Buildings in Clark County, Ohio ranged from simple log cabins to sophisticated Italianate and Gothic Revival structures.
Many settlers in the Shenandoah Valley were Germans from Pennsylvania called the "Shenandoah Deitsch."
Most Americans were farmers in the 18th and early 19th centuries.
Europeans who made the voyage to America faced a difficult journey of several months.
Charles F. Branstetter was born on August 30, 1812 in Heidelberg Township, Northampton County, which is now in Lehigh County, Pennsylvania. He was the son of Daniel Branstetter and Christina Bauman.
He came with his family to Ohio about 1818 where they were early pioneers.
He married Susannah Neff on February 7, 1833 in Clark County, Ohio. Susannah was born on April 22, 1812 in Virginia. She was the daughter of Abraham Neff and Barbara Weaver.
Charles and Susan's children included:
Elizabeth Branstetter Porter (1833, married John H. Porter),
Barbara Branstetter Bennett (1836, married Amos Bennett),
Benjamin Branstetter (1838),
Adam Branstetter (1840, married Lauretta Metz),
Mary Amanda Branstetter Venard (1842, married Cyrus H. Venard),
Raper Branstetter (1844, married Ella A. Tanger and Frances Monfort),
Mary C. Branstetter Peniston (1847, married Joseph Penniston),
Samuel N. Branstetter (1849),
Charles C. Branstetter (1850) and
John B. Branstetter (1856).
Adam Brandstetter and Joseph D. Pennison and Mary C. Branstetter
In 1840 they were living in Mad River Township, Champaign County, Ohio. They had two girls and two boys.
The family appeared in the 1850 census of Urbana Township, Champaign County, Ohio. The household consisted of Charles age 36, Susan age 35, Elizabeth age 17, Barbary age 14, Benjamin age 12, Adam age 10, Amanda age 8, Raper age 6, Mary age 3 and Charles age six months. Charles was a farmer.
In 1860 the family was still in Urbana. The household consisted of Charles and Susannah who were both 47, Elizabeth age 27, Barbara age 24, Benjamin age 22, Adam age 20, Manda age 17, Raper age 15, Mary C. age 13, Samuel N. age 10, Charles C. age 7 and John B. age 3.
They remained in Champaign County during the Civil War.
Charles died on March 2, 1868 in Champaign County, Ohio. He was buried at Mt. Calvary Cemetery in German Township, Clark County, Ohio.
The family appeared in the 1870 census of Grape Grove Township, Ray County, Missouri. The household consisted of Susan Branstutter age 57, Samuel age 20, and John age 13. Samuel was a farmer.
In 1880 Susan was still in Grape Grove. The household consisted of Samuel age 31, his mother Susan age 56 (sic), and John age 24.
Susan died on March 6, 1891 in Carroll County, Missouri.
Heidelberg Township, Lehigh County, Pennsylvania originally included Washington Township and Slatington. It is located on Trout Creek and Jordan Creek.
Northampton County, Pennsylvania is on the eastern border of the state in the Lehigh Valley. It was formed in 1752 from parts of Bucks County. Easton is the county seat.
Champaign County, Ohio was created March 1, 1805 from Greene and Franklin counties. On March 1, 1817 the present boundaries were established when Logan and Clark counties were formed. An 1800 census counted 100 settlers.
The first Europeans settled in the Northwest Territory in 1788. The Miami Company managed settlement in the southwest and the Connecticut Land Company managed settlement in the northeast. Migrants came from New York and New England. Ohio was admitted to the Union as the 17th state on March 1, 1803.
Abraham Neff was born in 1784 and was Christian Neff's son. He first settled in the Shenandoah Valley, Rockingham County, Virginia shortly after the American Revolution and married Barbara Weaver on March 9, 1805.
Abraham Neff and Barbara Weaver's children were
Catherine Neff (1806),
Mary Neff (1807), Adam Neff (1808),
Barbara Neff Turman (1812, married Benjamin Turman),
Susannah Neff (1813),
Elizabeth Neff (1813) and Christian Neff (1816).
Abraham and Barbara migrated to Clark County, Ohio in the spring of 1832 settling in German Township west of Tremont. They traveled the entire distance in a covered wagon pulled by four horses and were about nineteen days enroute.They brought their two sons and five daughters with them.
Abraham owned 235 acres near Tremont which he willed to his sons, Adam and Christia who were to make yearly payments to their sisters.
American pioneers migrated west to settle areas not previously inhabited by European Americans.