Old Style Calendar
Before 1752 the year began on Lady Day, March 25th,. Dates between January 1st and March 24th were at the end of the year. Old Style (O.S.) and New Style (N.S.) are used to indicate whether the year has been adjusted. Often both dates are used.
Many factors led to the witchcraft accusations in Salem.
Mary Towne Estey was a victim of the Salem witch delusion on September 22, 1692.
Jonathan Russell was born at Salem, Massachusetts and was the second son of William and Elizabeth (Nurse) Russell. In 1718 he married Hannah Estey and they lived in Salem Village, now Danvers.
Jonathan was a husbandman. He was also elected the Surveyors of Highways for the Second Parish at a Salem Village meeting.
Jonathan died at Salem between 19 Oct 1729 and 12 Jan 1730. He was 47 and left 3 small children and his wife was pregnant with their fouth child. The total value of his real estate was £350. Hannah Russell was appointed the guardian of her minor children Susannah (10), Hannah (9), Jonathan (5) and John born posthumously after his father's death.
By a separate agreement at Salem 28 Feb 1733, the widow Hannah Russell and her brother-in-law Benjamin Russell agreed to support his mother Elizabeth for the remainder of her life in exchange for her dower rights and real estate inherited from William Russell, Sr.
During the 17th and 18th centuries an adult unmarried woman was considered to have the legal status of feme sole, while a married woman had the status of feme covert. A feme sole could own property and sign contracts. A feme covert was not recognized as having legal rights and obligations distinct from those of her husband and could not own any property. When a woman became a widow she became a feme sole again.
A Dower is a provision for a wife's support should her husband die before her. Her dower right was the use of ⅓ of her husband's estate. The dower was settled on the bride at the time of the wedding.
The Essex Antiquarian, Volume 12 edited by Sidney Perley
Thomas Dorman, of Topsfield, who married Judith Wood Nov. 6, 1662, was son of Thomas Dorman of Topsfield. The father bought of Samuel Symonds of Ipswich, gentleman, for thirty pounds, a farm of one hundred acres of upland and meadow in Ipswich and Topsfield 1: 3 mo: 1651 (Essex Registry of Deeds (Ipswich series) book 2, page 250). Mr. Dorman, the father, died in Topsfield April 25, 1670, at the age of seventy, having in his will bequeathed to " my son Thomas" "my bigiste dinne pot."
The son Thomas, living in Topsfield, yeoman, and his wife Judith, conveyed to "my son Jesse Dorman half of that farm that my father bought of Mr. Symonds," March 14, 1706-7 (Essex Registry of Deeds, book 19, leaf 152)..
A gentleman had no title, but descended from an aristocratic family, was of the landed gentry, and had a coat of arms.
My Children's Ancestors by Roselle Theodore Cross
Thomas Dorman, b. 1640 or before; mem. of Cong'l chh. at Topsfield; m. March 16 or Nov. 6, 1662, Judith Wood, perhaps dau. of Daniel and Mary (Foster) Wood of Ipswich. In the Vital Records of Topsfield (or Boxford) I find the following list of children ascribed to Thomas, or Thomas and Judith, and one, Judith, to Thomas Jr. Probably not all are children of Thomas and Judith, but Nos. 6, 12, 13, 14 and 15 are so given. From the same records I give the marriages.
1. Timothy, b. 1663; m. 1688, Elizabeth Knowlton.
2. John, b. Mar. 20, 1665.
3. Damaris, b. Aug. 3, 1666; m. 1689, Daniel Clark.
4. Mary, b. Dec. 18, 1667.
5. Judith, b. Feb. 23, 1669; m. 1696, Samuel Porter.
6. Thomas, b. Aug. 14, 1670; m. 1702, Deborah Moulton.
7. Amos, b. Mar. 14, 1672; m. 1702, Dorothee Robinson.
8. Hannah, b. Dec. 2, 1674; m. 1695, Thomas Robinson.
9. Sarah, b. June 1, 1676.
10. Ellen, b. Sept. 25, 1677.
11. Jabez, b Nov. 9, 1678; m. 1709, Hephzibah Perley.
12. Seth, b. May 8, 1682.
13. Jesse, b. Aug. 22, 1684; m. 1707, Ruth Porter.
14. Dorcas, b. Apr. 17, 1686; m. 1706, Joseph Robinson.
15. Philemon, b. June 13, 1687.