philip’s War was a bloody and costly series of raids and skirmishes in 1675 and 1676 between the Native American people and the colonials. King Philip was the Native American leader Metacom.
Guardianship is when a court gives an adult custody of a child and/or the responsibility of managing the child's property. Before women could own property, guardians were appointed for their minor children if their husband died.
The Essex Antiquarian, Volume 13
edited by Sidney Perle
Writ: Humphrey Griffin v. Richard Hutton; for debt; dated 24 : 9: 1658; served by Edward Browne, marshall.
Writ: William Browne v. Austin Killum, Richard Hutton and Daniell Killum; for withholding £33 due for three years rent for a farm in Wenham hired of Mr. William Browne;
dated 22: 9: 1658;
served by Samuell Archard, jr., marshall's deputy.
Writ: Richard Hutton v. John Andrews; for debt; dated 24: 9: 1658; served Edward Browne, marshall.
The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, Volume 36 by New York Genealogical and Biographical Society
Susanna More, dau. of Richard, m. Capt. Samuel Dutch, of Salem, Mass., who d. before 19-29 March, 1693-4, when the widow Susanna was administratrix on his estate. She then m., before 313 Dec., 1694, Richard Hutton, of Wenham, who was at that time appointed guardian to his wife's dau. Susanna Dutch, then aged about 12 years. They were still living at Wenham as late as 20-30 May, 1707. Issue so far as known:
74 Barbarah, b. about Sept., 1677; d. April 10, 1678; ae. 8 months
75 Susanna, b. about 1682.
Also in 1668, Richard Hutton and Daniel Killom (the fathers of militiamen, Richard Jr. and Thomas) were accused of disturbing the assembly during the Lord's Day. Hutton and Killom spoke out of turn at a church meeting after service and would not be quiet, eventually threatening the constable. One of the main witnesses against them was Thomas Fiske. It is possible that Fiske impressed the sons of these men in order to take long-delayed revenge for personal wrongdoing against him or disturbances in his town. The possibility, while not known for certain, is chilling. In small isolated Wenham, being the sons of men whom Fiske or the committee perceived as troublemakers might just have been enough to be sent off to war. from A Rabble in Arms by Kyle F. Zelner
1677 Map of New England
click to enlarge
A militia is a military unit composed of citizens who are called up in time of need.