The first Europeans settled in the Northwest Territory in 1788. The Miami Company managed settlement in the southwest and the Connecticut Land Company managed settlement in the northeast. Migrants came from New York and New England. Ohio was admitted to the Union as the 17th state on March 1, 1803.
He moved with his family to Ohio before the 1820 census. In 1820 John Kesler was in Green Township, Clark County, Ohio. The household consisted of a man between 26 and 44, a woman between 16 and 25, and two girls and 3 boys under 10.
In 1830 John Kesler lived in German Township. The household included a man between 40 and 50, a woman between 30 and 39, a boy between 15 and 19, a boy between 10 and 14, 3 girls between 5 and 9, and a boy under 5.
In 1840 he was still in German Township. The household included a man and a woman between 50 and 59, a man between 20 and 29, a boy between 15 and 19, and a girl between 10 and 14.
Clark County, Ohio was formed March 1, 1817, from Champaign, Madison and Greene Counties. The first settlement was in 1796. The inhabitants of German Township were German Lutherans who came from Virginia.
York County is in south central Pennsylvania and was created on August 19, 1749 from part of Lancaster County.
Pennsylvania is one of the 13 original states and was originally founded in 1681 as a result of a royal land grant to William Penn, the son of the state's namesake.
Rockingham County, Virginia was established in 1778 from Augusta County. European settlement began in the 1740s.
Testis (Test) is latin for witness. Testes is the plural.
Buildings in Clark County, Ohio ranged from simple log cabins to sophisticated Italianate and Gothic Revival structures.
Kessler to Faddick Deed
Rockingham County, Virginia
This Indenture, made the 18th day of May in the Year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and 13
Between John Kessler and Betsy his wife of the county of Rockingham of the on Part, and Jacob Faddick of the County of ?
of the other Part,
Witnesseth, That the said John Kesler and Betsy for and in consideration of the sum of One hundred and ten pounds lawful money of Virginia,. . .sold, . . .unto the said Jacob Faddick his Heirs and Assigns, a certain Tract or parcel of land lying and being in the County of Rockingham
and was Granted unto the said John Kessler by pattent (sic) bearing date the 1st day of March 1810 and Bounded as follows to wit
Beginning at two hickories & a white oak saplings on the line between Shenandoah & Rockingham Counties and
thence S 52 W 12 poles to a hickory & Spanish (?) oak his own and Bowman's corner and with his own line N 51½ W 216 poles
to a hickory and two red oaks grubs where his corner stood (?) N 39 E 20 poles
to two ? on the county line and
thence with the ?S 47 E 220 poles to the Beginning.
Together with all and singular the appurtenances thereunto belonging, or in any wise appertaining,
To have and to hold, the said Tract of land with it appurtenances unto the said Jacob Faddick Heirs and Assigns forever. To the only proper use and behoof of him the said Jacob Faddick his Heirs and Assigns forever. And the said John Kessler and Betsy his wife for their Heirs, Executors and Administrators, doth covenant with the said Jacob Maddick (sic) his Heirs and Assigns, that they the said John Kessler & Betsy his wife Heirs, Executors and Administrators, the said Land with its appurtenances unto the said Jacob Faddick heirs and assignes, against the claim or claims of them the said John Kessler & Betsy his wife heirs, and of all and every person or persons whatsoever, shall and will warrant and forever defend by these Presents.
In Witness whereof the said John Kessler & Betsy his hath hereunto set their hands and seals on the day and year first above written.
Signed, Sealed, and Delivered, (unreadable signature) in the Presence of
her Betsy X Kessler mark
Rockingham County May Court
This Deed from John Kessler & Betsy his wife to Jacob Faddick was presented in Court and acknowledged by the said John & Betsy (she being first privily examined as the law directs) and ordered to be recorded
Teste L M Williams C.R.C.
An indenture is a legal contract for labor or land. Two copies on the same sheet were separated with a jagged edge so that the two parts could be refitted to confirm authenticity. An indentured servant worked without wages for a specified time to pay a debt and was bound to the employer. In the 17th century, nearly two-thirds of settlers came as indentured servants to pay for their passage.
The rod or perch or pole is a surveyor's tool equal to 5 ½ yards.
Many settlers in the Shenandoah Valley were Germans from Pennsylvania called the "Shenandoah Deitsch."
American colonists continued to use British monetary units, namely the pound, shilling and pence for which £1 (orli) equalled 20s and 1s equalled 12d. In 1792 the dollar was established as the basic unit of currency.