“Remember, remember always, that all of us, and you and I especially, are descended from immigrants and revolutionists."
― Franklin D. Roosevelt
Women played an essential role in American society as mothers and homemakers.
Anna Catherine Gramm Baker was the daughter of Johannes and Anna Elizabeth Gramm. She was born October 29, 1732 in Rheindürkheim, Worms, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany. Her sister, Veronica Gramm Küblinger (Kiblinger), also came to America.
She married Philip Baker when she was 20 years old on May 22, 1752 in Rheindürkheim, Germany. Their children and life together are described in detail in the section on Philip and Catherine Baker.
She became a widow when Philip died on March 29, 1781, but followed him shortly after when she died at the age of 49 on October 27, 1782. They died in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia.
Rheindürkheim is a borough of Worms. Worms is a city in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, on the Rhine River.
17th and 18th century Germans often gave children two names at baptism. The first was a saint's name. The second a secular name which is what the child was called. The saint's name was usually given to all the children of that family of the same gender. Johannes was rarely a saint's name, but Johann was.
Many settlers in the Shenandoah Valley were Germans from Pennsylvania called the "Shenandoah Deitsch."