Bound children were indentured servants whose master provided training in a craft, board, lodging, and clothes for seven years or until the child came of age.
American colonists continued to use British monetary units, namely the pound, shilling and pence for which £1 (orli) equalled 20s and 1s equalled 12d. In 1792 the dollar was established as the basic unit of currency.
Gabriel and Anne's children were:
Ivea Fox Allen (1758, married David Allen) and William Fox (June 8, 1759, married Sarah Hutton and Jemima Vause).
Ann died in 1762.
He was granted 48 acres in Loudoun County in 1769, Virginia on the drains of Broad Run. He was to pay an annual rent of one shilling on the feast day of St. Michaels. He appeared in the census lists of Loudoun County for 1769, 1771, and 1772.
In 1778 he and his son, William, witnessed an indenture between the Foxes and Jonas Clapman. Jonas paid them 800£ for 500 acres in Loudoun County.
The family later moved to Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia (now West Virginia). Gabriel appeared in the census lists of Hampshire County in 1782.
His will was dated February 26, 1798 and proved in 1798. The will mentioned, but does not name his wife. It also mentioned carpenter tools, his grandsons William and John Allen, and granddaughters, Margaret Allen and Ivea Fox. His wife is instructed to care for and educate bound boy, Malen Lewis.
He died in 1799 in Hampshire County, Virginia/West Virginia when he was 63. He wrote his will on February 26, 1798 and it was proved on December 15, 1799. It mentioned, but did not name his wife. His son William received his carpenter tools. It named his grandsons William and John Allen and granddaughters Margaret Allen and Ivea Fox. The will prvoided that his wife care for and educate Malen Lewis who was probably an apprentice or indentured servant. The witnesses were Edward Ryan, James Clark, Richard Jenking and David Allen. The securities were Andrew Wodrow and Samuel Parsons. From Hampshire County, Virginia: Synopsis of Wills.
A tanner treats animal skins to produce leather. After the tanning process, the currier dresses, finishes and colors the tanned hide.
Hunterdon County was originally part of Burlington County, West Jersey. It was set off from Burlington County on March 11, 1714. It included Amwell, Hopewell, and Maidenhead Townships.
Kingwood Township is on the western border of Hunterdon County, New Jersey. It was founded in 1798.
Loudoun County is part of Northern Neck of Virginia.
Settling of the Loudoun area began between 1725 and 1730 while it was owned by
Lord Fairfax. Settlers came from Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Maryland.
For more than two centuries, agriculture, especially growing tobacco, was the dominant way of life in Loudoun County.
The Dutch were the first Europeans claim land in New Jersey. The region became a territory of England in 1664 when an English fleet sailed into New York Harbor and took control of Fort Amsterdam.
Seals were used to authenticate documents and men were expected to have a personal die. Records in deed books are copies and signatures are usually in the clerk’s handwriting. The clerk drew a circle around the word “seal” to indicate that the original document was sealed.
Virginia Northern Neck Grants I, p. 167
Library of Virginia Digital Collection: Land Office Grants, Northern Neck Series
The Right Honourable Thomas Lord Fairfax Baron of Cameron in that Part of Great Britain called Scotland Proprietor of The Northern Neck of Virginia
To all to whom this present Writing shall come sends Greeting ~
Know ye That for good Causes for an in Consideration of the Composition to me paid and for the annual Rent hereinafter reserved I have given granted and confirmed and by these Presents for me my Heirs and Assigns do give grant and confirm unto Gabriel Fox of Loudoun County A Certain Tract of Waste and ungranted Land on the Drains of Broad Run in the said County bounded as by a Survey thereof made by John Hough
Beginning At a Hiccory and a Red Oak Saplings Corner to William Boyle and Thomas Stone in a Line of Samson Turley and extending with Turley's Line So.20°Et. Ninety five Poles to two Red Oak Saplings in a Line of Catesby Cocke,
Then with the said Line No.72°Et. One hundred and eighteen Poles to a Hiccory Sapling near a marked Red Oak on the East Side of a Drain in a Line of Anthony Russell,
Then with his Line No.8°Et. Twenty eight Poles to a marked White Oak near the said Drain Corner to the said Russell and James Spencer and then with Spencer's and Stone's Line No.82°Wt. One Hundred and fifty Poles to the Beginning Containing Forty eight Acres
Together with all Rights Members and Appurtenances thereunto belonging Royal Mines excepted and a full Third Part of all Lead Copper Tin Coals Iron Mine and Iron Ore that shall be found thereon
To have and to hold the said Forty eight Acres of Land together with all Rights Profits and Benefits to the same belonging or in any wise appertaining Except before excepted ~ To him the said Gabriel Fox his Heirs and Assigns forever
He the said Gabriel Fox his Heirs and Assigns therefore Yielding and Paying to me my Heirs or Assigns or to my Certain Attorney or Attornies Agent or Agents or to the Certain Attorney or Attornies of my Heirs or Assigns Proprietors of the said Northern Neck Yearly and every Year on the Feast Day of St. Michael the Archangel the Fee Rent of One Shilling Sterling Money for every Fifty Acres of Land hereby granted and so proportionably for a greater or lesser Quantity
Provided that if the said Gabriel Fox his Heirs and Assigns shall not pay the said reserved annual Rent as aforesaid so that the same or any Part thereof shall be behind and unpaid by the Space of two whole Years after the same shall become due If legally demanded that then it shall and may be lawful for me my Heirs or Assigns Proprietors as aforesaid my or their Certain Attorney or Attornies Agent or Agents into the above granted Premises to reenter and hold the same so as if this Grant had never passed
Given at my Office in the County of Frederick under my Hand and Seal
Dated the First Day of June 1769
The rod or perch or pole is a surveyor's tool equal to 5 1⁄2 yards.
Guardianship is when a court gives an adult custody of a child and/or the responsibility of managing the child's property. Before women could own property, guardians were appointed for their minor children if their husband died.
A surety bond is a promise to assume responsibility for the obligation of a borrower.. The person who provides this promise, is known as a surety or security. An administrator of an estate posted a bond equal to estate assets to insure faithful performance of duty. Bondsmen were usually relatives or family friends.
John Warford II (1683-1769). He was born in Eastchester, Westchester Co., New York and died near Bapisttown, Kingwood Twp., Hunterdon Co., N.J.
He married ca 1708Elizabeth Stout born ca 1691, d. 1760's, daughter of James and Elizabeth (Truax) Stout of Middletown, Monmouth Co.,N.J. In 1705
The Grand Jury of Monmouth Co., N.J. present Elizabeth, daughter of James Stout of Middletown, for a bastard child by James Hid, late of Middletown. She was fined 5 pounds and costs, or to be whipped 10 lashes on her bare back.
The fine was paid by her father.
On the 1698 census of Eastchester, John Warford and his half brother, Richard Osborn were living in the household of their uncle, John Pinckney and next to Henry Fowler. On 11 Dec. 1699, John Warford "orphaned" chose Henry Fowler (a Justice of the Peace) to be his guardian. On 8 May 1705 the Eastchester town meeting voted that John Warford shall have four acres of land, which land in 1706/7 he sold to Moses Fowler and moved to New Jersey. On 29 Jan. 1714 James Stout, yeoman, and Elizabeth his wife, for 40£ sold to John Warford, yeoman of Freehold, land in said town. In 1717 they sold the land to Daniel Clayton. In 1729 they moved to Hunterdon Co., N.J. and Elizabeth was baptised 12 June 1731 at the Hopewell Baptist Church. On 31 July 1742 she with other members of the family obtained letters of dismission and formed the new Church of Christ at Bethlehem Twp (now Kingwood Baptist Church). John was listed as a freeholder in Bethlehem Twp. 9 Oct. 1738. He left all of his land to his son James. Made will 9 June 1761, proved 3 Jan 1770, Inv. 23 December 1769 (Liber 15, folio 18)."
A freeholder is the owner of a freehold estate which is an interest in land that is not fixed by a specified period of time, but which may last during the lifetime of a person.
West Virginia is located in the Appalachians and was originally part of Virginia. The capital and largest city is Charleston. It became a state during the Civil War and was admitted to the Union on June 20, 1863.
To be presented to the court meant to be charged or indited.